Included in the type of offence Offences of violence. Includes maltreatment both with and without physical violence. Until 1 October 2015, the statistics and the penal code used the definition maltreatment “within family relations”, which in the penal code of 2005 is broadened to also enclose maltreatment “in close relations”. In the article, notices of maltreatment in close relation also include aggravated maltreatment. See Standard for types of offences 2015.