Mediations are mandatory when cohabiting couples with common children aged below 16 split up. Mediation is mandatory in connection with separation or divorce (Marriage Act) and in connection with separation of cohabitants (Children Act). Mediation is also mandatory in connection with court decisions on parental responsibility, children’s place of residence and access arrangements, and this is registered as mediations according to the Children Act. The court may refer parents to further mediation, which is registered as returned from court system (Children Act).
The purpose of the mediation is to reach an agreement on parental responsibility, access arrangements or the child/children’s permanent residence. The best solution for the child is of primary importance here. One mediation session is mandatory for parents in connection with separation/divorce and separation of cohabitants, but parents can have up to seven sessions.