276055
/en/virksomheter-foretak-og-regnskap/statistikker/foretak/aarleg-kjennetekn-tilsette
276055
Four in ten enterprises have only male employees
statistikk
2016-11-01T08:00:00.000Z
Establishments, enterprises and accounts
en
foretak, Enterprises, employees, turnover, enterprise size, enterprise by industry, organisational forms (for example limited company, sole proprietorship, Norwegian-registered foreign enterprise), new businesses, change of ownership, new registrations, high growth enterprises, ceased trading, disposals, closures, new enterprisesEstablishments and enterprises , Establishments, enterprises and accounts
true
Forty-five per cent of all enterprises as of 1 January 2015 had both male and female employees. Seventeen per cent of enterprises had only female employees and 38 per cent had only male employees.

Enterprises

Updated

Next update

Key figures

38.2 %

of enterprises have only male employees

Enterprises by features of the employees
201520152012-2015
EnterprisesNewly established enterprisesHigh-growth enterprises
Total number of enterprises with employees134 9724 679847
Share of enterprises with only male employees38.254.06.0
Share of enterprises with only female employees16.619.30.6
Share of enterprises with both male and female employees45.126.793.4

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Table 1 
Enterprises, by the employees' gender, as well as the industrial activity, size group and legal form of the enterprises

Enterprises, by the employees' gender, as well as the industrial activity, size group and legal form of the enterprises
2015
Total0 per cent women/100 per cent men1-49 per cent women/51-99 per cent men50 per cent women/50 per cent men51-99 per cent women/1-49 per cent men100 per cent women/0 per cent men
Share
Industrial activity
Total134 97238.223.67.913.716.6
Mining and quarrying56737.052.95.81.23.0
Manufacturing8 53933.545.15.98.57.0
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply45333.852.84.96.81.8
Water supply45148.843.04.22.02.0
Construction21 65163.429.44.30.82.2
Wholesale and retail trade29 56025.926.37.419.221.2
Transportation and storage9 90363.725.24.92.33.9
Accommodation and food service activities7 28214.123.110.034.817.9
Information and communication5 87547.030.19.06.77.1
Financial and insurance activities1 24334.828.37.620.19.3
Real estate activities7 99551.812.612.25.617.7
Professional, scientific and technical activities17 01541.815.912.512.916.9
Administrative and support service activities6 50535.924.39.415.315.2
Education2 09624.419.610.623.022.3
Human health and social work activities9 0689.64.87.434.144.0
Arts, entertainment and recreation2 27530.216.010.523.120.2
Other service activities4 42812.16.65.416.159.8
Activities of household as employers30.00.00.00.0100.0
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies10.00.00.00.0100.0
Unknown industry6253.28.111.31.625.8
 
Size groups
Total134 97238.223.67.913.716.6
1-4 employees81 80654.87.311.14.322.5
5-9 employees25 06320.239.33.624.212.8
10-19 employees15 2649.451.63.431.04.6
20-49 employees8 6503.260.61.633.21.4
50-99 employees2 2510.668.20.630.20.4
100-249 employees1 2500.469.00.230.10.2
250 employees and more6880.067.60.332.00.1
 
Legal form
Total134 97238.223.67.913.716.6
Private limited company (AS)110 11937.126.98.414.113.5
General partnership71033.810.86.612.436.3
Sole proprietorship16 21649.16.34.65.834.1
Association/club/organisation34819.023.38.931.917.0
Norwegian division of foreign business enterprise2 31355.014.48.65.616.4
General partnership with shared liability1 17622.45.23.712.556.2
Other organisational structures4 09023.316.36.237.017.3

Table 2 
Enterprises, by the employees' highest level of education, as well as the industrial activity, size groups and legal form of the enterprises

Enterprises, by the employees' highest level of education, as well as the industrial activity, size groups and legal form of the enterprises
2015
Total0 per cent primary or secondary education/100 per cent tertiary education1-49 per cent primary or secondary education/51-99 per cent tertiary education50 per cent primary or secondary education/50 per cent tertiary education51-99 per cent primary or secondary education/1-49 per cent tertiary education100 per cent primary or secondary education/0 per cent tertiary education
Share
Industrial activity
Total132 60714.17.56.225.746.4
Mining and quarrying56310.115.63.433.737.1
Manufacturing8 4685.33.93.641.046.2
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply45112.217.35.343.921.3
Water supply4495.83.83.136.151.2
Construction20 8354.81.33.622.867.5
Wholesale and retail trade29 3285.53.95.335.549.7
Transportation and storage9 6335.12.44.319.868.3
Accommodation and food service activities7 0614.03.95.542.444.3
Information and communication5 84333.423.58.714.819.6
Financial and insurance activities1 23626.626.26.622.118.4
Real estate activities7 84723.46.58.39.852.1
Professional, scientific and technical activities16 88539.016.59.810.824.0
Administrative and support service activities6 28013.77.57.328.443.1
Education2 08024.822.28.217.527.4
Human health and social work activities9 01920.813.610.632.622.5
Arts, entertainment and recreation2 25018.78.77.925.739.0
Other service activities4 3137.84.33.713.970.3
Activities of household as employers30.033.30.033.333.3
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies10.00.00.00.0100.0
Unknown industry6227.46.58.13.254.8
 
Size groups
Total132 60714.17.56.225.746.4
1-4 employees81 97021.93.18.67.159.4
5-9 employees24 2002.512.63.043.838.0
10-19 employees14 4711.014.32.460.921.5
20-49 employees8 0270.317.71.374.16.7
50-99 employees2 1010.123.40.775.20.7
100-249 employees1 1860.025.10.374.50.0
250 employees and more6520.023.00.077.00.0
 
Legal form
Total132 60714.17.56.225.746.4
Private limited company (AS)109 00314.87.86.328.043.1
General partnership6908.35.86.818.161.0
Sole proprietorship15 1198.41.65.510.574.0
Association/club/organisation34814.728.411.229.016.7
Norwegian division of foreign business enterprise2 23726.86.97.411.347.7
General partnership with shared liability1 1449.48.05.919.856.8
Other organisational structures4 06611.621.16.532.528.3

Table 3 
Enterprises, by the employees' average age in groups, as well as the industrial activity, size group and legal form of the enterprises

Enterprises, by the employees' average age in groups, as well as the industrial activity, size group and legal form of the enterprises
2015
TotalBetween 16 and 24 yearsBetween 25 and 34 yearsBetween 35 and 44 yearsBetween 45 and 54 yearsBetween 55 and 66 years67 years or older
Share
Industrial activity
Total134 97213.319.121.922.418.64.7
Mining and quarrying5675.819.420.328.222.04.2
Manufacturing8 53910.016.321.524.622.55.0
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply4535.511.515.932.726.57.9
Water supply45110.216.020.427.119.37.1
Construction21 65114.022.623.821.415.13.0
Wholesale and retail trade29 56020.317.319.821.517.04.0
Transportation and storage9 9039.620.322.223.318.66.0
Accommodation and food service activities7 28231.627.417.313.58.12.0
Information and communication5 8755.722.130.424.215.02.6
Financial and insurance activities1 2434.916.825.228.219.15.9
Real estate activities7 9956.010.116.924.529.513.0
Professional, scientific and technical activities17 0154.615.022.625.925.46.5
Administrative and support service activities6 50512.121.823.522.715.94.0
Education2 0969.318.623.822.721.24.5
Human health and social work activities9 0688.619.824.023.221.33.2
Arts, entertainment and recreation2 27519.721.522.219.413.34.0
Other service activities4 42817.827.220.518.412.93.1
Activities of household as employers30.033.333.30.033.30.0
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies10.00.00.0100.00.00.0
Unknown industry628.119.422.622.624.23.2
 
Size groups
Total134 97213.319.121.922.418.64.7
1-4 employees81 8069.416.621.924.221.86.2
5-9 employees25 06318.622.221.820.314.22.9
10-19 employees15 26421.023.221.318.813.32.4
20-49 employees8 65018.923.922.819.513.31.6
50-99 employees2 25115.025.122.721.714.11.6
100-249 employees1 25015.624.025.820.413.01.3
250 employees and more68824.331.519.015.78.70.7
 
Legal form
Total134 97213.319.121.922.418.64.7
Private limited company (AS)110 11912.418.522.223.219.14.6
General partnership71018.020.820.118.916.25.9
Sole proprietorship16 21621.724.119.916.613.44.3
Association/club/organisation34812.115.220.419.523.09.8
Norwegian division of foreign business enterprise2 3135.517.627.526.019.04.4
General partnership with shared liability1 17615.622.821.320.816.23.2
Other organisational structures4 0907.214.919.624.225.38.7

Table 4 
Enterprises, by the employees' board experience, as well as the industrial activity, size group and legal form of the enterprises

Enterprises, by the employees' board experience, as well as the industrial activity, size group and legal form of the enterprises1
2015
Total0 per cent board experience1-49 per cent board experience50 per cent board experience51-99 per cent board experience100 per cent board experience
Share
1Board experience describes the employees' present or past roles as chairmen of the board, board members or deputy chairmen in one or more enterprises.
Industrial activity
Total134 97216.635.310.99.927.2
Mining and quarrying5679.552.78.110.119.6
Manufacturing8 53910.650.89.810.318.4
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply4534.636.49.324.525.2
Water supply45111.149.210.09.320.4
Construction21 65115.538.011.88.526.2
Wholesale and retail trade29 56014.445.011.810.418.4
Transportation and storage9 90334.330.211.37.416.9
Accommodation and food service activities7 28226.954.37.44.07.4
Information and communication5 8756.824.411.017.240.7
Financial and insurance activities1 2434.727.98.522.236.7
Real estate activities7 99518.89.710.59.151.9
Professional, scientific and technical activities17 0157.715.812.014.650.0
Administrative and support service activities6 50519.236.19.68.426.7
Education2 09612.930.711.412.133.0
Human health and social work activities9 06822.642.39.45.720.0
Arts, entertainment and recreation2 27518.232.39.88.031.6
Other service activities4 42826.631.610.88.422.6
Activities of household as employers333.366.70.00.00.0
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies1100.00.00.00.00.0
Unknown industry6225.83.23.23.264.5
 
Size groups
Total134 97216.635.310.99.927.2
1-4 employees81 80624.19.714.77.044.5
5-9 employees25 0638.362.07.620.81.4
10-19 employees15 2643.481.14.111.30.0
20-49 employees8 6501.290.51.37.00.0
50-99 employees2 2510.193.90.65.40.0
100-249 employees1 2500.296.80.22.80.0
250 employees and more6880.099.30.00.70.0
 
Legal form
Total134 97216.635.310.99.927.2
Private limited company (AS)110 1198.038.911.711.230.2
General partnership71052.823.99.02.511.7
Sole proprietorship16 21671.012.66.21.48.9
Association/club/organisation34810.940.810.121.816.4
Norwegian division of foreign business enterprise2 31322.718.611.54.243.1
General partnership with shared liability1 17651.927.68.93.48.2
Other organisational structures4 09013.642.28.715.719.8

Table 5 
Newly established enterprises, by the employees' gender, as well as the industrial activity, size group and legal form of the enterprises

Newly established enterprises, by the employees' gender, as well as the industrial activity, size group and legal form of the enterprises
2015
Total0 per cent women/100 per cent men1-49 per cent women/51-99 per cent men50 per cent women/50 per cent men51-99 per cent women/1-49 per cent men100 per cent women/0 per cent men
Share
Industrial activity
Total4 67954.012.27.37.319.3
Mining and quarrying683.316.70.00.00.0
Manufacturing17151.518.15.39.915.2
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply683.316.70.00.00.0
Water supply560.040.00.00.00.0
Construction1 06681.911.44.70.31.8
Wholesale and retail trade80037.411.18.812.330.5
Transportation and storage30176.714.64.01.73.0
Accommodation and food service activities40118.022.49.529.920.2
Information and communication24365.411.58.62.911.5
Financial and insurance activities2759.322.23.77.47.4
Real estate activities10556.214.36.74.818.1
Professional, scientific and technical activities69460.18.49.44.018.2
Administrative and support service activities30746.616.98.85.222.5
Education9745.48.211.310.324.7
Human health and social work activities19424.73.68.88.254.6
Arts, entertainment and recreation6334.911.19.59.534.9
Other service activities15917.02.53.13.174.2
Activities of household as employers0.....
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies0.....
Unknown industry3444.117.62.98.826.5
 
Size groups
Total4 67954.012.27.37.319.3
1-4 employees3 81162.25.87.92.521.5
5-9 employees55922.235.13.825.613.4
10-19 employees22710.646.36.633.92.6
20-49 employees5911.954.23.430.50.0
50-99 employees180.066.75.627.80.0
100-249 employees30.066.70.033.30.0
250 employees and more20.050.00.050.00.0
 
Legal form
Total4 67954.012.27.37.319.3
Private limited company (AS)4 19853.512.97.87.618.2
General partnership520.040.00.020.020.0
Sole proprietorship35259.44.32.33.730.4
Association/club/organisation10.00.00.00.0100.0
Norwegian division of foreign business enterprise8868.213.63.40.014.8
General partnership with shared liability2133.30.09.54.852.4
Other organisational structures1428.60.00.035.735.7

Table 6 
Newly established enterprises, by the employees' highest level of education, as well as the industrial activity, size group and legal form of the enterprises

Newly established enterprises, by the employees' highest level of education, as well as the industrial activity, size group and legal form of the enterprises
2015
Total0 per cent primary or secondary education/100 per cent tertiary education1-49 per cent primary or secondary education/51-99 per cent tertiary education50 per cent primary or secondary education/50 per cent tertiary education51-99 per cent primary or secondary education/1-49 per cent tertiary education100 per cent primary or secondary education/0 per cent tertiary education
Share
Industrial activity
Total4 37421.43.96.512.855.3
Mining and quarrying560.00.00.020.020.0
Manufacturing1639.84.94.315.365.6
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply650.00.016.733.30.0
Water supply50.00.00.020.080.0
Construction9367.21.16.28.177.5
Wholesale and retail trade77310.04.45.219.461.1
Transportation and storage2788.31.85.48.675.9
Accommodation and food service activities3756.73.75.632.551.5
Information and communication23448.39.08.56.827.4
Financial and insurance activities2722.23.711.122.240.7
Real estate activities10225.510.87.86.949.0
Professional, scientific and technical activities66950.75.77.85.130.8
Administrative and support service activities28118.53.27.516.754.1
Education9640.65.210.410.433.3
Human health and social work activities19048.95.37.912.125.8
Arts, entertainment and recreation6227.43.29.712.946.8
Other service activities13916.50.76.52.973.4
Activities of household as employers0.....
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies0.....
Unknown industry3339.49.10.018.233.3
 
Size groups
Total4 37421.43.96.512.855.3
1-4 employees3 63125.32.17.15.260.3
5-9 employees4962.610.33.844.239.1
10-19 employees1761.119.34.057.418.2
20-49 employees520.015.43.875.05.8
50-99 employees150.020.00.080.00.0
100-249 employees20.00.00.0100.00.0
250 employees and more0.....
 
Legal form
Total4 37421.43.96.512.855.3
Private limited company (AS)3 97621.54.06.713.654.3
General partnership520.040.00.00.040.0
Sole proprietorship28515.11.14.65.673.7
Association/club/organisation1100.00.00.00.00.0
Norwegian division of foreign business enterprise7341.16.85.52.743.8
General partnership with shared liability2020.00.015.015.050.0
Other organisational structures1421.428.60.00.050.0

Table 7 
Newly established enterprises, by the employees' average age in groups, as well as the industrial activity, size group and legal form of the enterprises

Newly established enterprises, by the employees' average age in groups, as well as the industrial activity, size group and legal form of the enterprises
2015
TotalBetween 16 and 24 yearsBetween 25 and 34 yearsBetween 35 and 44 yearsBetween 45 and 54 yearsBetween 55 and 66 years67 years or older
Share
Industrial activity
Total4 6799.334.931.517.16.50.6
Mining and quarrying60.033.350.016.70.00.0
Manufacturing17110.522.836.816.411.71.8
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply60.033.333.333.30.00.0
Water supply50.060.020.00.020.00.0
Construction1 0665.337.136.816.44.30.2
Wholesale and retail trade80016.135.928.514.64.60.3
Transportation and storage3018.032.632.219.37.30.7
Accommodation and food service activities40122.249.920.06.70.70.5
Information and communication2434.538.739.911.55.30.0
Financial and insurance activities2714.829.629.622.20.03.7
Real estate activities1054.828.622.925.717.11.0
Professional, scientific and technical activities6943.924.433.026.811.01.0
Administrative and support service activities3078.134.531.917.37.80.3
Education9712.426.826.822.711.30.0
Human health and social work activities1943.125.834.022.212.92.1
Arts, entertainment and recreation6315.936.525.414.36.31.6
Other service activities15912.658.520.16.31.90.6
Activities of household as employers0......
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies0......
Unknown industry342.929.429.426.58.82.9
 
Size groups
Total4 6799.334.931.517.16.50.6
1-4 employees3 8118.133.231.118.88.00.7
5-9 employees55914.739.534.910.60.20.2
10-19 employees22715.049.826.08.40.90.0
20-49 employees5915.347.530.56.80.00.0
50-99 employees1811.127.855.65.60.00.0
100-249 employees30.033.333.333.30.00.0
250 employees and more20.00.0100.00.00.00.0
 
Legal form
Total4 6799.334.931.517.16.50.6
Private limited company (AS)4 1988.635.231.817.26.60.5
General partnership520.040.040.00.00.00.0
Sole proprietorship35217.937.525.313.44.81.1
Association/club/organisation10.00.00.0100.00.00.0
Norwegian division of foreign business enterprise886.820.539.825.06.81.1
General partnership with shared liability219.519.042.923.84.80.0
Other organisational structures1421.414.321.421.421.40.0

Table 8 
Newly established enterprises, by the employees board experience, as well as the industrial activity, size group and legal form of the enterprises

Newly established enterprises, by the employees board experience, as well as the industrial activity, size group and legal form of the enterprises1
2015
Total0 per cent board experience1-49 per cent board experience50 per cent board experience51-99 per cent board experience100 per cent board experience
Share
1Board experience describes the employees' present or past roles as chairmen of the board, board members or deputy chairmen in one or more enterprises.
Industrial activity
Total4 67921.719.010.86.242.3
Mining and quarrying633.316.70.016.733.3
Manufacturing17124.025.74.78.237.4
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply60.033.316.70.050.0
Water supply520.020.040.020.00.0
Construction1 06616.216.314.15.747.7
Wholesale and retail trade80025.425.414.36.628.4
Transportation and storage30133.618.912.64.730.2
Accommodation and food service activities40135.244.96.73.210.0
Information and communication24314.47.010.38.659.7
Financial and insurance activities270.022.211.122.244.4
Real estate activities10523.813.37.610.544.8
Professional, scientific and technical activities69410.26.58.27.267.9
Administrative and support service activities30729.622.59.16.232.6
Education9714.410.35.28.261.9
Human health and social work activities19419.617.010.33.649.5
Arts, entertainment and recreation6320.617.56.31.654.0
Other service activities15939.010.110.13.137.7
Activities of household as employers0.....
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies0.....
Unknown industry3417.620.60.08.852.9
 
Size groups
Total4 67921.719.010.86.242.3
1-4 employees3 81123.77.212.35.351.6
5-9 employees55915.964.06.111.62.3
10-19 employees22710.178.92.28.80.0
20-49 employees595.191.50.03.40.0
50-99 employees180.0100.00.00.00.0
100-249 employees30.0100.00.00.00.0
250 employees and more20.0100.00.00.00.0
 
Legal form
Total4 67921.719.010.86.242.3
Private limited company (AS)4 19816.620.111.56.745.1
General partnership560.040.00.00.00.0
Sole proprietorship35275.69.14.00.311.1
Association/club/organisation10.00.00.00.0100.0
Norwegian division of foreign business enterprise8843.25.75.76.838.6
General partnership with shared liability2147.623.814.30.014.3
Other organisational structures1421.421.47.17.142.9

Table 9 
High-growth enterprises, by the employees' sex, as well as the industrial activity, size group and legal form of the enterprises

High-growth enterprises, by the employees' sex, as well as the industrial activity, size group and legal form of the enterprises
2012-2015
Total0 per cent women/100 per cent men1-49 per cent women/51-99 per cent men50 per cent women/50 per cent men51-99 per cent women/1-49 per cent men100 per cent women/0 per cent men
Share
Industrial activity
Total8476.070.80.422.20.6
Mining and quarrying340.0100.00.00.00.0
Manufacturing964.283.31.011.50.0
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply40.0100.00.00.00.0
Water supply250.050.00.00.00.0
Construction17017.181.20.61.20.0
Wholesale and retail trade1200.853.30.044.21.7
Transportation and storage9210.987.00.01.11.1
Accommodation and food service activities760.032.90.067.10.0
Information and communication621.690.30.08.10.0
Financial and insurance activities0.....
Real estate activities60.033.30.066.70.0
Professional, scientific and technical activities570.071.90.028.10.0
Administrative and support service activities1114.563.10.030.61.8
Education0.....
Human health and social work activities0.....
Arts, entertainment and recreation160.031.36.362.50.0
Other service activities10.00.00.0100.00.0
Activities of household as employers0.....
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies0.....
Unknown industry0.....
 
Size groups
Total8476.070.80.422.20.6
1-4 employees0.....
5-9 employees0.....
10-19 employees3727.054.10.018.90.0
20-49 employees5146.869.10.623.00.6
50-99 employees1663.671.10.024.70.6
100-249 employees830.079.50.019.31.2
250 employees and more470.087.20.012.80.0
 
Legal form
Total8476.070.80.422.20.6
Private limited company (AS)8156.171.00.222.10.5
General partnership10.0100.00.00.00.0
Sole proprietorship80.037.50.050.012.5
Association/club/organisation10.0100.00.00.00.0
Norwegian division of foreign business enterprise119.190.90.00.00.0
General partnership with shared liability20.00.00.0100.00.0
Other organisational structures90.066.711.122.20.0

Table 10 
High-growth enterprises, by the employees' highest level of education, as well as the industrial activity, size group and legal form of the enterprises

High-growth enterprises, by the employees' highest level of education, as well as the industrial activity, size group and legal form of the enterprises
2012-2015
Total0 per cent primary or secondary education/100 per cent tertiary education1-49 per cent primary or secondary education/51-99 per cent tertiary education50 per cent primary or secondary education/50 per cent tertiary education51-99 per cent primary or secondary education/1-49 per cent tertiary education100 per cent primary or secondary education/0 per cent tertiary education
Share
Industrial activity
Total8460.517.80.573.47.8
Mining and quarrying340.047.10.052.90.0
Manufacturing960.010.41.077.111.5
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply40.050.00.050.00.0
Water supply20.00.00.050.050.0
Construction1700.63.50.677.118.2
Wholesale and retail trade1200.05.80.890.82.5
Transportation and storage920.07.60.082.69.8
Accommodation and food service activities760.06.61.388.23.9
Information and communication624.871.00.024.20.0
Financial and insurance activities0.....
Real estate activities60.033.30.066.70.0
Professional, scientific and technical activities570.061.40.036.81.8
Administrative and support service activities1100.012.70.080.96.4
Education0.....
Human health and social work activities0.....
Arts, entertainment and recreation160.018.80.081.30.0
Other service activities10.00.00.0100.00.0
Activities of household as employers0.....
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies0.....
Unknown industry0.....
 
Size groups
Total8460.517.80.573.47.8
1-4 employees0.....
5-9 employees0.....
10-19 employees372.718.92.743.232.4
20-49 employees5140.615.80.673.79.3
50-99 employees1650.023.00.073.93.0
100-249 employees830.020.50.078.31.2
250 employees and more470.017.00.083.00.0
 
Legal form
Total8460.517.80.573.47.8
Private limited company (AS)8140.517.40.573.68.0
General partnership10.00.00.0100.00.0
Sole proprietorship80.00.00.0100.00.0
Association/club/organisation10.00.00.0100.00.0
Norwegian division of foreign business enterprise110.036.40.054.59.1
General partnership with shared liability20.050.00.050.00.0
Other organisational structures90.044.40.055.60.0

About the statistics

The statistics shows active enterprises as of 1 January, annual figures on newly established enterprises and enterprise closures and quarterly figures on new enterprises. Also, it shows turnover and employment in active enterprises and it describes active enterprises by features of the employees.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Enterprise
In Standard Industrial Classification (SN2007), an enterprise is defined as the smallest combination of legal units which produces goods or services, and which has a certain degree of decision-making autonomy. In the statistics, a legal unit is regarded as an enterprise.

Enterprises as of January 1
The figures of enterprises as of January 1 in the statistical year (year t) cover all active enterprises which were still registered as of January 1 that year.

New enterprises
A new enterprise in a given period is an enterprise registered in The Central Coordinating Register of Legal Entities (ER) with the date of its founding and which has registered information indicating that it will have business activity. If there is no information on the date of its founding, the date of registration is used.

Newly established enterprises
Newly established  enterprises are new enterprises corrected for change of ownership. That means that new enterprises which take over existing activities are not considered as newly established enterprises, but as new enterprises.

Defunct enterprises
An enterprise becomes defunct when the activity is sold, closed, or when the enterprise is deleted from The Central Coordinating Register of Legal Entities (ER).

Employees
The number of employees is based on data from the so-called a-ordning which collects the number of employees for each establishment for mid-week each month.

Employment
Employment is the sum of employees and owners. Employment figures are an average of the number of employees at the end of five selected months in the year, and may not correspond to Labour force survey and national accounts figures, because the data sources and the calculation of the averages are different. In industries for which employment data are not collected through data collection for structural business statistics, employment figures are estimated on the basis of employee data in The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (CRE). Employees with more than one employer may be included in employment figures in several industries.

Turnover
Turnover is the sum of payment of sales to customers, sales of goods for resale and gross income from other business activity. Turnover includes income from rent and commission income, but not government  subsidies or profit from disposal of fixed assets. Value added tax is excluded from the figure. The concept of turnover in some industries is not clear-cut, and the figures for those industries are consequently not published. The industries are financial and insurance activities (industry 64-66), education (industry 85) and human health and social work activities (industry 86-88). Turnover for units in structural business statistics is collected from those statistics. Turnover data for other industries are collected from administrative sources (the VAT Register or the Register of Company Accounts).

Legal form
Legal form in The Central Coordinating Register of Legal Entities (ER). There is a distinction between, among others, sole proprietors and public limited company.

Location
The enterprise’s business address is used to determine the county in which the enterprise is located. If an enterprise comprises many establishments, then its headquarters are used to assign it to a county.

Standard classifications

Standard Industrial Classification SN2007
Statistics Norway’s Standard Industrial Classification SN2007, which is based on EU’s industrial standard NACE Rev.2, is used as from the statistical year 2008. Standard Industrial Classification SN2002 was used until 2007. The industrial classifications are found at here. Industrial distributions according to SN2007 and SN2002 are not directly comparable, as there is no industry to industry correspondence between all industries.

Classification of enterprises by size group

Classification of organization form

 

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Enterprises
Topic: Establishments, enterprises and accounts

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Accounting Statistics

Regional level

National, county and municipal level (for enterprises by features of the employees only on national level)

Frequency and timeliness

Business demography is published annually with figures for enterprises as of January 1 of year t, together with new enterprises in year t and defunct enterprises in the course of year t-1. New enterprises are published quarterly, about two months after the end of the quarter. Statistics on enterprises by features of the employees is published annually.

Enterprise, turnover and employment are published annually, with a time-lag of two years.

International reporting

Statistics on active enterprises, newly established enterprises and discontinued enterprises are reported to Eurostat, but the populations and thus figures differ from the ones that are published at www.ssb.no.

Figures on new enterprises (quarterly) which are reported to Eurostat are the same as the ones that are published at www.ssb.no

Microdata

Data on the populations are temporarily stored in SAS programming language and are stored long-term as text files.

Background

Background and purpose

Business demography covers statistics on the number of enterprises as of January 1, new enterprises, newly established enterprises, and cessations and discontinued enterprises. The statistics cover enterprises in all industries except primary industries and public administration. The annual population of enterprises is composed of the yearly structural turnover and employment statistics for enterprises in every industry except public administration.

The statistics were published for the first time in November 2002.

Users and applications

The users of the statistics are public administration, researchers, industry and the media.

Equal treatment of users

Principles for equal treatment of users in releasing statistics and analyses

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on www.ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar.

Coherence with other statistics

The published figures may not tally with the figures for legal entities in The Central Coordinating Register of Legal Entities (ER). The published industry figures may also differ from those in structural business statistics. The difference between the published figures and the figures in the Register of Business Enterprises is largely due to the fact that all legal entities are included in The Central Coordinating Register of Legal Entities (ER), irrespective of whether they are active or not. Statistics Norway conducts many checks to establish whether the enterprise is really active.

The annual populations (t-1) and the enterprise figures in year t are co-ordinated with structural business statistics in that, regarding the industries covered by  structural business statistics, an enterprise is included only if it has turnover or employment. The figures by year (t+1) also include all new enterprises in year t which are still registered at the beginning of (t+1). Since cessations are often registered with a time-lag, these figures can be too high.

The figures for annual populations may differ from published structural business statistics figures for activity, because turnover and employment in an enterprise encompass total turnover and total employment, which means that turnover and employment in an activity in an industry different from the enterprise’s industry is also included.

Legal authority

Not relevant

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

Enterprises/business demography, annually
The statistics describe enterprises as of January 1, new and newly established enterprises, as well as defunct and discontinued enterprises by their industrial activity, legal form and number of employees (not for cessations).

1. The statistics cover all industries, with the exception of primary industries (01 Agriculture, 02 forestry, 03 fishing) and public administration and defence (84 public administration and defence), according to the Standard Industrial Classification SN2007. As from statistical year 2008, the statistics were demarcated by industry according to SN2007, while the statistics are restricted according to SN2002 from 2000 to 2007.

 2. The figures as of January 1 in the statistical year consist of all enterprises having activity in Norway in the previous year. Newly registered and newly born enterprises in the statistical year are only those enterprises with information indicating that they intend to engage in business activity. That means that enterprises with some legal forms, for example, other estates, condominium flat owner, are excluded from the statistics.

 3. Enterprises with sector code for general government are not included in the statistics. The codes are (Sector code 2014) 3100, 6500 and 6100, as from statistical year 2012.  Enterprises having sector codes 110 (central government including social security funds), 150 (The Central Bank of Norway), 510 (county municipalities) and 550 (municipalities) are excluded from the statistics in statistical years 2000 to 2011. Those enterprises are not included even if they have activity in industries covered by the statistics. There may be shortcomings with the figures for industries which are mixtures of public sector service provision and private sector service provision, owing to the exclusion of public sector service provision from the statistics. This particularly applies to electricity and water supply, education, human health and social work activities. State lending institutions, enterprises in public ownership, central government enterprises, local government enterprises and local government incorporated enterprises, that is to say, enterprises with sector codes 3100, 3900, 1110, 1120, 1510 and 1520, are included if they have activity within industries covered by the statistics.

Enterprises, turnover and employment, annually
Enterprises are included in the annual population if they are registered as having active operations in Norway in the statistical year.

The statistics are demarcated by the enterprise’s industry, legal form, and sector code.

 1. The statistics cover all industries except public administration and defence (84 Public administration and defence), according to Standard Industrial Classification SN2007. As from statistical year 2008,  SN2007 was used to demarcate the statistics by industry, while SN2002 was used from 2000 to 2007.

 2. Enterprises having certain legal forms, for example other estates, condominium flat owner, are not in the statistical population and are therefore not in the statistics

 3. Enterprises with sector code for general government, that is, codes (Sector code 2014) 3100, 6500 and 6100, are not included in the statistics as from statistical year 2012.  Enterprises having sector codes110 (central government including social security funds), 150 (The Central Bank of Norway), 510 (county municipalities) and 550 (municipalities) are not covered by the statistics, from the statistical year 2000 to 2011. These enterprises are left out even if they have activity in industries covered by the statistics. As regards industries that are mixtures of public sector service provision and private sector service provision, the figures may be deficient, since public sector service provision is not in the statistics. In particular, this  applies to electricity and water supply, education, and human health and social. State lending institutions, enterprises in public ownership, central government enterprises, local government enterprises and local government incorporated enterprises, that is to say, enterprises with sector codes 3100, 3900, 1110, 1120, 1510 and 1520, are included if they have activities within the industries covered by the statistics

Enterprises by features of the employees, annually
The statistics cover all enterprises as of January 1 and newly established enterprises with employees, as well as high-growth enterprises. Enterprises in public administration and the primary industries are not included. The statistics do not cover sole proprietors, participants in general partnership, and general partnerships with shared liability.

New enterprises, quarterly
The statistics include all new enterprises registered in The Central Coordinating Register of Legal Entities (ER) and are published roughly five weeks after each quarter.

Data sources and sampling

The Central Coordinating Register of Legal Entities (ER) and The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (CRE). The number of employees is obtained from the so-called a-ordning. Data on turnover and employment are collected from administrative sources and through Statistics Norway’s structural business statistics surveys.

Data from structural business statistics and data from other administrative registers such as the VAT Register, The Register of Company Accounts and income tax form for self-employed persons are used to restrict the population in relation to enterprises which no longer exist.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Administrative data and reuse of data from statistical surveys.

The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (CRE) is comprehensive. It is checked to ensure that it fulfils quality requirements, with regard to coverage and information on legal persons.

The quality of the population of active enterprises is checked, among other things, by directly contacting the enterprises during the data collection the structural business statistics and by linking the units to administrative registers in the monitoring system for The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (CRE).

The quality of the industrial codes for the establishments and entities in The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (CRE) is continually checked. Quality checks are conducted, among other things, by contacting the enterprises in Statistics Norway’s structural business statistics surveys, by other administrative sources, and by directly contacting the enterprise in other ways, and by the statement of purpose in The Central Coordinating Register of Legal Entities (ER).

The estimated cessation numbers are obtained by calculating the ratio of the preliminary figures to the final figures in an earlier year. The estimated enterprise numbers as of January 1 are based on the preliminary enterprise figures as of 1 January and the estimated number of discontinued enterprises. Enterprise size, measured by the number of persons employed the year before cessation, and legal form are the factors with the greatest effect on the ratio of the preliminary and final cessation figures to active enterprises.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

In the statistics on enterprises, turnover and employment, turnover is not published if the number of enterprises is fewer than three.

Comparability over time and space

Cessation of an enterprise is registered with a time-lag. New enterprises may also be registered with a time-lag, and many newly registered enterprises never become active. The number of enterprises as of January 1 t+1 is therefore lower the next time business demography statistics are published.

Regarding the annual population, the method for calculating turnover and employment for the enterprises included in structural business statistics was revised as from the year 2003. The revision affected industries 65-67 and 80-99, as well as enterprises in industries 10-41 (SN2002), which were excluded from structural business statistics for manufacturing (sole proprietors and enterprises with less than 0.5 man-years). The revision resulted in a reduction in the total number of enterprises and in the number of enterprises within the aforementioned industries from 2002 to 2003.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The data sources for the statistics are administrative registers. Several administrative registers are central to the work relating to updating The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (CRE) and are used to define the population and collect the variables and information. The Central Coordinating Register of Legal Entities (ER), the VAT register, and a-ordning are used to collect data on the units of analysis. Errors in the registers can be a source of uncertainty in the statistics.

Outdated information resulting from time-lag in the registers may be a source of error. Such time-lags are caused by the fact that changes are often registered some time after they have happened. The registers are consequently not completely up-to-date all the time, leading to outdated information being used in the statistics.

There is a time-lag between the cessation of an activity and its registration based on feedback in connection with data collection for structural business statistics or by linking administrative registers. Therefore, not all cessations in the period for which the figures are published are necessarily registered at the time of publication. A result of this is that the number of cessations will be too low, whereas the population figures as of January 1 in t+1 will be too high. New registrations are in some cases done with a time lag.

The respondent must state, in connection with new registrations, whether the activity is new or whether it is a change of ownership. When such information is lacking, duplicate checks are conducted to identify potential ownership changes. Not all ownership changes are found when these checks are conducted, and the number of newly established enterprises is presumably somewhat higher, compared with the number of new registrations. There are also many new enterprises which never start activity.

 

Revision

Not relevant

Contact

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