296937
/en/varehandel-og-tjenesteyting/statistikker/stefu/aar
296937
statistikk
2017-06-06T08:00:00.000Z
Wholesale and retail trade and service activities;Construction, housing and property
en
stefu, Business activities, structural business statistics, property industry, estate agents, letting services, architectural services, legal services, R&D, advertising, veterinary activities, security services, cleaning services, turnover, employees, enterprisesService activities , Property, Construction, housing and property, Wholesale and retail trade and service activities
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Business activities, structural business statistics

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Key figures

- 8.5 %

change in turnover within technical consultancy from 2014 to 2015

Structural statistics for real estate, renting and business activities, industry division 68, 69-75, 77-82. Final figures
Number/NOK millionIn per cent
20152014 - 20152011 - 2015
The tables are updated 15. June 2017 with data for gross investments.
Enterprises
Number of enterprises115 9844.313.5
Employment301 0432.811.2
Turnover541 469.3-0.915.1
Value added273 852.9-1.318.0
Gross operating surplus118 980.1-4.416.2
 
Local kind-of-activity units
Lokal KAUs119 6694.413.6
Employment300 4513.211.9
Turnover541 630.8-0.615.8
Compesation of employees154 751.61.719.9
Gross investments47 805.1-3.134.9

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Table 1 
Principal figures, by industry class. Local kind-of-acitivity units

Principal figures, by industry class. Local kind-of-acitivity units1
Local KAUs (number)Employment (number)Compensation of employees (NOK mill.)2Turnover (NOK mill.)2Gross investments (NOK mill.)2
1Other details can be found in StatBank Norway, figure number 07901.
2VAT is not included.
3The figures are exclusive of 68.201 House cooperative, 70.100 Activities of head offices and 81.109 Other combined facilities support activities.
The tables are updated 15. June 2017 with data for gross investments.
The whole country3
2014114 601291 037152 185.2544 899.149 347.4
2015119 669300 451154 751.6541 630.847 805.1
L.
201448 86628 27913 675.7135 168.939 070.8
201550 34432 36214 435.0141 653.638 512.4
68 Real estate activities
201448 86628 27913 675.7135 168.939 070.8
201550 34432 36214 435.0141 653.638 512.4
M Professional, scientific and technical activities
201445 765130 98684 600.4233 755.15 128.1
201548 251136 85787 685.7226 587.24 578.9
69 Legal and accounting activities
20147 66032 70917 249.338 975.6157.9
20157 77833 76218 328.840 848.1377.7
70 Head offices, management consult.
201410 35013 0408 061.820 644.8323.6
201511 08813 6148 189.520 564.9244.6
71 Architecture, engineering activities
201412 70954 11843 011.6125 157.83 964.8
201513 00054 85143 252.5114 538.43 220.8
72 Scientific research and development
201474210 0477 666.412 366.3290.6
201579110 5478 795.513 061.0339.9
73 Advertising and market research
20142 6297 7233 771.620 746.794.6
20152 8168 6844 069.221 421.792.5
74 Other professional, scientific and technical activities
201410 30910 6304 090.013 349.9195.5
201511 40112 3964 213.013 403.1214.6
75 Veterinary activities
20141 3662 719749.72 514.0101.2
20151 3773 003837.22 750.088.8
N. Office administrative, office support and other business support activities
201419 970131 77253 909.1175 975.15 148.5
201521 074131 23252 630.9173 390.04 713.8
77 Rental and leasing activities
20143 4227 7664 140.542 637.23 687.2
20153 5107 7884 052.242 958.03 164.9
78 Employment activities
20142 32253 57224 222.735 518.499.5
20152 41950 10821 856.931 473.852.6
79 Travel agency, tour operators
20142 2105 8122 557.740 614.4116.2
20152 4287 0042 705.039 318.8253.9
80 Security, investigation activities
201452012 6325 001.48 361.7387.8
201555913 2165 105.98 478.3434.5
81 Buildings, landscape service activities
20147 29937 72211 060.823 543.3410.4
20157 78438 40911 729.624 029.0393.0
82 Business support activities
20144 19714 2686 925.925 300.0447.4
20154 37414 7077 181.427 132.1414.9

Table 2 
Structurak statistics. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry section. Local kind-of-activity units.

Structurak statistics. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry section. Local kind-of-activity units.1
2015
0-9 employed10-19 employed20-49 employed50-249 employed250 or more employed
1Other details found in StatBank Norway, figure number 07904.
2The figures are exclusive of 68.201 House cooperative, 70.100 Activities of head offices and 81.109 Other combined facilities support activities.
3VAT is not included.
The tables are updated 15. June with data for gross investments.
Total2
Local kind-of-activity units114 4112 8061 57779778
Employment103 63137 36346 78375 95936 715
Compensation of employees (NOK million)39 612.122 183.827 805.843 581.221 568.8
Turnover (NOK million)3264 726.060 325.173 105.5104 403.539 070.9
Gross Investment (NOK million)339 234.21 194.01 787.44 361.11 228.5
 
Section L
Local kind-of-activity units49 9303118815.
Employees24 7833 9992 4641 116.
Compensation of employees (NOK million)8 951.22 919.51 842.7721.5.
Turnover (NOK million)3125 618.98 806.65 320.11 908.0.
Gross Investment (NOK million)337 788.6-41.2743.022.0.
Section M
Local kind-of-activity units45 7601 46469930226
Employees54 22619 43620 16828 78114 246
Compensation of employees (NOK million)23 139.613 366.115 289.224 045.211 845.7
Turnover (NOK million)376 672.828 617.237 931.156 637.926 728.2
Gross Investment (NOK million)31 415.1520.6359.21 204.51 079.5
Section N
Local kind-of-activity units18 7211 03179048052
Employees24 62213 92824 15146 06222 469
Compensation of employees (NOK million)7 521.35 898.210 673.918 814.59 723.1
Turnover (NOK million)362 434.322 901.329 854.345 857.612 342.7
Gross Investment (NOK million)330.5714.6685.23 134.6149.0

Table 3 
Principal figures for the industrial section by county. Local KAUs

Principal figures for the industrial section by county. Local KAUs1
2015
Local kind-of-activity unitsEmployeesCompensation of employees (NOK million)Turnover (NOK million)2Gross Investments (NOK million)2
1Other details can be found in StatBank Norway, figure number 07909.
2VAT is not included.
3The figures are exclusive of 68.201 House cooperative, 70.100 Activities of head offices and 81.109 Other combined facilities support activities.
4Svalbard, Jan Mayen and the Norwegian continental shelf.
The tables are updated 15. 2017 June with data for gross investments.
The whole country3119 669300 451154 751.6541 630.847 805.1
 
L. Real estate activities50 34432 36214 435.0141 653.638 512.4
Østfold2 7851 528510.74 478.8872.0
Akershus4 0682 9961 435.513 600.94 446.4
Oslo7 4897 0834 441.547 731.711 064.1
Hedmark1 7751 137355.53 269.31 609.9
Oppland1 9601 148342.12 791.3439.3
Buskerud2 8641 769660.65 766.91 286.6
Vestfold2 7261 411491.04 987.0815.4
Telemark1 724804282.32 500.4396.1
Aust-Agder1 137501154.41 876.1534.8
Vest-Agder2 158997358.93 866.6713.0
Rogaland4 3502 4641 089.610 667.12 888.8
Hordaland4 8023 1191 479.614 367.65 208.4
Sogn og Fjordane1 185595129.01 926.0588.4
Møre og Romsdal2 8691 528560.26 623.11 916.3
Sør-Trøndelag2 7982 0901 044.17 863.82 403.1
Nord-Trøndelag1 410638218.41 910.0601.6
Nordland2 2731 251404.33 805.91 714.9
Troms - Romsa1 255853339.22 495.3989.0
Finnmark - Finnmárku689444137.51 029.933.6
Other Norwegian territories42760.795.9-9.5
M. Professional, scientific and technical activities48 251136 85787 685.7226 587.24 578.9
Østfold2 1294 7262 394.85 536.784.0
Akershus6 59616 93211 896.531 924.9624.4
Oslo11 63539 14727 578.083 835.31 865.7
Hedmark1 2252 5891 254.02 724.829.7
Oppland1 1772 7011 339.42 909.419.7
Buskerud2 4215 5092 890.06 610.7116.8
Vestfold2 2194 7672 688.56 176.792.0
Telemark1 3152 9151 551.73 666.227.2
Aust-Agder8021 336683.51 546.415.6
Vest-Agder1 6233 8262 147.84 995.2124.6
Rogaland3 94513 5269 246.622 426.9457.7
Hordaland4 20112 8908 227.719 564.9491.7
Sogn og Fjordane7451 719878.61 872.882.0
Møre og Romsdal1 8844 7142 792.47 580.764.1
Sør-Trøndelag2 50610 8807 622.815 520.0327.8
Nord-Trøndelag7961 703867.61 726.934.9
Nordland1 3943 3181 681.53 755.660.9
Troms - Romsa1 1722 7731 504.62 822.842.5
Finnmark - Finnmárku441856......
Other Norwegian territories42530......
N. Office administrative, office support and other business support activities21 074131 23252 630.9173 390.04 713.8
Østfold1 0754 9091 747.74 296.397.1
Akershus2 79815 0195 954.922 833.01 057.2
Oslo3 86235 50515 068.758 588.4746.6
Hedmark6532 874970.33 027.058.7
Oppland7992 473797.12 265.159.8
Buskerud1 2446 4362 598.57 379.3401.5
Vestfold1 0054 6991 774.75 539.9165.5
Telemark6532 646960.52 769.285.0
Aust-Agder4251 453444.02 379.119.7
Vest-Agder6973 4001 243.34 934.167.6
Rogaland1 64513 3956 160.419 339.5622.2
Hordaland1 69013 6715 699.013 853.4650.7
Sogn og Fjordane3911 462486.31 454.5123.6
Møre og Romsdal8275 0582 151.05 491.3144.3
Sør-Trøndelag1 0958 3973 069.48 214.9136.6
Nord-Trøndelag4682 092747.82 842.360.6
Nordland7783 3731 252.13 314.575.9
Troms - Romsa6292 652862.72 400.3104.3
Finnmark - Finnmárku3021 384536.32 227.230.0
Other Norwegian territories438334106.0240.46.9

Table 4 
Structural statistics. Principal figures, by industry class. Enterprises

Structural statistics. Principal figures, by industry class. Enterprises1
EnterprisesEmployeesCompensation of employees (mill. NOK)Turnover (mill. NOK)2Production value (mill. NOK)23Value added (mill. NOK)2Gross Investment (mill. NOK)2
1More details can be found in StatBank Norway, figure number 07907.
2VAT is not included.
3Factor costs.
4The figures are exclusive of 68.201 House cooperative, 70.100 Activities of head offices and 81.109 Other combined facilities support activities.
The tables are updated 15. June with data for gross investments.
The whole country4
2014111 233292 876152 838.0546 554.2541 693.6277 357.649 589.0
2015115 984301 043154 872.6541 469.3538 250.5273 852.948 082.3
 
L. Real estate activities
201448 26427 86413 484.1134 100.2133 983.883 854.839 323.3
201549 73331 78014 184.7139 945.1139 621.286 846.338 725.7
68 Real estate activities
201448 26427 86413 484.1134 100.2133 983.883 854.839 323.3
201549 73331 78014 184.7139 945.1139 621.286 846.338 725.7
M Professional, scientific and technical activities
201444 461130 89284 806.0235 539.1232 084.0118 244.55 114.8
201546 814135 56387 276.4226 564.7225 037.9113 815.04 525.0
69 Legal and accounting activities
20147 10432 71117 248.638 969.738 967.926 384.7158.7
20157 15933 74618 316.540 817.040 816.527 819.5378.7
70 Head offices, management consult.
201410 28612 8397 978.320 454.420 483.311 794.9323.0
201510 99713 6228 191.320 535.620 529.011 480.8244.8
71 Architecture, engineering activities
201412 15856 06344 760.8129 092.1125 916.661 516.94 020.5
201512 40756 00044 381.1116 647.3115 570.654 840.43 233.7
72 Scientific research and development
20146728 4256 347.710 575.910 541.36 308.5224.8
20157208 8097 409.411 155.511 126.96 904.1272.6
73 Advertising and market research
20142 6137 6733 723.820 663.220 616.84 685.694.2
20152 8018 6144 044.221 376.421 364.35 081.592.5
74 Other professional, scientific and technical activities
201410 27510 4633 997.213 270.913 169.16 112.1192.4
201511 36611 7694 096.713 281.313 111.26 097.7215.5
75 Veterinary activities
20141 3532 718749.72 512.92 389.11 441.8101.2
20151 3643 003837.22 751.62 519.41 591.087.2
N. Administrative and service activities
201418 508134 12054 547.9176 914.9175 625.875 258.35 150.9
201519 437133 70053 411.5174 959.5173 591.473 191.64 831.6
77 Rental and leasing activities
20143 1917 8524 159.642 742.941 772.316 441.83 675.5
20153 2727 8324 043.842 910.141 832.415 478.93 175.4
78 Employment activities
20141 85053 60724 231.835 731.735 724.825 624.499.4
20151 92550 44222 069.831 898.231 894.522 962.761.4
79 Travel agency, tour operators
20142 0795 7922 549.040 389.540 320.63 256.6115.5
20152 3066 8482 642.138 955.838 921.53 385.2231.0
80 Security, investigation activities
201434412 7045 038.88 340.38 247.36 001.6388.0
201536813 2255 100.48 561.98 517.36 263.8374.5
81 Buildings, landscape service activities
20147 00140 23911 843.225 108.224 981.114 533.2427.3
20157 38241 18312 589.526 328.126 149.215 486.6390.0
82 Business support activities
20144 04313 9266 725.624 602.224 579.79 400.7445.1
20154 18414 1706 965.926 305.426 276.59 614.4599.3

Table 5 
Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry division. Enterprises

Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry division. Enterprises1
Number of persons employed2015
0-910-1920-4950-249250-
1VAT is not included.
2The figures are exclusive of 68.201 House cooperative, 70.100 Activities of head offices and 81.109 Other combined facilities support activities.
3Factor costs.
The tables are updated 15. June with data for gross investments.
TOTAL2
Number of enterprises111 9002 2251 16959496
Employment (persons)94 64629 57934 58859 07983 151
Compensation of employees (NOK million)34 207.517 478.421 154.934 673.647 358
Turnover (NOK million)245 690.047 024.560 059.997 687.591 008
Production value (NOK million)3244 949.446 799.659 567.196 869.590 065
Value added (NOK million)129 338.022 086.925 679.443 488.653 260
Gross Investments (NOK million)..........
 
68 Real estate activities
Number of enterprises49 38324380243
Employment (persons)22 7023 1362 2902 2451 407
Compensation of employees (NOK million)7 251.22 169.71 759.61 751.01 253.2
Turnover (NOK million)121 141.97 271.35 780.93 564.42 186.5
Production value (NOK million)120 822.97 269.55 780.83 562.62 185.4
Value added (NOK million)76 632.33 527.83 227.61 975.61 483.1
Gross Investments (NOK million)..........
69 Legal and accounting activities
Number of enterprises6 591390130417
Employment (persons)13 2485 1223 5734 8027 001
Compensation of employees (NOK million)5 334.42 967.32 156.53 172.34 686.0
Turnover (NOK million)12 680.75 013.04 120.89 422.49 579.9
Production value (NOK million)12 681.25 012.44 120.59 422.49 579.9
Value added (NOK million)8 715.63 738.72 912.16 225.16 228.0
Gross Investments (NOK million)..........
70 Head offices, management consult.
Number of enterprises10 8011235419.
Employment (persons)9 0211 5741 5631 464.
Compensation of employees (NOK million)4 114.91 301.31 501.01 274.2.
Turnover (NOK million)12 112.82 516.92 985.62 920.2.
Production value (NOK million)12 109.02 517.02 982.92 920.1.
Value added (NOK million)6 716.81 610.41 794.11 359.5.
Gross Investments (NOK million).........
71 Architecture, engineering activities
Number of enterprises11 60645222210918
Employment (persons)14 2616 0796 51810 48318 659
Compensation of employees (NOK million)7 380.24 811.25 399.49 420.317 370.1
Turnover (NOK million)29 762.511 359.513 302.824 953.937 268.6
Production value (NOK million)29 757.311 350.713 211.824 763.036 487.9
Value added (NOK million)14 516.95 721.65 824.710 573.718 203.5
Gross Investments (NOK million)..........
72 Scientific research and development
Number of enterprises6142638366
Employment (persons)6483641 1403 5163 141
Compensation of employees (NOK million)..295.4..3 026.62 869.9
Turnover (NOK million)..307.2..4 219.23 853.9
Production value (NOK million)..307.2..4 201.93 846.9
Value added (NOK million)..106.2..3 018.42 965.3
Gross Investments (NOK million)..........
73 Advertising and market research
Number of enterprises2 6289258221
Employment (persons)3 2191 2301 7282 109328
Compensation of employees (NOK million)..653.51 145.2883.9..
Turnover (NOK million)..2 054.48 297.75 990.1..
Production value (NOK million)..2 055.18 294.55 982.1..
Value added (NOK million)..782.81 293.11 131.5..
Gross Investments (NOK million)..........
74 Other professional, scientific and technical activities
Number of enterprises11 227794812.
Employment (persons)8 2791 0541 3821 054.
Compensation of employees (NOK million)2 011.3..895.9...
Turnover (NOK million)8 516.4..2 121.0...
Production value (NOK million)8 434.5..2 071.2...
Value added (NOK million)3 803.6..1 004.4...
Gross Investments (NOK million).........
75 Veterinary activities
Number of enterprises1 2995582.
Employment (persons)1 959704223117.
Compensation of employees (NOK million)422.8275.3.....
Turnover (NOK million)1 869.7612.5.....
Production value (NOK million)1 721.9549.8.....
Value added (NOK million)1 089.0341.0.....
Gross Investments (NOK million).........
77 Rental and leasing activities
Number of enterprises3 1338336182
Employment (persons)2 7211 1291 0292 248705
Compensation of employees (NOK million)996.8..656.91 333.5..
Turnover (NOK million)24 842.4..3 753.97 328.9..
Production value (NOK million)24 680.8..3 461.16 838.9..
Value added (NOK million)7 690.3..1 315.53 637.4..
Gross Investments (NOK million)..........
78 Employment activities
Number of enterprises1 40314418016731
Employment (persons)2 3461 9775 69016 61123 818
Compensation of employees (NOK million)947.8977.62 885.87 231.510 027.2
Turnover (NOK million)3 090.31 923.33 986.610 134.112 763.9
Production value (NOK million)3 088.51 923.13 986.610 132.412 763.9
Value added (NOK million)1 193.91 023.03 038.17 580.410 127.2
Gross Investments (NOK million)..........
79 Travel agency, tour operators
Number of enterprises2 1677943161
Employment (persons)2 7161 0031 2741 453402
Compensation of employees (NOK million)815.5..518.8740.1..
Turnover (NOK million)9 719.0..6 351.316 612.5..
Production value (NOK million)9 708.6..6 329.016 612.5..
Value added (NOK million)1 149.6..616.2985.0..
Gross Investments (NOK million)..........
80 Security, investigation activities
Number of enterprises28034321210
Employment (persons)5034281 0321 18410 078
Compensation of employees (NOK million)132.787.0257.9347.34 275.5
Turnover (NOK million)417.4203.0384.2566.66 990.7
Production value (NOK million)417.0197.8382.3562.56 957.7
Value added (NOK million)222.9101.3280.6372.55 286.5
Gross Investments (NOK million)..........
81 Buildings, landscape service activities
Number of enterprises6 8432971577114
Employment (persons)9 2434 0424 7107 07316 115
Compensation of employees (NOK million)1 771.01 356.71 737.42 495.35 229.1
Turnover (NOK million)5 857.52 753.53 519.24 902.59 295.5
Production value (NOK million)5 868.32 744.53 510.04 809.09 217.4
Value added (NOK million)3 222.91 611.01 974.72 829.85 848.2
Gross Investments (NOK million)..........
82 Business support activities
Number of enterprises3 92512883453
Employment (persons)3 7801 7372 4364 7201 497
Compensation of employees (NOK million)1 434.6918.81 270.22 453.2889.2
Turnover (NOK million)9 406.05 364.03 884.75 978.51 672.2
Production value (NOK million)9 404.65 350.03 872.25 977.41 672.2
Value added (NOK million)2 436.61 168.71 664.63 205.11 139.3
Gross Investments (NOK million)..........

About the statistics

The structural business statistics for business activities are a part of the industrial statistics of Statistics Norway, and present detailed information about the activities in this sector on the basis of accounting information.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Enterprise

In the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) an enterprise is the smallest combination of legal entities that is an organizational unit producing goods or services, which benefits from a certain degree of autonomy in decision making.

Local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU)

The SIC defines a local KAU as a functional unit, which at a single physical location is engaged primarily in activities within a specific activity group.

Owners

Owners include owners of sole proprietorships, or general partnerships, and family members who work for the enterprise on a daily basis without receiving regular wages. Co-owners of limited companies and cooperatives who are paid for working for the enterprise are not included, nor are family members of owners of sole proprietorships or general partnerships when they receive regular wages.

Employees

The number of employees is collected through the Register of Employees and Employers (the Aa-register). An employee is a person that works for an employer and receive compensation in the form of wages, pay, fee, bonuses, payment in kind etc. There are conditions that the work should last for at least six days and that the employee must be employed on average four or more hours a week for the employee to be notifiable to the Aa-register.

Employment

Employment is the sum of owners and employees. Compared to the Registerbased Employment Statistics http://www.ssb.no/regsys_en/ where persons are counted only in the main industry where they are employed, the structural statistics allows persons with more than one job to be counted as employee in several industries at the same time. The statistics on employment will therefore not be directly comparable.

Employment figures in the structural statistics show an average number during the year.

Temporary staff from employment agencies are not included in the employment figures.

Turnover/sales
Turnover is defined as the sum of remuneration for rendering of services to customers and sales of merchandise, and gross income from other activities. Rental income, commissions and special taxes are included, while subsidies and profits from sales of business assets are not. VAT is not included in the statistics.

stvareh_turnover_fig

Merchandise
Merchandise is goods bought and resold with no added value.

Compensation of employees
Compensation of employees includes wages, holiday pay, fees, etc., employer's national insurance contribution, reportable pension costs and other personnel costs. Compensation of employees does not include remuneration to owners of sole proprietorships or partnerships or to family members without regular wages.

Production value
Production value means sales corrected for changes in stocks of finished goods, work in progress, and goods and services purchased for resale. Purchases of goods and services for resale are deducted, while capitalized own investment work is added.

stvareh_production_fig

Value added
Value added is figured as the sum of production value less the purchase of goods and services (for other goods and services than those purchased for resale) and special public taxes, and corrected for changes in stocks of raw materials and consumer goods. Special public subsidies for manufactured/sold merchandise and other public subsidies/reimbursements are included.

stvareh_value_fig

Gross investments
Gross investments are the total value of new capital goods such as buildings and plant, machinery, tools, implements, software, vehicles (except for personal use), both new and used. Improvements are added while sales of used capital stock are deducted. Investment figures are minus incoming value added tax.

Acquisitions
This includes investments in new assets and improvements of own assets.

New investments include all newly acquired fixed assets acquired and completed in the course of the year, excluding investments in unimproved property. In assessing the value of the business asset, cost price is used for purchases and production cost for own manufactures. Acquisitions through financial leasing are included when the asset is entered as an asset in the balance sheet.

Improvement of own assets includes the value of all capitalized improvements and major repairs purchased and executed by others and/or undertaken by own employees on own business assets. A precondition is that such improvements increase the efficiency/value of and/or prolong the lifetime of the business asset. The improvement is estimated at purchase price at time of purchase or at production cost when it is manufactured.

Sale of business assets
Sale of business assets is estimated at the sales value (replacement value) upon realization of used business assets over the course of the year. The amount includes investment tax. The business asset is regarded as sold when it is delivered.

Standard classifications

The Standard Industrial Classification (SN2007) used in Statistics Norway is based on the EU's NACE-standard.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Business activities, structural business statistics
Topic: Wholesale and retail trade and service activities

Responsible division

Division for Construction and Service

Regional level

National level

Frequency and timeliness

Frequency: Annual

Timeliness: The statistics should be published within 10 months from the end of the reference period

International reporting

The statistics are reported to EUROSTAT

Microdata

Primary data and information on sample units and population are stored temporarily in the programming language SAS, and stored permanently as text-files.

Background

Background and purpose

The structural business statistics for real estate, renting and business activities are a part of the industrial statistics of Statistics Norway, and present detailed information about the activities in this sector on the basis of financial information.

The statistics are compiled in accordance with the EU regulation on structural business statistics, and were first published in 1979. Since 1995 final results have been published on both the enterprise level and the local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU) level. Preliminary figures for turnover and employment on the enterprise level were published for the first time for 2001 in accordance with the EU regulation.

Users and applications

Users include public and private sector agencies, private organizations, individuals and international organizations such as EUROSTAT, as well as the National Accounts and other divisions of Statistics Norway.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway's key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally

Coherence with other statistics

The structural business statistics for real estate, renting and business activities are adapted to the EU regulation on structural business statistics, in the same way as the structural business statistics for wholesale and retail trade, transport and communication, hotel and restaurants and construction are compiled by Statistics Norway.

Short-term statistics are published for certain industries in addition to the structural statistics. These show figures for shorter periods than one year and usually for the entire country as a whole.

The structural business statistics are used as a base when making the National accounts.

Legal authority

Statistics Act Sections 2-2 and 2-3

EEA reference

Council Regulation no. 58/97 of 20 December 1996, changed 11 of March 2008 (EC) No. 295/2008 of the European Parliament

Production

Population

The structural statistics for real estate, renting and business activities are organized according to the NACE-standard (see section 4.2) and include the following industry divisions:

68 Real estate activities

69 Legal and accounting activities

70 Activities of head offices; management consultancy activities

71 Architecture and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis

72 Scientific research and development

73 Advertising and market research

74 Other professional, scientific and technical activities

75 Veterinary activities

77 Rental and leasing activities

78 Employment activities

79 Travel agency, tour operator and other reservation service activities

80 Security and investigation activity

81 Service to buildings and landscape activity

82 Office administrative, office support and other business support activities

The structural business statistics comprise most of the enterprises that are registered in the abovementioned industry divisions, as long as the enterprise was registered with activity in Norway in the relevant statistical year.

The exception is enterprises within the public service sectors 110, 510 and 550. Such units are not included in the structural business statistics for transport and communication even though they should happen to have operations in one of the abovementioned industries.

However, all other enterprises in the public sector or owned by the public sector, i.e. units with sector codes 610, 630, 635, 660 and 680, are included in the statistics if they have activity in one of the abovementioned industries.

Data sources and sampling

For a sample of the enterprises in the population, including all enterprises with more than one local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU), the statistics are based on Trading Statements (NO) and a supplementary questionnaire. The Trading Statements are either attached to the questionnaires or submitted electronically via the Norwegian Internal Revenue Service.

Information, like the accounts and turnover, about the enterprises with only one local KAU outside the sample is obtained from the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund, the VAT Register and/or trading statements (NO) electronically submitted via the Norwegian Internal Revenue Service. The remaining enterprises with only one local KAU are asked to report turnover through the structural survey of Statistics Norway.

From the statistical year 2015 the number of employees is collected via  A-ordningen, where employers are obligated to submit monthly reports for everyone who receives wages and salaries. Previously, these figures were collected through the register of Employers and Employees. These two sources are not directly comparable.

The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises is used to obtain necessary information about the population. The VAT Register, the Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities, information from trade organizations and direct input from the enterprises are used to update the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises.

The population consists of all enterprises in the relevant industry divisions with registered activity in the reference year. The population is divided into subpopulations, called strata, after criteria like industrial classification and number of employees. In some of the strata, all enterprises are always included in the sample. From the remaining strata, a representative selection of enterprises is drawn. All enterprises in this sample are asked to report a full set of Trading Statements and to complete a questionnaire.

This detailed survey of accounting data is combined with the additional information from the various registers and the structural survey of Statistics Norway to form the basis for the estimation of the financial structures of the different industries and the sector as a whole.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The questionnaires are sent out within three months after the end of the statistical year, with a response deadline of three or four weeks. The enterprises that do not respond on the first letter will be given reminders in writing for about a further six months from the first deadline.

Revisions and corrections are carried out on the information obtained from the sample population and the structural survey. The raw data are checked against reports for last year, the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund and other available sources, and by contacting the respondent if necessary.

For the enterprises where a complete NO with supplementary form exists, no variables are estimated. For these enterprises the information in the forms are used.

Afterwards we used the existing data from the annual accounts according to the Register of Annual Company Accounts and split them up into respective sub items according to the relative shares shown in the data from the NO sample. We subsequently took data according to the Structural Survey and from the "VAT Register" into account in the statistical calculation.

The other items are estimated according to the division in the sample (organized by subclass and same size groups with respect to turnover, operating expenditure or other relevant distribution keys).

Enterprises with sales according to the VAT Register or Structural Survey

The NO items are estimated with sales as a key for the enterprises outside the sample where sales are obtained from the "VAT Register" or from the Structural Survey.

Employment figures

Employment figures for the enterprises in the population are mainly obtained via  A-ordningen. If information about employment is not available there it can be calculated from wages and salaries.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

If less than three enterprises/Local KAUs represents a statistical variable, the numbers are not published. The reason is the risk that the units can be identified. This is especially critical when regional data are published.

Comparability over time and space

Preliminary figures for turnover and employment on the enterprise level were published for the first time for the reference year of 2001. Preliminary figures are published while data are still under revision, and may therefore deviate from the final figures that are published within 18 months of the end of the reference year. Preliminary data for the enterprises in the sample that has not yet responded at the time of publishing are estimated by using other sources.

Generally, when making comparisons with previously published figures it must be kept in mind that older data may have been corrected during later revisions. Updating of industries in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises may also have caused revisions for some of the industries. These changes have not been dated back.

From the statistical year 2015 the number of employees is collected via A-ordningen, Previously, these figures were collected through the register of Employers and Employees. These two sources are not directly comparable.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Returned questionnaires are read optically and automatically checked. An optical image of the form is first saved electronically and then checked manually in order to ensure that the primary data are as correct as possible. Nevertheless, the results of a statistical survey may contain some measurement and processing errors.

Measurement errors occur when the provider of the data gives incorrect answers due to forgetfulness, misunderstanding of questions etc.

Processing errors are errors from coding or errors that occur during the transferring of information from the questionnaire to a machine-readable medium or during revisions.

Non-response, that is when the respondent does not return the form or returns the form with incomplete information, will always be an aspect of form-based surveys. In the structural business statistics, non-respondent enterprises are treated the same way as enterprises outside the sample population.

Not relevant

In the structural business statistics, the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund, the VAT Register and the Register of Employees and Employers (the Aa-Register) are used in order to define the population and help collect the necessary data.

Errors in these administrative registers - like time gaps in registration, incorrectly identified unit characteristics etc. may therefore be a potential source of uncertainty in the statistics and may for instance have an impact when dividing the population into adequate strata.

Revision

Not relevant

Contact