280481
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More pupils in private schools
statistikk
2016-12-14T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Immigration and immigrants;Public sector
en
utgrs, Pupils in primary and lower secondary school, primary schools, lower secondary schools, combined schools, special education, private schools, school size, native language training, form of Norwegian language, bokmål, nynorsk, computer accessKOSTRA , Education, Primary and lower secondary schools, Immigration and immigrants, Public sector, Education
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Official statistics on the Norwegian school structure. Learn more about the attendance in private schools, special education and differences between regions in Norway. Yearly publication.

Pupils in primary and lower secondary school

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

11 %

decrease of primary and lower secondary schools since 2006

Primary and lower secondary schools and pupils by ownership. Absolute figures and change in per cent
2016Per cent changePer cent change
2015 - 20162006 - 2016
Primary and lower secondary schools, total2 858-0.3-11.0
Private schools2386.351.6
Public schools2 620-0.6-14.3
 
Pupils, total629 2750.91.3
Pupils in private schools22 7215.052.2
Pupils in public schools606 5540.70.1

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Primary and lower secondary schools. Pupils in primary and lower secondary school

Primary and lower secondary schools. Pupils in primary and lower secondary school
School yearSchools, totalType of schoolPupils
Primary schoolsCombined schoolsLower secondary schoolsPupils, totalPrimary levelLower secondary levelPupils in other classes
20063 2101 932774504621 013431 543189 4700
20073 1811 898777506618 589429 585189 0040
20083 1311 858773500616 139426 769189 3700
20093 0681 802769497615 927424 052191 8750
20103 0281 768763497615 973423 333192 640
20113 0001 749758493614 413423 374191 039
20122 9571 714752491614 894424 993189 901
20132 9071 669748490615 327425 917189 410
20142 8861 656738492618 996430 864188 132
20152 8671 636738493623 755438 387185 368
20162 8581 615746497629 275444 638184 637

Table 2 
Pupils in primary and lower secondary school who receive special education, by county. 1 October

Pupils in primary and lower secondary school who receive special education, by county. 1 October
2016
Pupils, total1st-7th grade8th-10th gradeShare of pupils who receive special education totalShare of pupils who receive special education 1th-7th gradeShare of pupils who receive special education 8th-10th grade
Total629 275444 638184 6377.86.910.2
Østfold35 07724 39510 6827.06.18.9
Akershus81 26157 60423 6576.65.69.0
Oslo65 90648 39017 5167.96.811.0
Hedmark21 75815 0516 7077.36.49.4
Oppland21 39514 6166 7797.46.29.9
Buskerud33 74623 8219 9258.67.511.4
Vestfold29 34320 6028 7418.67.511.3
Telemark19 99413 8336 1618.06.910.3
Aust-Agder14 72810 5464 1829.18.510.4
Vest-Agder23 84916 8856 9647.26.39.3
Rogaland62 25344 48617 7677.77.19.4
Hordaland63 15744 71918 4387.26.49.3
Sogn og Fjordane14 0489 7204 3288.47.710.1
Møre og Romsdal32 77822 8749 9048.67.810.4
Sør-Trøndelag36 63926 04310 5967.96.710.8
Nord-Trøndelag17 16311 9275 2368.87.910.8
Nordland27 94119 3898 5529.68.512.1
Troms - Romsa19 24113 5455 6969.07.911.6
Finnmark - Finnmárku8 7716 0332 73810.28.513.8
Svalbard22715968:::

Table 3 
Pupils who receive special education. Total number and proportion.

Pupils who receive special education. Total number and proportion.
School yearTotal number of pupilsPupils who recieve special education, totalProportion of pupils who recieve special education
2011614 41352 9728.6
2012614 89452 7238.6
2013615 32750 9778.3
2014618 99649 6728.0
2015623 75549 2587.9
2016629 27549 3667.8

Table 4 
Primary and lower secondary pupils and primary and lower secondary schools, by ownership

Primary and lower secondary pupils and primary and lower secondary schools, by ownership
Schools, totalPrivate schoolsPupils, totalPupils in private schools
20063 210157621 01314 930
20073 181162618 58915 417
20083 131155616 13914 565
20093 068156615 92714 965
20103 028165615 97316 310
20113 000172614 41316 684
20122 957185614 89418 190
20132 907195615 32719 105
20142 886208618 99620 436
20152 867224623 75521 648
20162 858238629 27522 721

Table 5 
Schools and pupils by school size. Per cent

Schools and pupils by school size. Per cent
Primary and secondary schoolsPupils
0-99 pupils100-299 pupils300 pupils or more0-99 pupils100-299 pupils300 pupils or more
200933.539.826.78.038.153.9
201032.840.127.17.738.054.3
201132.839.927.37.637.754.7
201232.140.127.77.537.555.0
201331.140.328.77.236.856.0
201430.740.029.37.136.256.7
201530.440.029.66.936.157.0
201629.840.030.26.635.557.9

Table 6 
Pupils with native language training, bilingual education, adapted education and additional training in Norwegian, by county. 1 October

Pupils with native language training, bilingual education, adapted education and additional training in Norwegian, by county. 1 October
2016
Pupils, totalPupils with native language training onlyPupils with native language training and bilingual educationPupils with bilingual education onlyAdapted educationPupils with additional training in Norwegian
Total629 2752 0551 6198 6571 90945 272
Østfold35 077:411 1682302 533
Akershus81 2614554902243 941
Oslo65 906:51 144:13 981
Hedmark21 75818157213191 014
Oppland21 39531342871451 276
Buskerud33 746:14192262 420
Vestfold29 343:345971531 465
Telemark19 994:19650941 231
Aust-Agder14 7288:8321751
Vest-Agder23 84921171271211 503
Rogaland62 2532014551 002553 796
Hordaland63 1571 0991798563454 065
Sogn og Fjordane14 0482812:164745
Møre og Romsdal32 778950297741 570
Sør-Trøndelag36 639408434791461 578
Nord-Trøndelag17 1631712215376749
Nordland27 941231122581701 362
Troms - Romsa19 2411171149316865
Finnmark - Finnmárku8 77124:10129420
Svalbard22700007

Table 7 
Pupils with native language training and additional training in Norwegian

Pupils with native language training and additional training in Norwegian
School yearPupils, totalPupils with mother language training and/or bilingual educationPupils with additional training in Norwegian
2012614 89418 56744 265
2013615 32717 16544 829
2014618 99615 26443 380
2015623 75514 16243 394
2016629 27514 24045 272

Table 8 
Pupils, by official form of Norwegian and county. 1 October

Pupils, by official form of Norwegian and county. 1 October
2016
PupilsOfficial form of Norwegian "bokmål"Official form of Norwegian "nynorsk"Official form of Norwegian "samisk"
Total629 275547 51176 549814
Østfold35 07734 57800
Akershus81 26180 54532
Oslo65 90665 12900
Hedmark21 75821 75410
Oppland21 39517 6293 6920
Buskerud33 74632 8037570
Vestfold29 34329 13100
Telemark19 99417 9791 8610
Aust-Agder14 72813 8127280
Vest-Agder23 84923 0107100
Rogaland62 25347 17114 3211
Hordaland63 15738 80824 2620
Sogn og Fjordane14 04829513 7400
Møre og Romsdal32 77816 23616 4590
Sør-Trøndelag36 63936 23162
Nord-Trøndelag17 16317 107019
Nordland27 94127 914026
Troms - Romsa19 24119 083962
Finnmark - Finnmárku8 7718 0690702
Svalbard22722700

About the statistics

The purpose of the statistics is to provide useful information about the state of primary and lower secondary school. The statistics are meant to cover the need of information of both educational authorities and other interested parties.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Education Act. The Education Act regulates both primary, lower secondary and upper secondary education, including education of adults on corresponding educational levels. The Education Act is in force from the school year of 1999/00.

Primary and lower secondary education. Primary and lower secondary education is obligatory to attend for all. It is also a given right to attend public primary and lower secondary school. The municipality is responsible for the fulfilment of this right for children and youths under the age of 16, according to the Education Act section 13-1. Children are usually enrolled in primary schools the calendar year they complete 6 years of age. Lower secondary school is usually finished after the 10th grade. Primary and lower secondary education includes education of persons above primary and lower secondary school age, that receives education on corresponding levels.

School year. The time allocated to teaching shall not be less than 38 weeks within a framework of 45 consecutive weeks during the school year. The school year normally starts on August 1st each year.

Pupil in primary and lower secondary school. Children and young people that, in accordance with the Education Act section 2-1 have the right and obligation to undertake primary and lower secondary education. This usually applies to children and young people from 6 to 15 years of age. It also includes persons older than 15 who get education on primary or lower secondary school level.

Grade. The grades in primary and lower secondary schools span from 1st to 10th grade. All pupils are transferred to the next grade each year.

Primary/ lower secondary. Primary school consists of 1st to 7th grade. Lower secondary school consists of 8th to 10th grade.

Primary and lower secondary schools. Primary and lower secondary schools are municipal, county municipal or state schools for primary and lower secondary education, according to the Education Act section 13-1, or private (chartered) primary and lower secondary schools approved under the Education Act.

Official form of Norwegian. The official form of Norwegian (bokmål, nynorsk or samisk) used by the school.

Minority language pupils. Refers to persons with other mother tongue than Norwegian or Sami. Mother tongue refers to the language that is used in a person's home.

Mother language training. Mother language training is training in the mother tongue of minority language pupils.

Additional training in Norwegian (for minority language pupils). Additional training in Norwegian for minority language pupils is either an additional training in Norwegian for minority language pupils, or training in Norwegian for minority language pupils as a separate subject, or a combination of the above.

Special Eduacation. Refers to the Education Act § 5-1, which states that pupils who are not able to gain from ordinary education are entitled to special education.

Standard classifications

The Norwegian Standard Classification of Education, which was created by Statistics Norway in 1970, groups the educational activity. The standard has been revised; the latest version is from 2000. The type of educational institution is classified by the International Standard Industrial Classification of all Economic Activities (NOS C 182).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Pupils in primary and lower secondary school
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for Education Statistics

Regional level

The Statistics are published at municipal, county and national level.

Frequency and timeliness

Annually, final numbers in December.

International reporting

The data is delivered to OECD, UNESCO and Eurostat.

Microdata

All education statistics at Statistics Norway is stored in a proper, standardized manner in consultation with the Data Inspectorate.

Background

Background and purpose

The Purpose of GSI is to collect all necessary information for planning and official statistics related to primary and lower secondary education in Norway. All information about education of children and adults on a primary and lower secondary level, in accordance with the Education Act, is to be included in GSI.
From 1992 onwards, GSI is the source for the official statistics.

Prior to 2011 there were two releases of statistics; preliminary and final figures. From 2011 and onwards there is only one release; final figures.

Users and applications

In addition to statistical purposes, the data collected through GSI serves as an important information source for the Ministry of Education and Research, the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training (UDIR), the County Governors and the local governments.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

Data from GSI is also used in KOSTRA and skoleporten

Legal authority

Statistics Act of 16 June 1989 no. 54, Section 2-2 and 2-3, and Act relating to Primary and Secondary Education (Education Act), last amended 30 June 2000, section 14-1.

EEA reference

Regulation (EC) No 0452/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2008 concerning the production and development of statistics on education and learning. Commission Regulation (EU) No 88/2011 of 2 February 2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No 0452/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the production and development of statistics on education and lifelong learning, as regards statistics on education and training systems.

Production

Population

The population includes all primary and lower secondary schools, both private and public. Norwegian schools abroad are not included. Schools without pupils are not included.

Data sources and sampling

The annual collection of data takes place at Grunnskolens informasjonssystem, GSI

Fullscale

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The statistics are based on annual reports by the schools and municipal authorities to central authorities. Every autumn the schools report the situation on October 1 and their plans for the current school year. The reports are collected through the Internet using a web portal run by Waade information systems. The municipal authorities are responsible for the schools under their domain, the County Governors are responsible for privately run schools and the municipalities in their jurisdiction.

Municipal authorities and the education department in each corresponding County Governors office revise the data. There are also controls undertaken by Statistics Norway, and Udir.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant.

Confidentiality

The lowest level for publishing is the municipal level. For special teaching and minority language teaching, cells with less than 3 are not published.

Comparability over time and space

GSI is the source of the primary and lower secondary school statistics from 1992 and later. Tables based on earlier statistics are comparable to tables based on GSI. The time series might be interrupted by changes succeeding amendments to the Education Act. There is no collection of data regarding classes after 2003, as teaching from then on was organized in groups rather than classes. From 2011/2012 special schools and ordinary schools are merged. In order to have comparable figures, special schools and ordinary schools have been merged also for previous years. For this reason, statistics published before 2012, will diverge from the statistics published in 2012.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Errors in data collected from administrative registers can be caused by uncertainties in the definition of variables and values between those responsible for the registers and others responsible for data collection from the registers.

Other sources of error can be the quality of the personal and school data in the registers or the registration process of data input into the registers. Such errors can affect the quality of the data if the control and revision processes in Statistics Norway are not comprehensive enough.

Not relevant.

Revision

Not relevant.

Contact