294434
/en/transport-og-reiseliv/statistikker/stranslag/aar-endelige
294434
statistikk
2017-05-29T08:00:00.000Z
Transport and tourism;Transport and tourism
en
stranslag, Transport and storage, structural business statistics, land transport, sea transport, air transport, postal and courier activities, establishments, enterprises, employees, operational accounts, turnover, wage costs, gross investmentsLand transport , Aviation , Sea transport , Transport and tourism
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Transport and storage, structural business statistics

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Key figures

4.3 %

rise in turnover in the transport and storage industry section

Structural business statistics for transport and storage. Section H. Final results12
2015Change in per cent
2014 - 20152011 - 2015
1Except for 49.5 Transport via pipelines
2Except for 52.215 Services connected to transport via pipelines as of reference year 2010
3Operating income without spesial taxes and profits from the sales of fixed assets. Exclusive of VAT.
4At factor costs
Enterprises
Enterprises (number)21 1100.2-2.3
Employment (number)158 0071.83.7
Turnover (NOK million)3406 337.04.326.2
Value added (NOK million)4151 646.33.728.9
Gross operating surplus (NOK million)64 879.24.433.4
Local KAUs
Local KAUs (number)21 976-0.1-2.0
Employment (number)157 5191.83.7
Turnover (NOK million)3405 339.74.326.3
Personnel costs (NOK million)86 463.72.925.8
Gross investments (NOK million)10 286.1-26.7-67.9

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Transport and storage. Principal figures, by industry subclass (SIC2007). Section H. Local kind-of-activity units

Transport and storage. Principal figures, by industry subclass (SIC2007). Section H. Local kind-of-activity units
Local KAUsEmploymentTurnover (NOK million)Production value (NOK million)Value added (NOK million)Personnel costs (NOK million)Gross investmens in tangible goods (NOK million)
20152014201520142015201420152014201520142015201420152014
1Except for 49.5 Transport via pipelines
2Except for 52.215 Services connected to transport via pipelines as of reference year 2010
Total21 97621 991157 519154 778405 339.7388 511.5403 183.9386 576.3151 133.9145 368.586 463.684 007.410 286.314 032.8
 
49. Land transport115 81615 88973 94171 20480 970.780 013.680 937.079 982.639 657.037 968.927 796.426 648.33 249.44 404.2
49.1 Passenger rail transport57614 0173 9344 991.74 678.74 991.74 678.74 896.84 491.02 747.42 792.4803.41 195.6
49.2 Freight rail transport19185876191 387.01 402.01 387.01 402.0346.8336.4339.8406.3103.111.2
49.3 Other passenger land transport7 0146 92836 65134 89425 865.624 846.725 852.824 831.115 783.314 944.811 265.910 537.1845.81 248.6
49.4 Freight transport by road and removal services8 7268 88232 68631 75748 726.449 086.248 705.549 070.818 630.118 196.713 443.312 912.51 497.11 948.8
 
50. Water transport1 7081 70425 18926 300165 158.4155 795.3164 281.7155 247.357 988.956 906.025 329.124 603.91 373.03 731.2
50.1 Sea and coastal passenger water transport4394359 7489 93614 227.013 325.613 382.612 183.86 627.95 957.85 164.74 588.91 213.2944.3
50.2 Sea and coastal freight water transport1 2521 25415 38716 323150 900.3142 442.1150 868.7143 035.951 347.050 931.020 148.019 999.1161.72 783.6
50.3 Inland passenger water transport1715544131.127.630.427.614.017.216.415.9-1.93.3
 
51. Air transport1541496 7237 17139 178.837 553.839 176.837 547.66 865.96 076.55 300.55 976.21 161.81 011.0
51.1 Passenger air transport1251166 5587 01438 669.136 963.738 667.136 957.56 715.15 946.35 202.05 877.81 076.51 054.3
51.2 Freight air transport and space transport2933165157509.7590.1509.7590.1150.8130.298.598.485.3-43.3
 
52. Warehousing and support activities for transportation22 7742 74331 77730 152102 244.998 509.5101 016.597 209.236 573.934 375.019 450.818 306.54 270.04 576.1
52.1 Warehousing and storage1611511 6181 3923 001.52 688.23 001.62 688.81 072.61 045.4869.5811.1280.180.7
52.2 Support activities for transportation22 6132 59230 15928 76099 243.495 821.398 014.994 520.435 501.333 329.618 581.317 495.43 989.94 495.4
 
53. Postal and courier activities1 5241 50619 88919 95117 786.916 639.317 771.916 589.610 048.210 042.18 586.88 472.5232.1310.3
53.1 Postal activities under universal service obligation262414 03814 29113 415.712 601.613 400.712 580.28 078.28 147.87 081.87 037.3200.8256.0
53.2 Other postal and courier activities1 4981 4825 8515 6604 371.24 037.74 371.24 009.41 970.01 894.31 505.01 435.231.354.3

Table 2 
Transportation and storage. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry group. Section H. Local kind-of-activity units

Transportation and storage. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry group. Section H. Local kind-of-activity units
2015
Total0-1 employed2-4 employed5-9 employed10-19 employed20-49 employed50-249 employed250 or more employed
1Except for 49.5 Transport via pipelines
2Operating income without spesial taxes and profits from the sales of fixed assets. Exclusive of VAT.
3At factor costs
4Except for 52.215 Services connected to transport via pipelines as of reference year 2010
49. Land transport1
Local KAUs15 8167 6615 2801 72862635415017
Employment73 9415 90114 10210 9158 21910 67214 04610 086
Turnover (mill. NOK)280 970.56 839.711 183.410 755.210 261.714 150.415 754.212 025.9
Production value (mill. NOK)80 936.96 833.611 181.410 753.010 255.114 140.815 747.112 025.9
Value-added (mill. NOK)339 656.93 129.85 836.94 809.44 229.96 057.07 395.58 198.4
Personell costs (mill. NOK)27 796.3463.22 944.63 330.33 391.35 055.76 637.05 974.2
Gross investments (mill. NOK)3 249.4204.4272.5322.7314.2530.6598.31 006.7
 
50. Water transport
Local KAUs1 7081 10321212698776725
Employment25 1891775698271 3372 3726 62613 281
Turnover (mill. NOK)2165 158.4108 639.65 076.62 800.33 088.28 517.122 034.215 002.4
Production value (mill. NOK)164 281.8108 621.55 074.82 799.53 087.28 512.722 009.714 176.4
Value-added (mill. NOK)357 988.836 811.63 027.61 186.01 739.61 779.85 594.27 850.0
Personell costs (mill. NOK)25 329.18 347.6903.3804.2936.91 641.75 783.66 911.8
Gross investments (mill. NOK)1 373.0-572.0405.036.279.4126.0340.6957.8
 
51. Air transport
Local KAUs1546411151523197
Employment6 72320281012067591 8893 720
Turnover (mill. NOK)239 178.8292.8115.8364.4791.63 301.97 189.527 122.8
Production value (mill. NOK)39 176.9292.8115.8364.4791.63 301.97 189.327 121.1
Value-added (mill. NOK)36 866.058.922.991.9110.5723.93 508.32 349.6
Personell costs (mill. NOK)5 300.55.015.671.0184.0523.61 732.82 768.5
Gross investments (mill. NOK)1 161.861.0-0.734.144.359.6247.5716.0
 
52. Warehousing and support activities for transportation4
Local KAUs2 7741 20554038532819610614
Employment31 7774781 5582 5664 5956 13010 4705 980
Turnover (mill. NOK)2102 244.912 693.95 559.98 060.412 397.617 479.929 334.516 718.7
Production value (mill. NOK)101 016.512 690.85 562.08 060.312 415.317 499.928 036.416 751.8
Value-added (mill. NOK)336 573.97 420.91 287.22 266.03 740.05 386.910 048.36 424.6
Personell costs (mill. NOK)19 450.9447.2776.71 445.32 996.73 494.36 780.23 510.5
Gross investments (mill. NOK)4 269.8989.3204.7118.9877.3628.7514.8936.1
 
53. Postal and courier activities
Local KAUs1 5241 0852687730252019
Employment19 8897656624784067012 37814 499
Turnover (mill. NOK)217 786.9606.4505.3621.2524.0483.91 770.813 275.3
Production value (mill. NOK)17 771.9606.4505.3621.2524.0483.91 770.413 260.7
Value-added (mill. NOK)310 048.2288.7221.9190.7188.9248.1836.08 073.9
Personell costs (mill. NOK)8 586.827.3120.5143.5138.2227.5825.37 104.5
Gross investments (mill. NOK)232.111.46.52.38.10.97.4195.5

Table 3 
Transport and storage. Principal figures, by county. Section H. Local kind-of-activity units

Transport and storage. Principal figures, by county. Section H. Local kind-of-activity units1
2015
Local KAUsEmploymentTurnover (mill. NOK)2Production value (mill. NOK)Value-added (mill. NOK)3Personell costs (mill. NOK)Gross investments (mill. NOK)
1Few local KAU's in some countys results in hidden values on section, because of the confidentiality on division at two-digit NACE.
2Operating income without spesial taxes and profits from the sales of fixed assets. Exclusive of VAT.
3At factor costs
4Except for 49.5 Transport via pipelines
5Except for 52.215 Services connected to transport via pipelines as of reference year 2010
Total4521 976157 519..........
 
Østfold1 1365 683..........
Akershus2 82822 02681 883.680 550.817 582.712 077.31 805.2
Oslo3 41826 74276 547.876 309.729 263.015 195.7548.5
Hedmark7493 871..........
Oppland8014 277..........
Buskerud1 1105 58510 49810 510.15 174.42 388.0265.9
Vestfold8845 772..........
Telemark6213 272..........
Aust-Agder3872 720..........
Vest-Agder6733 904..........
Rogaland1 78415 83941 292.641 281.119 028.910 052.23 046.1
Hordaland2 30915 21566 826.966 830.823 078.510 080.5-995.5
Sogn og Fjordane4714 502..........
Møre og Romsdal1 0168 903..........
Sør-Trøndelag1 1497 196..........
Nord-Trøndelag5383 6875 429.45 437.02 240.81 596.6258.7
Nordland9647 637..........
Troms6836 157..........
Finnmark4343 6793 535.93 533.71 934.71 442.4509.7
Other Norwegian territories21852..........

Table 4 
Transport and storage. Principal figures, by industry subclass (SIC2007). Section H. Enterprises

Transport and storage. Principal figures, by industry subclass (SIC2007). Section H. Enterprises
EnterprisesEmploymentTurnover (mill. NOK)Production value (NOK million)Value-added (mill. NOK)Gross operating surplus (mill. NOK)Personnel costs (mill. NOK)
20152014201520142015201420152014201520142015201420152014
1Except for 49.5 Transport via pipelines
2Except for 52.215 Services connected to transport via pipelines as of reference year 2010
Total1221 11021 058158 007155 143406 337.0389 457.4403 568.0387 090.7151 646.3146 249.964 879.262 118.686 767.184 131.6
 
49. Land transport115 49115 53373 87670 44180 627.878 347.080 020.677 870.139 763.838 312.412 064.712 127.727 699.126 184.8
49.1 Passenger rail transport564 0173 9344 991.74 678.74 991.74 678.74 896.84 491.02 149.41 698.62 747.42 792.4
49.2 Freight rail transport655876191 387.01 402.01 387.01 402.0346.8336.47.0-69.9339.8406.3
49.3 Other passenger land transport6 8496 74037 22035 05526 689.425 485.426 219.625 125.016 234.315 781.44 672.55 146.211 561.810 635.3
49.4 Freight transport by road and removal services8 6318 78232 05230 83347 559.746 780.947 422.346 664.418 285.917 703.65 235.85 352.813 050.112 350.8
 
50. Water transport1 6721 65924 94226 432165 858.7156 314.3164 981.6155 812.458 478.656 890.133 075.432 210.125 403.224 680.0
50.1 Sea and coastal passenger water transport4134069 3799 91114 171.713 315.913 326.912 174.26 801.15 951.41 865.01 385.84 936.14 565.6
50.2 Sea and coastal freight water transport1 2411 23715 50916 480151 655.8142 970.7151 624.2143 610.551 663.450 921.431 212.730 822.920 450.720 098.5
50.3 Inland passenger water transport1816544131.227.730.527.714.117.3-2.31.416.415.9
 
51. Air transport100947 0457 55839 241.638 019.839 239.438 013.47 128.76 458.21 598.2342.95 530.56 115.4
51.1 Passenger air transport78686 8707 39438 718.337 420.438 716.137 414.06 972.96 326.11 544.5311.75 428.46 014.4
51.2 Freight air transport an space transport2226175164523.3599.4523.3599.4155.8132.153.731.2102.1101.0
 
52. Warehousing and support activities for transportation22 3772 32332 23730 739102 835.7100 074.6101 568.298 743.736 221.034 550.416 679.115 881.919 541.918 668.4
52.1 Warehousing and storage1491391 6181 3962 972.42 696.32 972.62 696.91 065.5985.2195.6172.7869.9812.4
52.2 Support activities for transportation2 2282 18430 61929 34399 863.397 378.398 595.696 046.835 155.533 565.216 483.515 709.218 672.017 856.0
 
53. Postal and courier activities1 4701 44919 90719 97317 773.316 701.617 758.316 650.910 054.110 039.01 461.81 556.48 592.38 482.6
53.1 Postal activities under universal service obligation7514 03814 29113 415.712 601.613 400.712 580.28 078.28 147.8996.41 110.57 081.87 037.3
53.2 Other postal and courier activities1 4631 4445 8695 6824 357.64 100.04 357.64 070.71 975.91 891.2465.4445.91 510.51 445.3

Table 5 
Transportation and storage. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry group. Section H. Enterprises

Transportation and storage. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry group. Section H. Enterprises
2015
Total0-1 employed2-4 employed5-9 employed10-19 employed20-49 employed50-249 employed250 or more employed
1Except for 49.5 Transport via pipelines
2Operating income without spesial taxes and profits from the sales of fixed assets. Exclusive of VAT.
3At factor costs
4Except for 52.215 Services connected to transport via pipelines as of reference year 2010
49. Land transport1
Enterprises15 4917 6225 2351 6845712698723
Employment (persons)73 8765 87813 96610 6227 5118 0168 37419 509
Turnover (mill. NOK)280 627.96 476.710 799.910 305.59 281.911 606.212 096.420 061.3
Production value (mill. NOK)80 020.56 470.710 798.010 294.69 266.611 558.412 024.319 607.9
Value-added (mill. NOK)339 763.62 984.15 691.24 645.43 856.14 598.24 884.113 104.5
Personell costs (mill. NOK)27 699.2424.22 867.63 212.23 092.43 815.04 090.810 197.0
Gross investments (mill. NOK)3 383.4195.7263.5318.9267.3347.5492.61 497.9
 
50. Water transport
Enterprises1 6721 09721111894666125
Employment (persons)24 9421735647691 2852 0486 16313 940
Turnover (mill. NOK)2165 858.8108 289.35 046.72 415.93 062.17 474.923 536.116 033.8
Production value (mill. NOK)164 981.5108 271.25 040.12 415.83 061.37 470.923 517.815 204.4
Value-added (mill. NOK)358 478.736 671.93 019.31 079.41 701.41 909.65 422.48 674.7
Personell costs (mill. NOK)25 403.28 325.1887.5751.9894.81 555.95 532.27 455.8
Gross investments (mill. NOK)1 231.8-572.2400.435.654.9121.0193.1999.0
 
51. Air transport
Enterprises10055896958
Employment (persons)7 045161961802793876 203
Turnover (mill. NOK)239 241.6150.8122.4147.1293.1462.11 357.736 708.4
Production value (mill. NOK)39 239.4150.8122.4147.1293.1462.11 357.736 706.2
Value-added (mill. NOK)37 128.621.417.552.47.1151.1297.26 581.9
Personell costs (mill. NOK)5 530.53.510.241.561.9168.0287.14 958.3
Gross investments (mill. NOK)1 219.660.4-0.74.915.030.51.61 107.9
 
52. Warehousing and support activities for transportation4
Enterprises2 3771 1554753072211257321
Employment (persons)32 2374511 3612 0253 0283 9307 24214 200
Turnover (mill. NOK)2102 835.711 576.94 673.06 321.78 142.510 645.125 240.436 236.1
Production value (mill. NOK)101 568.111 564.84 673.26 320.48 143.210 605.523 878.436 382.6
Value-added (mill. NOK)336 221.16 627.21 114.81 594.22 481.23 503.68 157.412 742.7
Personell costs (mill. NOK)19 542.0122.8623.51 079.21 870.62 139.64 706.19 000.2
Gross investments (mill. NOK)4 294.4756.0131.150.9251.2172.3331.02 601.9
 
53. Postal and courier activities
Enterprises1 4701 086263692016124
Employment (persons)19 9077676504172664741 38315 950
Turnover (mill. NOK)2..606.9434.2399.0..390.21 487.8..
Production value (mill. NOK)..606.9434.2399.0..390.21 487.8..
Value-added (mill. NOK)3..288.8206.5140.1..202.3504.5..
Personell costs (mill. NOK)..27.3114.7120.7..177.2452.0..
Gross investments (mill. NOK)..11.46.52.1..0.91.5..

About the statistics

Structural business statistics for the transport and storage industry section cover land, water and air transport, as well as warehousing, and postal and courier industry divisions. Local kind-of-activity units and enterprises are included.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Enterprise

In the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) an enterprise is the smallest combination of legal entities that is an organizational unit producing goods or services, which benefits from a certain degree of autonomy in decision making.

Local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU)

SIC defines a local KAU as a functional unit, which at a single physical location is engaged primarily in activities within a specific activity group.

Location

Location is in accordance with municipal borders dated from the 1 st of January 2005. In some industry divisions an enterprise can do business in several municipalities and counties without being divided into several KAUs. In such cases the enterprise's combined operations are registered where the enterprise has its office address.

Owners without regular pay who work for the enterprise on a daily basis

Owners include owners of sole proprietorships, or general partnerships, and family members who work for the enterprise on a daily basis without receiving regular wages. Co-owners of limited companies and cooperatives who are paid for working for the enterprise are not included, nor are family members of owners of sole proprietorships or general partnerships when they receive regular wages.

Employees

The number of employees is mainly obtained from the Register of Employees and Employers (the Aa-Register), see section 3.6. An employee is a person that works for an employer and receives compensation in the form of wages, pay, fee, bonuses, payment in kind etc. There are conditions that the work should last for at least six days and that the employee must be employed on average four or more hours a week for the employee to be notifiable to the Aa-register. The number of employees in the structural statistics shows an average of the number that has been employed throughout the year.

Employment

Employment figures for enterprises are mainly obtained from the Register of Employees and Employers (the Aa-Register), but some are estimated on the basis of the enterprises’ wage costs or turnover. The Employment figures are revised, based on information from other sources before dissemination.

Part-time employees

Employees are defined as part-time if they work less than 30 hours per week.

Man-years

The figures include the number of man-years worked by employees in an enterprise.

Turnover/sales

Turnover is defined as the sum of remuneration for rendering of services to customers and sales of merchandise, and gross income from other activities. Rental income, commissions and special taxes are included, while subsidies and profits from sales of business assets are not. VAT is not included in the statistics.

Merchandise

Merchandise is goods bought and resold with no added value.

Compensation of employees

Compensation of employees includes wages, holiday pay, fees, etc., employer's national insurance contribution, reportable pension costs and other personnel costs. Compensation of employees does not include remuneration to owners of sole proprietorships or partnerships or to family members without regular wages.

Production value

Production value means sales corrected for changes in stocks of finished goods, work in progress, and goods and services purchased for resale. Purchases of goods and services for resale are deducted, while capitalized own investment work is added.

Value added

Value added is figured as the sum of production value less the purchase of goods and services (for other goods and services than those purchased for resale) and special public taxes, and corrected for changes in stocks of raw materials and consumer goods. Special public subsidies for manufactured/sold merchandise and other public subsidies/reimbursements are included.

Gross investments

Gross investments are the total value of new capital goods such as buildings and plant, machinery, tools, implements, software, vehicles (except for personal use), both new and used. Improvements are added while sales of used capital stock are deducted. Investment figures are minus incoming value added tax.

Acquisitions

This includes investments in new assets and improvements of own assets.

New investments include all newly acquired fixed assets acquired and completed in the course of the year, excluding investments in unimproved property. In assessing the value of the business asset, cost price is used for purchases and production cost for own manufactures. Acquisitions through financial leasing are included when the asset is entered as an asset in the balance sheet.

Improvement of own assets includes the value of all capitalized improvements and major repairs purchased and executed by others and/or undertaken by own employees on own business assets. A precondition is that such improvements increase the efficiency/value of and/or prolong the lifetime of the business asset. The improvement is estimated at purchase price at time of purchase or at production cost when it is manufactured.

Sale of business assets

Sale of business assets is estimated at the sales value (replacement value) upon realization of used business assets over the course of the year. The amount includes investment tax. The business asset is regarded as sold when it is delivered.

Standard classifications

The Standard Industrial Classification ( SN2007 ) used in Statistics Norway is based on the EU´s NACE-standard.

Earlier time series with figures up to 2007 are published according to SN2002 (based on EU's NACE Rev.1.).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Transport and storage, structural business statistics
Topic: Transport and tourism

Responsible division

Transport, tourism and ICT statistics

Regional level

National level. Region and county level for some of the main variables.

Frequency and timeliness

Frequency: Annual

Timeliness: Data pertains to the statistical year of 2015. Final figures are normally published 17 months after the last month of the statistical year. Preliminary figures on employment and turnover are published 10 months after the last month of the statistical year.

International reporting

The statistics are reported to EUROSTAT.

Microdata

Primary data and the compiled statistics are stored temporarily in the programming language SAS, and stored permanently as text-files.

Background

Background and purpose

The structural business statistics for transportation and storage are a part of the industrial statistics of Statistics Norway, and present detailed information about the activities in this sector on the basis of financial information. Transportation and storage is classified under industry section H: Transportation and storage.

The statistics are compiled in accordance with the EU regulation on structural business statistics, and were first published for parts of the sector in 1998. Since 1999 final results have been published on both the enterprise level and the local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU) level.

Preliminary figures for turnover and employment on the enterprise level were published for the first time for 2001, in accordance with the EU regulation.

Users and applications

Users include public and private sector agencies, private organizations, individuals and international organizations such as EUROSTAT, as well as the National Accounts and other divisions of Statistics Norway.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in  the Statistics Release Calendar

Coherence with other statistics

The structural business statistics for transportation and storage are adapted to the EU regulation on structural business statistics, in the same way as the structural business statistics for wholesale and retail trade, business activities and construction that are also compiled by Statistics Norway.

When making comparisons with other statistics for employment, for instance the labour force survey at Statistics Norway or statistics based on the Register of Employees and Employers, it must be kept in mind that definitions and methodology varies between the statistics. The structural business statistics are compiled according to definitions given by the EU regulation on structural business statistics (see section 4.2).

The structural business statistics are used as a base when making the National accounts.

See accounts statistics for information about non-financial limited companies in the information sector

Legal authority

The Statistics Act, Sections 2-2 and 2-3

EEA reference

Regulation 295/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning structural business statistics amended by Regulation 251/2009, 517/2013 and 446/2014

 

Production

Population

The structural business statistics for Transportation and storage are organized according to the NACE-standard (see section 4.3) and include the following industry divisions:

49 Land transport (except of 49.5 and 52.215 Transport via pipelines).

50 Water transport.

51 Air transport.

52 Supporting and auxiliary transport activities

53 Post and telecommunications

The structural business statistics comprise most of the enterprises which are registered in the abovementioned industry divisions, as long as the enterprise was registered with activity in Norway in the relevant statistical year.

The exception is enterprises within the public service sectors 6100 and 6500. Such units are not included in the structural business statistics for construction even though they should happen to have operations in the abovementioned industry.

However, all other enterprises in the public sector or owned by the public sector, i.e. units with sector codes 1110, 1120, 1510 og 1520, are included in the statistics if they have activity in the abovementioned industry.  Sectorcode

 

Data sources and sampling

For a sample of enterprises in the population, including all enterprises with more than one local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU), the statistics are based on Trading Statements (NO) and a supplementary questionnaire. The Trading Statements are either attached to the questionnaires or submitted electronically via the Norwegian Internal Revenue Service.

Information, like the accounts and turnover, about the enterprises with only one local KAU outside the sample is obtained from the following sources:

- trading statements (NO) electronically submitted via the Norwegian Internal Revenue Service

- the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund

- the VAT Register

Starting with the reference year 2004, employment figures for enterprises included in the sample are collected from the Register of Employees and Employers (the Aa-register).

The Register of Establishments and Enterprises at Statistics Norway is used to obtain necessary information about the population. The VAT Register, the Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities, information from trade organizations and direct input from the enterprises are used to update the Register of Establishments and Enterprises.

Starting with the year 2008, figures for gross investments are collected from the Write-off blankett RF 1048B from the tax authority.

The population consists of all enterprises in the relevant industry divisions with registered activity in the reference year. The population is divided into subpopulations, called strata, after criteria like industrial classification and number of employees. In some of the strata, all enterprises are always included in the sample. From the remaining strata, a representative selection of enterprises is drawn. All enterprises in this sample are asked to report a full set of Trading Statements and to complete a questionnaire.

This detailed survey of accounting data is combined with the additional information from the various registers and the structural survey of Statistics Norway to form the basis for the estimation of the financial structures of the different industries.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

A complete set of statements (NO with supplementary forms) is obtained from a sample of enterprises.

The supplementary forms are collected by postal questionnaires, and it is possible to report data on the Internet. The questionnaires are sent out in April/May after the end of the statistical year, with a response deadline of four or five weeks.  Enterprises which do not respond on the first letter will be given reminders within further six months from the first deadline.

For other enterprises, sales figures and other essential accounting data are obtained from Trading Statements (NO) submitted electronically via the Norwegian Internal Revenue Service or from annual accounts in the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund. Sales figures are furthermore obtained from enterprises in the "VAT Register".

Editing and corrections are carried out on the information obtained from the sample population and structural survey. The raw data are checked against reports from the last year, the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund and other available sources, and by contacting the respondents if necessary.

No variables are estimated for enterprises having a complete NO with supplementary form.  For these enterprises the information from the forms is used.

For enterprises outside the sample which submit Trading Statements electronically, only data for supplementary forms are estimated. Existing data from the annual accounts are used then according to the Register of Annual Company Accounts and are split up into respective sub-items according to the relative shares shown in the data from the NO sample. Thus, data from the Structural Survey and "VAT Register" are taken into account in the statistical calculation. Turnover and employment are considered as known variables for all enterprises and are therefore used as a basis for computing missing variables. Previously an industry's mean based on sample units was used to estimate missing data for non-sample unit similar (ratio estimates). As of the statistical year 2011 the method is based on finding a sample unit similar to the non-sample unit to be estimated, based on set of criteria, and using the sample-unit to estimate the missing values (nearest neighbour estimation). The nearest neighbour criterion is industry combined with the turnover/employment ratio, in that order.

The other items are estimated according to the division in the sample (organized by subclass and same size groups with respect to turnover, operating expenditure or other relevant distribution keys).

Enterprises with sales according to the VAT Register or Structural Survey

The NO items are estimated with sales as a key for the enterprises outside the sample where sales are obtained from the "VAT Register" or from the Structural Survey.

Employment figures

Employment figures for the enterprises are mainly obtained from the Register of Employees and Employers (the Aa-Register), but some are estimated on the basis of the enterprises’ wage costs or turnover. The Employment figures are revised, based on information from other sources, before dissemination.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

If less than three enterprises/ local KAU's represent a statistical variable, no economic variables are published. The reason is the risk that units can be identified. This is especially critical when regional data are published.

Comparability over time and space

Preliminary figures are published while data are still under revision, and may therefore deviate from the final figures which are published within 17 months of the end of the reference year. Preliminary data for enterprises in the sample which have not yet responded at the time of publishing are estimated by using of other sources.

Generally, when making comparisons with previously published figures, it must be kept in mind that older data may have been corrected during later revisions. Updating of industries in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises may also cause revisions for some of the industries. These changes are not dated back.

Until 2003, enterprises in the sample reported employment figures via postal questionnaires. Starting with the reference year 2004, employment figures for enterprises included in the sample are collected tfrom the Register of Employees and Employers (the Aa-register).

The method of calculation of owners has been changed from 2005. Until 2005, for enterprises which were not limited companies (i.e. general partnerships, sole proprietorships and general partnerships with shared liability), and had a turnover between NOK 11 000 and 100 000, one owner was estimated for the enterprise. From 2005 no owners are estimated for enterprises with a turnover less than NOK 150 000.

In previous years gross investments were calculated from enterprises in the sample to the entire population. Starting with the year 2008, figures for gross investments are collected from the Write-off blankett RF 1048B from the tax authority. This source provides more correct figures for gross investments.

The Standard Industrial Classification 2002 (SIC2002) was used including the reference year 2007. From the reference year 2008, The Standard Industrial Classification 2007 (SIC2007) is employed. This means that not all industries are comparable backwards. Earlier time series with figures up to 2007 are published according to SN2002 (based on EU's NACE Rev.1.). Many of the industries which according to the new industrial standard (SN2007) constitute can be retrieved in StatBank in accordance to the previous standard. See Transport and tourism .

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The results of a statistical survey will as a rule contain some measurement and processing errors. Measurement errors occur when the provider of the data gives erroneous answers due to forgetfulness, misunderstanding of the question etc.

Processing errors are errors from coding or errors that occur during the transferring of information from the questionnaire to the machine-readable medium or during revision.

Non-response will always be a factor in form-based surveys. This is because some respondents either do not return their forms or return them incompletely filled out. In the structural business statistics, non-respondent enterprises are treated the same way as enterprises outside the sample population.

Sampling errors is the uncertainty that occurs when the figures are produced on the basis of a sample of data, and not the whole population. The sampling error is the expected deviation between the result of the sample and the result if the whole population were examined.

Imbalances in the sample (e.g. misleading stratification) can cause errors for the variables for which information has not been obtained for all units in the population. Statistics Norway assumes explicitly by the imputation that enterprises outside the sample have the same cost and income structure as enterprises in the sample.

The variables in the preliminary figures (number of enterprises, employment and turnover) are based on a full census, and sampling errors are not relevant for these variables.

In the structural business statistics, the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund, the VAT Register and the Register of Employees and Employers (the AA Register) are used in order to define the population and help collect the necessary data.

Errors in these administrative registers - like time gaps in registration, incorrectly identified unit characteristics etc. may therefore be a potential source of uncertainty in the statistics and may for instance have an impact when dividing the population into adequate strata.

Revision

Transport and storage, structural business statistics are published annually.

Preliminary figures are normally published about ten months after the end of the statistical year. This publication includes number of enterprises, turnover and employment for enterprises only.

Final figures produced after revision of the preliminary figures are normally published sixteen to seventeen months after the end of the statistical year. More variables are included in this statistics. Figures for both enterprises and local kind of activities are presented. 

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