293889
/en/natur-og-miljo/statistikker/strandsone/aar
293889
statistikk
2017-07-03T08:00:00.000Z
Nature and the environment;Construction, housing and property
en
strandsone, Construction in the coastal zone, accessible coastal area, coast line, dispensations, waterwaysArea , Construction , Nature and the environment, Construction, housing and property
true

Construction in the coastal zone

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

68.7 %

share of potentially accessible coastal area

Land use in the coastal zone, status 1 January. Per cent. Decare.
2005201020152016
Coastal zone influenced by buildings, railways, roads and agriculture
Proportion30.230.831.331.3
Area1 255 4731 282 8751 301 4461 304 360
Potentially accessible coastal zone
Proportion69.869.268.768.7
Area2 906 6832 879 2812 860 7102 857 796

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Applications for new buildings along the coastal zone outside urban areas. Number approved and rejected

Applications for new buildings along the coastal zone outside urban areas. Number approved and rejected
 No. of applications processedNo. of applications consistent with plans approvedNo. of applications that include exemptions approvedNo. of applications that include exemption rejectedApplications that include exemptions, percentage approved
20122 3981 0381 14421684
20132 3021 08299422681
20142 4921 1941 10719185
20151 67981171914983
20161 39940984214885

Table 2 
Number of building start permits granted in the coastal zone per year. The whole country and county

Number of building start permits granted in the coastal zone per year. The whole country and county
2011201220132014201520161
1Figures are preliminary due to delays in the registration of building start permits in the Cadastre (Matrikkelen)
2Category not applicable.
 
The whole country4 6574 6734 5784 1693 8393 498
Østfold1368395789168
Akershus737978956083
Oslo352421201227
Hedmark2
Oppland2
Buskerud263320352219
Vestfold163121149178144141
Telemark115161901159577
Aust-Agder172255203159199171
Vest-Agder316285282208278233
Rogaland542500476395420338
Hordaland947879970796744620
Sogn og Fjordane239230227206205154
Møre og Romsdal549561582536411430
Sør-Trøndelag283293273231237260
Nord-Trøndelag196170190222188212
Nordland501569554541459461
Troms - Romsa270347302274223146
Finnmark - Finnmárku948366805158

Table 3 
Land use in coastal area divided by technical influence. Status as of 1st of January. Municipality. Per cent

Land use in coastal area divided by technical influence. Status as of 1st of January. Municipality. Per cent
2016Differentiated management of the coastal zoneAll gradientsNot very large angle of gradient (<25)Very large angle of gradient (>25)
MunicipalityArea divided by pressure on land1Road surfaceRailway surfaceCultivated landInfluence area around buildings < 50 mPotentially accessible coastal areaPotentially accessible coastal area
1Find explanation of ”Area divided by pressure on land” in the article.
HaldenA2.81.02.440.239.314.2
MossA3.11.18.134.548.15.0
SarpsborgA1.60.017.156.921.82.6
FredrikstadA2.30.07.346.142.12.1
HvalerA1.20.03.249.643.92.0
RådeA1.90.019.541.636.40.5
RyggeA2.90.111.860.124.60.6
VestbyA3.10.02.374.018.22.4
ÅsA7.40.04.659.722.95.5
FrognA3.10.01.770.716.87.7
NesoddenA3.10.00.270.812.613.3
OppegårdA4.70.01.450.640.13.0
BærumA7.10.10.059.333.30.2
AskerA5.10.04.768.820.31.1
Oslo municipalityA11.01.30.456.330.20.8
DrammenA10.23.02.459.424.90.0
LierA4.30.812.834.745.81.5
RøykenA6.50.05.263.516.38.6
HurumA4.10.00.859.729.85.6
HortenA4.80.03.035.952.43.9
HolmestrandA8.93.51.252.623.810.0
TønsbergA6.50.010.843.738.70.3
Sandefjord (-2016)A2.70.09.353.431.03.5
LarvikA2.50.17.944.941.43.2
SvelvikA7.20.08.554.324.75.2
Sande (Vestf.)A4.30.114.060.619.71.3
ReA2.00.212.728.339.417.2
Stokke (-2016)A2.40.022.830.440.73.7
NøtterøyA3.50.010.862.620.52.6
TjømeA2.00.02.358.434.72.5
PorsgrunnA4.20.22.454.628.210.4
SkienA4.10.00.833.837.324.1
BambleA3.10.01.655.033.46.9
KragerøA1.70.02.947.637.810.0
RisørB1.80.02.540.835.319.6
GrimstadB2.10.05.046.542.24.2
ArendalB3.50.02.056.333.44.8
TvedestrandB2.30.01.352.232.611.6
LillesandB2.10.03.044.043.57.4
KristiansandB4.50.12.149.436.96.9
MandalB3.00.03.643.639.810.1
FarsundB1.90.05.518.241.133.3
FlekkefjordB2.00.14.227.122.344.4
SøgneB2.90.02.951.030.213.0
LindesnesB2.30.04.127.039.027.6
LyngdalB2.40.05.721.736.633.7
KvinesdalB2.30.02.012.620.662.4
EigersundB2.80.212.725.150.48.9
SandnesB3.10.45.147.230.313.8
StavangerB6.91.012.153.825.80.4
HaugesundB3.60.013.732.246.04.5
SokndalB1.50.03.419.434.241.4
B1.00.024.39.663.61.5
KleppB0.50.028.16.365.10.0
GjesdalC0.90.08.45.710.474.5
SolaB3.20.037.521.437.30.5
RandabergB2.90.032.229.435.30.2
ForsandC1.40.05.310.715.067.7
StrandB3.00.011.235.437.213.2
HjelmelandC2.00.011.716.125.045.3
SuldalC1.50.07.413.427.150.6
SaudaC4.20.01.228.221.944.6
FinnøyB1.50.029.616.343.98.7
RennesøyB2.70.053.312.327.54.1
KvitsøyC2.00.066.110.920.90.1
BoknC1.40.016.99.767.84.1
TysværB2.00.014.923.248.811.1
KarmøyB2.80.024.332.937.82.2
UtsiraC0.70.016.05.776.31.3
VindafjordC2.60.017.123.737.019.6
BergenB6.30.45.059.620.88.0
EtneC2.60.014.119.423.140.9
SveioC1.60.011.122.154.910.3
BømloC1.50.05.417.160.715.3
StordC3.00.08.125.750.013.2
FitjarC1.80.06.727.649.314.6
TysnesC1.40.07.218.850.522.2
KvinnheradC2.80.012.419.341.024.5
JondalC3.70.010.327.134.024.9
OddaC9.00.14.832.615.837.6
UllensvangC6.20.028.816.417.731.0
EidfjordC5.00.03.510.519.062.1
UlvikC3.70.011.111.617.056.6
GranvinC5.50.07.710.516.959.4
VossC1.00.05.42.414.576.8
KvamC5.50.016.230.019.329.1
FusaC2.50.011.124.537.924.0
SamnangerC3.20.09.031.431.824.6
Os (Hord.)B2.70.04.842.635.114.7
AustevollC1.40.04.018.060.915.7
SundB1.40.05.021.360.312.0
FjellB2.10.04.538.042.013.5
AskøyB3.40.06.247.533.39.5
VaksdalC2.40.66.913.814.861.5
ModalenC1.30.05.16.619.068.0
OsterøyC2.50.09.825.721.640.4
MelandB1.60.011.328.945.612.6
ØygardenB1.70.06.819.364.87.4
RadøyC1.20.019.916.353.39.3
LindåsB1.80.09.720.849.917.8
AustrheimC1.60.011.518.761.66.7
FedjeC1.80.011.726.856.23.4
MasfjordenC1.90.07.415.243.432.1
FloraC2.70.010.817.044.924.6
GulenC1.90.09.110.864.713.5
SolundC0.70.06.46.258.528.2
HyllestadC2.20.013.710.548.625.0
HøyangerC4.20.011.615.127.042.1
VikC3.10.014.410.918.353.3
BalestrandC4.80.022.511.727.034.0
LeikangerC6.80.017.519.517.738.5
SogndalC3.00.015.310.620.650.5
AurlandC2.20.17.18.114.867.8
LærdalC3.10.04.66.012.673.7
ÅrdalC3.50.03.48.015.269.9
LusterC3.40.014.014.319.249.2
AskvollC2.00.021.511.052.113.3
FjalerC2.30.018.816.349.113.5
GaularC3.70.039.412.615.129.3
FørdeC5.30.016.823.118.636.2
NaustdalC3.40.025.414.321.935.0
BremangerC2.80.015.410.038.233.5
VågsøyC3.30.012.019.330.734.8
SeljeC2.70.022.411.430.632.8
EidC5.20.016.415.722.440.3
GloppenC4.00.019.513.118.045.3
StrynC5.40.012.317.820.444.0
MoldeB3.40.018.021.847.29.6
ÅlesundB4.70.010.439.339.36.3
KristiansundB3.30.012.833.042.28.8
VanylvenC5.80.044.015.228.96.2
Sande (M. og R.)C3.30.030.114.840.011.9
Herøy (M. og R.)C3.50.014.422.644.415.2
UlsteinC3.20.018.319.449.99.3
HareidC4.10.06.725.047.317.0
VoldaC4.60.018.913.825.237.5
ØrstaC4.40.018.512.822.841.6
ØrskogC4.20.013.817.336.827.9
NorddalC2.00.03.86.112.275.9
StrandaC0.90.01.65.48.283.9
StordalC2.70.02.26.311.377.6
SykkylvenC3.90.016.323.527.428.8
SkodjeC2.60.09.421.753.712.5
SulaC3.90.018.030.737.69.8
GiskeC3.00.032.014.746.43.9
HaramC2.20.025.411.856.44.2
VestnesC3.80.029.624.339.52.9
RaumaC5.10.224.414.829.525.9
NessetC3.60.014.517.631.732.6
MidsundC2.00.019.814.357.96.0
SandøyC1.70.026.519.552.10.2
AukraC1.50.016.314.863.24.2
FrænaC1.80.030.414.352.21.3
EideC2.70.028.016.250.52.6
AverøyC2.00.017.518.357.84.3
GjemnesC3.80.032.313.238.911.7
TingvollC2.30.016.917.339.324.2
SunndalC3.40.011.715.232.237.6
SurnadalC3.20.021.224.128.123.4
HalsaC3.30.021.118.743.213.7
SmølaC1.20.011.79.677.10.4
AureC1.80.014.713.853.416.3
TrondheimB6.11.124.433.428.66.4
HemneC2.80.012.522.637.724.4
SnillfjordC2.00.010.516.436.634.5
HitraB1.40.09.117.365.17.1
FrøyaB1.30.07.317.070.24.2
ØrlandB1.80.046.811.934.84.7
AgdenesC2.80.019.519.043.914.9
RissaB3.00.033.321.331.510.9
BjugnB1.80.022.515.951.28.6
ÅfjordC1.80.017.613.154.413.1
RoanC2.10.010.916.745.025.4
OsenC1.70.07.56.947.236.8
OrkdalB6.50.014.631.334.712.9
MelhusB3.70.055.710.130.40.1
SkaunB8.60.013.637.325.115.4
MalvikB6.34.010.944.330.54.0
SteinkjerB4.20.527.725.038.34.4
NamsosC1.90.19.116.746.325.9
StjørdalB5.41.420.322.142.08.9
FrostaB2.90.033.522.935.15.6
LeksvikC4.70.015.027.423.729.2
LevangerB3.00.126.428.430.111.9
VerdalB4.10.119.525.749.51.0
VerranC3.90.022.517.028.727.9
NamdalseidC2.30.014.211.356.415.8
HøylandetC3.20.020.82.548.025.6
FosnesC1.20.012.87.657.720.7
FlatangerC1.20.09.19.953.826.0
ViknaC0.80.08.06.977.37.0
NærøyC1.30.013.68.257.519.5
LekaC0.70.013.33.878.53.7
InderøyB2.50.021.022.536.018.0
BodøC2.20.110.413.454.819.1
NarvikC3.90.25.025.836.029.1
BindalC1.40.06.05.956.829.8
SømnaC1.80.024.57.946.818.9
BrønnøyC1.40.013.810.055.818.9
VegaC0.70.010.35.980.03.0
VevelstadC0.80.016.45.749.427.7
Herøy (Nordl.)C1.80.022.119.555.01.6
AlstahaugC1.30.020.89.561.47.1
LeirfjordC1.70.016.513.642.925.3
VefsnC1.60.54.810.849.233.2
DønnaC1.10.019.19.264.66.0
NesnaC1.60.028.88.946.514.2
HemnesC2.80.99.718.341.626.7
RanaC3.80.613.523.636.122.4
LurøyC2.00.012.717.056.411.9
TrænaC2.40.06.526.054.310.8
RødøyC1.00.07.07.359.625.1
MeløyC2.50.012.713.747.423.8
GildeskålC1.80.010.313.861.013.1
BeiarnC1.30.06.66.645.540.0
SaltdalC4.71.19.915.927.441.0
FauskeC2.80.718.721.247.79.0
SørfoldC1.50.05.610.053.429.4
SteigenC1.20.013.16.667.012.1
Hamarøy - HábmerC1.00.04.86.078.89.4
Divtasvuodna - TysfjordC1.00.03.29.648.437.9
LødingenC1.70.07.810.869.89.9
TjeldsundC2.50.014.68.370.24.4
EvenesC3.00.015.524.337.020.1
BallangenC1.80.08.616.262.510.8
RøstC3.40.014.629.852.30.0
VærøyC1.70.05.58.652.132.2
FlakstadC2.50.09.79.554.124.2
VestvågøyC2.10.018.314.756.97.9
VåganC2.20.07.214.765.410.4
HadselC2.10.018.810.256.912.1
Bø (Nordl.)C1.50.019.58.357.413.3
ØksnesC1.80.012.59.665.810.3
SortlandC2.80.017.811.761.76.0
AndøyC1.90.016.58.969.73.0
MoskenesC1.30.02.311.541.243.8
TromsøC3.60.018.019.447.012.1
HarstadC3.50.019.318.446.412.4
KvæfjordC3.40.023.914.847.99.8
SkånlandC4.60.018.823.043.610.1
IbestadC2.90.022.710.342.721.4
GratangenC4.50.014.017.739.324.6
Loabák - LavangenC4.00.031.023.324.417.4
SalangenC4.20.012.019.943.920.0
MålselvC2.60.021.820.544.910.2
SørreisaC5.10.016.035.233.410.3
DyrøyC2.30.023.214.239.820.5
TranøyC2.00.010.610.468.28.8
TorskenC1.40.04.46.561.626.1
BergC2.10.04.910.155.827.1
LenvikC2.90.021.518.843.513.3
BalsfjordC4.50.030.422.838.04.3
KarlsøyC2.50.010.413.461.112.7
LyngenC2.40.019.712.345.719.9
Storfjord - Omasvuotna - OmasvuonoC5.20.016.413.753.011.7
Gáivuotna - KåfjordC6.90.017.414.637.024.1
SkjervøyC2.10.07.58.462.219.8
NordreisaC2.90.017.212.353.913.7
KvænangenC1.60.09.98.048.532.0
VardøC1.70.02.68.983.63.1
VadsøC2.90.021.215.059.91.1
HammerfestC0.90.01.96.349.241.8
AltaC3.00.06.611.644.634.3
LoppaC1.70.04.47.657.628.8
HasvikC0.40.01.43.750.643.9
KvalsundC2.30.06.111.155.325.2
MåsøyC0.80.01.44.756.936.2
NordkappC0.80.01.35.650.641.7
Porsanger - Porsángu - PorsankiC2.10.05.46.177.09.4
LebesbyC0.80.02.34.761.330.9
GamvikC0.60.01.65.149.743.0
BerlevågC1.40.00.84.178.815.0
Deatnu - TanaC0.90.04.56.062.326.3
Unjárga - NessebyC1.70.011.26.576.44.1
BåtsfjordC0.90.00.46.676.016.2
Sør-VarangerC0.90.02.610.459.127.0

Table 4 
Potentially accessible coastal area per inhabitant. Status as of 1st of January. Municipality. Square meter

Potentially accessible coastal area per inhabitant. Status as of 1st of January. Municipality. Square meter
2016Differentiated management of the coastal zoneNot very large angle of gradient (<25)Very large angle of gradient (>25)
MunicipalityArea divided by pressure on land1Potentially accessible coastal areaPotentially accessible coastal area
1Find explanation of ”Area divided by pressure on land” in the article.
HaldenA78.228.3
MossA66.06.9
SarpsborgA27.43.2
FredrikstadA90.74.6
HvalerA1 499.169.4
RådeA137.71.9
RyggeA50.31.2
VestbyA24.23.2
ÅsA8.11.9
FrognA37.917.4
NesoddenA21.322.6
OppegårdA13.71.0
BærumA7.90.0
AskerA11.50.6
Oslo municipalityA1.90.1
DrammenA5.80.0
LierA20.80.7
RøykenA22.711.9
HurumA208.539.2
HortenA80.96.1
HolmestrandA23.810.0
TønsbergA45.00.4
Sandefjord (-2016)A64.17.3
LarvikA123.99.5
SvelvikA95.920.3
Sande (Vestf.)A47.23.1
ReA27.512.0
Stokke (-2016)A63.95.8
NøtterøyA42.85.4
TjømeA555.839.9
PorsgrunnA66.624.6
SkienA8.25.3
BambleA234.648.4
KragerøA734.6195.2
RisørB725.4402.4
GrimstadB185.918.6
ArendalB143.620.6
TvedestrandB473.9168.8
LillesandB653.0110.8
KristiansandB66.112.4
MandalB311.178.6
FarsundB923.9749.0
FlekkefjordB291.5581.1
SøgneB216.093.2
LindesnesB816.8577.3
LyngdalB472.0434.8
KvinesdalB104.9317.6
EigersundB399.470.3
SandnesB30.814.0
StavangerB15.80.3
HaugesundB54.15.3
SokndalB551.2667.6
B160.03.9
KleppB69.80.0
GjesdalC18.3130.4
SolaB78.81.1
RandabergB84.10.5
ForsandC1 407.36 349.3
StrandB255.590.9
HjelmelandC1 453.52 632.7
SuldalC1 859.73 464.3
SaudaC127.6259.9
FinnøyB2 285.7453.1
RennesøyB651.997.4
KvitsøyC878.33.7
BoknC6 560.7400.0
TysværB1 154.9262.6
KarmøyB211.912.6
UtsiraC6 669.9116.5
VindafjordC763.1403.0
BergenB17.66.7
EtneC674.41 193.3
SveioC1 901.3354.7
BømloC2 227.5560.4
StordC283.475.0
FitjarC1 230.2363.1
TysnesC4 222.91 853.0
KvinnheradC1 139.9681.7
JondalC1 741.81 274.5
OddaC61.9146.7
UllensvangC610.41 067.7
EidfjordC712.62 334.7
UlvikC756.12 511.3
GranvinC491.91 729.6
VossC12.968.2
KvamC284.2428.7
FusaC1 578.91 000.5
SamnangerC652.9504.7
Os (Hord.)B190.879.9
AustevollC3 150.4811.5
SundB1 377.1273.5
FjellB417.9134.6
AskøyB199.757.0
VaksdalC463.91 931.9
ModalenC1 396.84 986.8
OsterøyC328.6613.9
MelandB550.3152.8
ØygardenB2 581.4296.9
RadøyC1 711.6298.4
LindåsB1 193.9426.8
AustrheimC3 204.1348.0
FedjeC2 728.2163.4
MasfjordenC4 090.43 025.2
FloraC957.1523.9
GulenC10 829.62 264.7
SolundC24 545.011 837.5
HyllestadC4 726.02 434.2
HøyangerC1 113.21 739.0
VikC761.42 218.1
BalestrandC1 829.02 306.7
LeikangerC186.3406.0
SogndalC371.9910.4
AurlandC823.93 786.0
LærdalC316.91 849.0
ÅrdalC108.7499.0
LusterC387.1994.1
AskvollC4 292.91 091.8
FjalerC2 309.2634.1
GaularC150.0291.6
FørdeC73.4142.9
NaustdalC407.6652.1
BremangerC3 410.02 991.5
VågsøyC767.3871.9
SeljeC1 904.42 044.7
EidC309.3555.4
GloppenC272.6684.2
StrynC260.0559.9
MoldeB282.257.3
ÅlesundB117.018.8
KristiansundB204.042.4
VanylvenC888.0190.3
Sande (M. og R.)C1 483.1440.2
Herøy (M. og R.)C799.2273.6
UlsteinC521.396.7
HareidC299.7107.6
VoldaC379.9565.8
ØrstaC297.8544.7
ØrskogC359.2272.0
NorddalC439.12 729.7
StrandaC190.01 953.1
StordalC284.81 951.1
SykkylvenC209.8220.6
SkodjeC847.0197.8
SulaC234.861.3
GiskeC467.139.4
HaramC1 256.193.8
VestnesC533.238.6
RaumaC537.3472.5
NessetC922.0948.6
MidsundC2 856.9294.0
SandøyC1 955.67.9
AukraC1 347.488.9
FrænaC817.220.1
EideC795.840.4
AverøyC2 196.9163.8
GjemnesC1 323.3399.2
TingvollC2 112.01 298.7
SunndalC391.6458.3
SurnadalC627.5523.1
HalsaC3 314.81 049.3
SmølaC11 555.055.0
AureC6 215.61 891.5
TrondheimB10.92.4
HemneC1 084.2702.2
SnillfjordC7 811.67 353.4
HitraB6 508.4709.8
FrøyaB4 697.7278.4
ØrlandB676.891.5
AgdenesC2 362.7798.9
RissaB590.0204.2
BjugnB2 242.4377.5
ÅfjordC4 194.31 008.9
RoanC5 231.32 950.9
OsenC5 407.94 217.8
OrkdalB83.631.2
MelhusB14.60.1
SkaunB71.944.1
MalvikB49.66.5
SteinkjerB139.916.0
NamsosC1 210.7676.8
StjørdalB73.015.5
FrostaB761.4122.0
LeksvikC325.2401.0
LevangerB210.282.8
VerdalB87.41.8
VerranC742.0720.8
NamdalseidC2 773.7778.0
HøylandetC623.8333.1
FosnesC11 500.04 130.2
FlatangerC10 962.55 293.1
ViknaC7 209.7650.7
NærøyC7 662.52 601.3
LekaC15 339.7728.2
InderøyB797.2399.0
BodøC524.0182.2
NarvikC366.0296.6
BindalC13 362.37 019.6
SømnaC3 218.61 301.5
BrønnøyC3 517.11 192.1
VegaC11 535.5439.2
VevelstadC13 474.57 554.9
Herøy (Nordl.)C4 891.2139.3
AlstahaugC2 086.8240.3
LeirfjordC3 210.21 890.3
VefsnC586.7396.0
DønnaC11 710.01 083.2
NesnaC3 946.61 204.2
HemnesC961.8617.7
RanaC202.9126.2
LurøyC5 525.81 170.6
TrænaC1 981.5393.0
RødøyC18 568.27 827.4
MeløyC2 156.21 081.0
GildeskålC8 336.61 792.5
BeiarnC2 122.91 864.8
SaltdalC207.9311.4
FauskeC365.668.8
SørfoldC7 215.63 972.9
SteigenC13 989.22 522.5
Hamarøy - HábmerC18 543.92 210.4
Divtasvuodna - TysfjordC9 745.57 620.2
LødingenC9 427.81 342.1
TjeldsundC8 870.3555.5
EvenesC1 584.1860.6
BallangenC5 271.2912.4
RøstC1 691.70.0
VærøyC2 996.21 850.0
FlakstadC7 117.83 188.5
VestvågøyC2 005.3280.0
VåganC3 167.2504.8
HadselC2 586.7548.5
Bø (Nordl.)C5 124.51 186.2
ØksnesC3 511.9551.6
SortlandC1 991.0195.3
AndøyC3 404.3147.7
MoskenesC5 000.95 313.1
TromsøC477.3122.8
HarstadC-427.3114.0
KvæfjordC2 274.1466.2
SkånlandC1 179.7272.8
IbestadC3 917.71 967.4
GratangenC2 470.51 546.2
Loabák - LavangenC745.0530.8
SalangenC1 244.7566.9
MålselvC321.173.2
SørreisaC398.1122.3
DyrøyC3 182.81 639.5
TranøyC8 055.71 042.7
TorskenC10 325.84 366.5
BergC8 681.84 222.1
LenvikC1 258.7385.3
BalsfjordC1 303.7148.1
KarlsøyC10 616.42 211.0
LyngenC3 368.91 469.2
Storfjord - Omasvuotna - OmasvuonoC1 662.8368.3
Gáivuotna - KåfjordC1 362.1885.9
SkjervøyC4 892.61 560.6
NordreisaC1 910.3484.4
KvænangenC10 812.47 133.8
VardøC3 874.5144.7
VadsøC788.114.1
HammerfestC2 640.62 245.1
AltaC965.9742.5
LoppaC13 494.46 738.1
HasvikC16 586.014 406.3
KvalsundC9 961.94 535.7
MåsøyC19 162.012 177.3
NordkappC7 179.45 913.7
Porsanger - Porsángu - PorsankiC6 736.1821.1
LebesbyC22 206.311 207.0
GamvikC14 704.312 735.7
BerlevågC11 896.12 257.8
Deatnu - TanaC4 396.71 856.0
Unjárga - NessebyC9 701.3520.3
BåtsfjordC5 421.01 154.4
Sør-VarangerC2 363.91 081.5

About the statistics

 These statistics provide information about construction and land use in the Norwegian coastal zone, also known as the 100-meter belt, including islands with mainland connection by bridge or ferry. In addition, the statistics include the 100-meter belt around the main rivers and lakes.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Building: The statistics cover all the main building (not on / extension) greater than 15 m 2, which is initiated and not reported demolished, burnt down or otherwise, all buildings in the cadastre. This includes residential, condominiums, commercial buildings, sheds and boathouses, wharfs, docks, diving tower, etc are not included, and there is no central record of this.

As a general rule, the freestanding building units shall have its own building number. Connected units can be assigned individual building numbers when building parts can be described independently.

Terraced where each dwelling unit located on the ground assigned one building number for each dwelling. Semi-detached and semi-detached units which are equal shall be assigned a building number for each device. Other hand, shall be horizontal-detached, four-family houses and larger residential buildings in which units are located above each assigned one building number for the entire building.

Building works started: Up until 1999, a building work is considered started when the groundwork works start. From the year 2000, for buildings that are processed by an application in accordance with the Planning and Building Act § 21 generally used date for granted building permit as the date of commissioning.

Exemption applications for construction in the coastal zone: Exemption from complying with law or regulation. Exemptions may be granted by the authorities if accepted by law and under special circumstances. For more information see Planning and Building Act

Objection: An objection or protest by a public authority to a planning proposal that are sent out for consultation. Opposition Institute is created to ensure that national and regional interests are protected in municipal planning. If the objection is rejected or, failing agreement, determined opposition of the Ministry.

Coastline: The transition between land and sea at mid-high tide line. (See explanation of data sources in the Data Sources and selection)

Potentially accessible coastal zone: Coastal area that is not closer than 50 meters to the nearest building, not agricultural land, or road or railway area. Water surfaces are not included in the statistics over the coastal zone area nor are islands without bridge or boat ferry connection to the mainland.

The statistics are generated based on a geographical merge of the data layers mentioned following priority order in order to avoid double counting.

Building near area (<50m): Shoreline area that developed (buildings footprint regardless building type) or 50 meters from the outer wall to the following building types:

All types of homes except boathouses, boathouse and warehouses. The argument for not including boat house, boat house and warehouses is that around these generally available to the public most of the year.
Industrial Buildings.
Hotel buildings but not other buildings for accommodation or restaurant building, since the latter two are considered to be available to the public.

Road area: Essentially it used surfaces from FKB way. Where this is not possible, data from the National Road database is used with the following buffer widths:

Europaveg:, 4.5 meters from the center line, a total of 9 meters.

Riksveg: 3.5 meters from the center line, a total of 7 meters.

Fylkesveg: 2.5 meters from the center line, a total of 5 meters.

Kommunal veg: 2 meters from the center line, a total of 4 meters.

Railway Area: Areas within 6 meters from the center line on a single track railway or 11 meters from the center line of a multi-track railway.

Watercourses: Lakes and larger rivers. For the calculations we use the main watercourse as stipulated under "Data Sources and Selection" above and add these together with lake data from FKB.

Standard classifications

Counties

Municipalities

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Construction in the coastal zone
Topic: Nature and the environment

Responsible division

Division for Natural Resources and Environmental Statistics

Regional level

Municipalities, counties, national level

Frequency and timeliness

Annual

International reporting

None

Microdata

Data are stored on NT-server as SAS-, XLS, ARCINFO cover, ESRI filgeodatabase files.

Background

Background and purpose

SSB has since 2003 published official statistics for the building activity in the coastal zone. In addition, SSB started in 2003 to present figures for exemptions in the 100-meter coastal zone from KOSTRA reporting on physical planning in municipalities and counties. The purpose of the coastal zone statistics is to follow changes in land use along the coast and municipal practices regarding exemptions in the coastal zone.

Report No. 26 2006-2007:'' The Government's environmental policy and state of the environment'' contained the following strategic objectives for outdoor environmental policy:'' Everyone should have the opportunity to practice outdoor activities that promote health and wellbeing and environmental activities in the community and in the countryside .''

Norwegian Environment Agency followed up the goal by developing a methodology for quantifying one of the key figures during the performance 2RM3:'' Proportion of the coastal zone accessible for outdoor activities, a long the coast from the Swedish border to the county of Hordaland''. In 2007-2008 the Norwegian Environment Agency and Statistics Norway worked together for adapting a methodology for the whole Norwegian coastal zone.

Statistics Norway published statistics over accessible coastal zone, for the first time, on the 26.June 2009.

In July 2009 came the new planning provisions of the new Planning and Building Act in force and includes a new section on building prohibition which also includes the watercourses. To reflect the changes along waterways Statistics Norway chose, in 2010, to produce statistics for the proportion of affected watercourse affected by buildings.

In 2011, Statistcs Norway continued developing the statistics based on inputs from the users of the statistics and has now a stronger focus on land use.

Users and applications

The statistics is mainly used by the public, the civil administration as well as for research purposes.

Equal treatment of users

Not relevant

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics relate to statistics over land use and land resources : http://www.ssb.no/arealstat/ , statisics over building activities http://www.ssb.no/bygg-bolig-og-eiendom/statistikker/byggeareal/  and KOSTRA: http://www.ssb.no/emner/01/01/20/fysplan/

Legal authority

Register information. Act concerning official statistics and the Central Bureau of Statistics § 3.2

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

The statistics include the 100-meter belt along the Norwegian coast including islands with mainland connection by bridge or ferry. In addition, the statistics include the 100-meter belt around the main rivers and lakes.

Only buildings recorded in official property register, the Norwegian Cadastre, are included in the statistics. This means that piers, fences and other buildings elements that are not registered in accordance with law and regulations are not included in the statistics.

Data sources and sampling

In order to quantify the key figure and related statistics annually on a cost-effective manner in which it is appropriate to utilize existing databases and maps of updated records. Coastal zone statistics are based on the following basic data from Norway Digital.

The Norwegian Cadastre: The main data sources for coastal shoreline statistics are buildings registered in the Cadastre.

Felles kartbase (FKB): The coastline of statistics on land use status in the coastal zone is based on new coast line data from the Norwegian Mapping Authority. Water line and surface theme of FKB is also used in building statistics of the sweet water courses.

Buildings (surfaces) from FKB with building data from the cadastre data constitutes the foundation of buildings.

Roads from FKB are combined with road data from the national road database.

The water course statistics is based on the Cadastre, FKB, Urban areas in combination with river data from the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE).

To quantify the proportion of watercourses influenced by buildings a selection of water courses was carried out only including the main water courses. To distinguish the main rivers from smaller rivers data from the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE) was used. NVE use of the international river system Strahler order on entering the rivers. The order of Strahler was used to determine the water courses of importance.

Local and exemptions are collected via  KOSTRA (KOmmune-STat-RApportering) .

Not based on surveys, but based on registers. For data collected via KOSTRA query total populations, but missing data values is possible

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Based on maps, registers, the use of GIS and data collected through KOSTRA (municipalities to the state reporting). All coastal municipalities have to report on dispensations applied for and granted

Registrations of buildings conducted by the municipalities, controls conducted by the Norwegian mapping authorities. Data collected through KOSTRA (municipalities to the state reporting) are subject to revision in the KOSTRA-system.

The proportion of building-influenced coastline is calculated on the basis of buildings and the coastline as geo data sets. Around each building a circle of 100 metres is constructed. Those parts of the coastline which fall within the circles is considered as being building-influenced.

Land use

Due to mass registration of base line data over crop land, road and rail  in recent years, estimates of changes back in time do not necessarily show the real land use changes but improve the data quality. Figures for  previous years for these land use categories are therefore based on figures for 1 January of the current year.

Cadastre registrations

Figures for buildings in the building statistics rely on dates for when permits are registered by the municipality in the Cadastre (Matrikkelen). A building permit does not always mean that construction will be started at once.

Due to delays in the registration of building start permits from local authorities, national figures for 1. january of last year are presented in the article. The figures in Statbank refer to the status as of 1. January of each year and include preliminary figures for 1 January of the current year.

The statistics on buildings do not cover changes to dwellings caused by rebuilding of existing building stock (i.e. new dwellings due to reconstruction of utility floor space from industry to dwellings).

New in 2017:

The coding of the coastal zone (mainland - islands with mainland connection - islands) has been recalculated with the newest road network, which has improved data for bridge and ferry connections.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

Calculations are made from 2000 and onward. The statistics are comparable in time and space, but the quality of the Norwegian Cadastre will vary over the years.

The definitions of KOSTRA may vary over time

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The sources of error are mainly connected to the quality and completeness in the Norwegian Cadastre and geospatial data used.

For KOSTRA there will be uncertainty attached to errors in the data reported from the municipalities.

KOSTRA may have errors connected to missing data. Not relevant for the rest

Changes in the coordinates of buildings occur from time to time because of quality improvements. To avoid these changes to be reflected in the figures, we have used last years register to calculate previous years figures based on year of construction. Buildings which are pulled down will thus not be represented in the figures. The building register is somewhat in arrears.

Revision

Not relevant

Contact