277103
/en/natur-og-miljo/statistikker/materialstrom/aar
277103
Increase in extraction of natural resources
statistikk
2016-12-06T08:00:00.000Z
Nature and the environment
en
materialstrom, Economy-wide material flow accounts, materials, domestic extraction, external trade flowsEnvironmental accounts, Nature and the environment
true
Statistics show domestic extraction, import and export of natural resources i.e. biomass, minerals and fossil energy materials and carriers. In addition, are the import and export of products divided into material types according to the stage of manufacturing.

Economy-wide material flow accounts

Updated

Next update

Key figures

364

million tonnes of domestic natural resources extracted in 2015

Material flow account. Domestic extraction, import and export of materials, material products and waste. 1 000 tonnes.
201020142015Change in per cent
2010 - 2015
Domestic extraction312 843319 212363 58316
Biomass13 71813 77013 9091
Metal ores (gross ores)6 74210 54211 43470
Non metalic minerals76 41791 168122 99661
Fossil energy materials/carriers215 966203 732215 2440
 
Imports38 74736 70237 841-2
Biomass and biomass products8 0177 8367 516-6
Metal ores and concentrates, raw and processed8 5018 9028 8594
Non-metallic minerals, raw and processed5 6526 2566 49215
Fossil energy materials/carriers, raw and processed13 0249 88211 064-15
Other products3 0343 5353 50616
Waste imported for final treatment and disposal519291404-22
 
Exports216 027214 988223 9524
Biomass and biomass products7 2559 26810 07339
Metal ores and concentrates, raw and processed7 3199 5809 09124
Non-metallic minerals, raw and processed23 32625 47728 08220
Fossil energy materials/carriers, raw and processed172 126164 045170 098-1
Other products4 9644 8764 9891
Waste exported for final treatment and disposal1 0371 7421 61956

About the statistics

The compilation of data consists of extraction of biomass, metal ores and concentrates, non-metallic minerals, fossil energy carriers. It also consists import and export of natural resources including waste materials.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Economy-wide material flow accounts (EW-MFA) is a framework to compile statistics linking flows of materials from natural resources to a national economy. EW-MFA is descriptive statistic, in physical units such as tonnes per year.

Biomass in general comprises organic non-fossil material of biological origin. Crops, crop residues, fodder crops, grazed biomass, wood, wild fish catch, aquatic plants/animals, hunting and gathering.

Fossil energy material/carriers coal, Lignite, hard coal, oil shale and tar sands, peat, crude oil, natural gas.

Metal ores are mineral aggregates containing metals. Ferrous metal: Iron, Non-ferrous metal: Copper, nickel, lead, zinc, tin, gold, silver, platinum, bauxite, aluminium, uranium and thorium.

Non-metallic minerals Marble, granite, sandstone, porphyry, basalt, other ornamental or building stone (excluding slate), chalk and dolomite, Slate, chemical and fertilizer minerals, salt, limestone and gypsum, clays and kaolin, sand and gravel.

Raw products raw materials like products produced by primary industries such as agriculture, forestry, fishing and mining.

Semi-manufactured products which are further processed raw products but do not yet constitute finished products; they obviously need to be further processed.

Finished products which are finalized i.e., are not processed or transformed anymore.

Standard classifications

Not relevant

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Economy-wide material flow accounts
Topic: Nature and the environment

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Natural Resources and Environmental Statistics

Regional level

Whole Country

Frequency and timeliness

Yearly

International reporting

Yearly reporting to Eurostat in accordance with statistics regulation 691/2011 about European environmental economic accounts.

Microdata

 

Data from all internal and external actors will be aggregated and stored as files in the operating system UNIX. All files are stored as SAS-language files.

Background

Background and purpose

The Statistics Regulation 691/2011 on European environmental economic accounts, includes a module called Economy -Wide Material Flow Accounts (EW- MFA).

The general purpose of EW-MFA is to describe the interaction of the domestic economy with the natural environment and the rest of the world economy (ROW) in terms of flow of materials (excluding water and air). The economy is demarcated by the conventions of the national accounting system (resident units).

Only flows crossing the system boundary (between the environment and the economy) on the input-side or on the output-side are counted. Material flows within the economy are not represented in EW-MFA.

For populating the EW-MFA framework with data various statistical sources have to be used. Those original sources have to be reformatted and amended in order to comply with the concepts of the EW-MFA accounting system.

The compilation of data for reporting consist of biomass, metal ores and concentrates, non-metallic minerals, fossil energy carriers, or waste imported for final treatment and disposal. Products which cannot be clearly identified as belonging to one of the four material categories should be included under other products.

Users and applications

The statistics are used for international reporting (EU). Figures are also used by the European environment agency to publish yearly material resource efficiency in Europe. Eurostat, Norwegian Environment Agency, Research Institutions and other organizations and persons who works with environmental economics and natural resources and mediaare the main users of statistics.

Equal treatment of users

Not relevant

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics are based on annual reporting of figures from primary statistics, energy statistics, foreign trade in the national accounts, waste statistics (possibly from raw material for these statistics) as well as mineral resource statistics from NGU. The numbers are retrieved, both manual and automated, on an agreed format from source statistics.

Legal authority

Norway: Statistics Act §2-2

EEA reference

Statistics regulation 691/2011about European environmental economic accounts.

Production

Population

The statistics include the data for extraction of natural resources (biomass, minerals and fossil fuels) as well as import and export of such resources. In addition, import and export of products (distribution based on the type of material as the main constituent) and waste for final disposal.

Data sources and sampling

The compilation of figures for reporting involves annual reporting of figures from primary statistics, energy statistics, foreign trade in the national accounts, waste statistics (from raw material for these statistics) as well as mineral resource statistics from Geological Survey of Norway (NGU) and the mining industry. Following are links to source data:

     Cereals, pulses and Oil seeds:

http://www.ssb.no/en/jord-skog-jakt-og-fiskeri/statistikker/korn/aar/2012-11-27?fane=om#content

Roots and tubers:

http://www.ssb.no/en/jord-skog-jakt-og-fiskeri/statistikker/jordbruksavling/aar/2013-02-04?fane=om#content

 

Vegetables fruit and berries:

http://www.ssb.no/en/jord-skog-jakt-og-fiskeri/statistikker/hagebruk/aar/2012-12-21?fane=om#content

 

Forage plants including meadow for mowing:

http://www.ssb.no/en/jord-skog-jakt-og-fiskeri/statistikker/jordbruksavling/aar/2013-02-04?fane=om#content

Source: Budget Committee for Agriculture (BFJ), Total estimates for agriculture; Feed accounts

Waste statistics:

http://www.ssb.no/en/natur-og-miljo/statistikker/avfregno

 

Foreign trade:

http://www.ssb.no/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh

 

Mineral Resources:

http://www.ngu.no/publikasjon/mineralressurser-i-norge-i-2014-mineralstatistikk-og-bergindustriberetning

 

Collection of data, editing and estimations

EW-MFA module requires annual mandatory reporting to Eurostat on extraction of natural resources (biomass, minerals and fossil fuels) as well as import and export of such resources. In addition, import and export of products (roughly split by type of material as the main constituent) and waste for final disposal. Data which form the basis for reporting collected from sources in Statistics Norway and with external actors.

The compilation of data for reporting involves annual figures from primary statistics, energy statistics, foreign trade in the national accounts, waste statistics (possibly from raw material for these statistics) as well as mineral resource statistics from Geological Survey of Norway (NGU). The numbers retrieved both manual and automated, on an agreed format source statistics.

Data compilation, accounting rules and classification of EW-MFA follows European standard systems mentioned in EW-MFA compilation guide (compilation guide 2013) and System of Environmental-Economic Accounting Central framework (SEEA 2012).

 

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

This statistics includes only aggregated figures, and follow SSB's rules for confidentiality.

Comparability over time and space

The economy wide-material flow accounts balance sheet includes figures since 1990 except data for all type of metallic and non-metallic minerals. Figures for metallic ores and non-metallic minerals are available from 2006. In addition statistics follows European standard system, which makes figures comparable also at European level.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

This depends on the quality of the source statistics. Although the registers involved are of fairly high quality, some coverage errors could occurs due to late updating and classification errors. Use of estimates instead of actual figures represents another source of uncertainty. Errors may also occur during data transfer and revision. There can be uncertainty about where the end consumption takes place.

Revision

Not relevant

Contact

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