Parents’ level of education has impact on results
Pupils who have parents with tertiary education perform better than other pupils. They are also more likely to improve their results from 5th to 8th grade compared with other pupils. National tests held in 2012 once again show that the results differ among the counties.
|Proportion of pupils who achieved the lowest level. English 5th grade||Proportion of pupils who achieved the lowest level. Reading 5th grade||Proportion of pupils who achieved the lowest level. Mathematics 5th grade|
|Norwegian-born to immigrant parents||26.0||41.8||35.5|
|Parents' educational attainment level|
|Parents do not have tertiary education||34.7||38.1||35.7|
|Parents have tertiary education||19.8||19.1||17.6|
As observed in previous years, there is a positive correlation between parental level of education and achieved test results. Pupils who have parents with tertiary education are more likely to achieve a high mastering level at all tests, compared with other pupils. The national tests of 2012, also imply that pupils who have parents with tertiary education are more likely to improve test results from 5th to 8th grade compared with other pupils. Half of all pupils who have parents with tertiary education and achieved the lowest mastering level in English in 5th grade, were able to achieve medium or high mastering level in 8th grade. In contrast, only a third of pupils who do not have parents with tertiary education, did the same. Similar differences can be observed in reading Norwegian and mathematics. Pupils who have parents with tertiary education are also more likely to maintain a high mastering level from 5th grade to 8th grade.
Better results in Oslo
In Oslo and Akershus the pupils achieve higher results in all national tests. In Oslo, 20 per cent of the pupils achieve the highest level in mathematics in 8th grade. In comparison, the national average is 12 per cent at this level. The pupils in Sogn- and Fjordane also have good results, but not as good as Oslo. These geographical differences are seen despite the level of participation apparently being the same for the different counties.
There is a difference of 19 percentage points between the counties with the highest and lowest shares of the lowest mastering level in english in 5th grade. The best county here is Oslo with 16 per cent, while Nord-Trøndelag has 35 per cent at this level. Finnmark, Nordland, Nord-Trøndelag and Østfold all have high shares of the lowest mastering levels in most of the tests. About one third of the pupils in these counties achieve the lowest mastering levels.
Further, there is a correlation between the results and living in a central municipality, with the pupils in the most central municipalities getting the best results. However, this is not the case for pupils whose parents do not have tertiary education. Therefore, the positive correlation seen between results and centrality seems to depend on the parental level of education, and not centrality alone.
Improvement in 9th grade
In the national tests in 2012, pupils in 8th grade and 9th grade were given the same tests in reading Norwegian and mathematics. A comparison between the test results of the two grades shows that pupils in 9th grade achieve higher results in both tests, most notably in reading Norwegian. Whereas one third of all pupils in 8th grade achieved a high level in reading Norwegian, half of all pupils in 9th grade did the same. The difference is greater for those who achieve the highest mastering levels, with no big change in evidence for those achieving the lowest mastering levels. This means that the differences between the best pupils and the pupils whose performance is poorer grow.
The boys continue to achieve better results in mathematics than the girls, while the opposite is the case in reading Norwegian. No gender differences are seen in English. The difference between the genders is greater in 8th grade than in 5th grade.
The results of the national tests are presented here as shares of the percentage at different mastering levels. The tests in 5th grade range from 1 to 3 (3 is highest), whereas the tests in 8th and 9th grades range from 1 to 5 (5 is highest). In order to make it easier to compare the results between the two different grades, a “low level” in 8th grade will, by definition, mean the same as mastering level 1 or 2, a “medium level” in 8th grade will mean 3, and a “high level” in 8th grade will mean 4 or 5.
More detailed information about the levels and boundaries between levels is available in About the statistics.