268779
/en/jord-skog-jakt-og-fiskeri/statistikker/stjord/aar
268779
Increasing grain area
statistikk
2017-01-17T08:00:00.000Z
Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
en
stjord, Structure of agriculture, farming, farmers, dairy farmers, meat producers, corn producers, farmland, livestock, farmland by use (for example corn, potatoes, pastures)Agriculture , Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
true
Number of holdings, agricultural area in use and number of domestic animals in 2016.

Structure of agriculture

Updated

Next update

Key figures

2.3 %

fewer agricultural holdings

Structure of agriculture
2016Per cent
2015 - 20162006 - 2016
Number of holdings, total41 064-2.3-19.8
Natural person38 976-2.0-19.5
Legal person2 088-7.2-25.5
Agricultural area in use. Decares9 824 526-0.4-5.0
Fully cultivated land, decares8 071 995-0.4-6.4
Agricultural area per holding. Decares239.21.918.4
Holdings keeping domestic animals of various kinds
Cow12 809-1.3-32.5
Sheep 1 year and over14 6361.3-11.5
Pigs, total2 2730.6-27.8
Hens2 058-0.4-2.0
Holdings cultivating various crops
Grain and oil seeds11 173-0.8-29.4
Potato1 875-4.0-55.4
Meadows for mowing and pastures32 257-2.4-18.1

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Number of animals per holding keeping various kinds of animal, by county and size of holding

Number of animals per holding keeping various kinds of animal, by county and size of holding
CattleSheep 1 year and overDairy goatsPigs for breedingPigs for slaughteringHens
TotalCows, totalDiary cowsBeef cows
200644.116.817.610.856.182.753.0159.61 600.7
200746.117.618.511.556.082.556.5173.81 885.1
200848.418.619.812.057.786.160.6182.91 982.9
200949.619.020.512.560.888.763.6196.42 100.8
201051.720.021.413.462.491.266.6209.62 140.1
201153.220.622.114.062.894.171.2217.82 198.1
201255.221.523.414.462.3100.274.9230.02 221.7
201356.322.024.114.863.3103.076.6229.82 147.5
201457.722.524.615.461.7109.480.8235.32 101.8
201559.823.325.516.063.5110.983.6232.62 096.4
201661.924.026.116.865.2115.483.0226.82 087.5
 
2016
Østfold76.628.736.018.936.80.072.0271.94 344.5
Akershus and Oslo72.427.233.120.441.674.070.8225.21 616.7
Hedmark70.027.325.125.771.083.9100.7283.03 376.5
Oppland64.524.424.219.575.6102.387.7196.61 395.4
Buskerud54.822.924.319.672.9105.559.174.51 331.9
Vestfold80.532.437.625.743.40.078.8295.42 654.0
Telemark42.417.822.215.057.696.269.2144.11 329.1
Aust-Agder43.917.821.613.549.50.033.9135.31 897.5
Vest-Agder50.119.221.513.347.10.0110.5138.4544.5
Rogaland73.526.931.714.576.3144.796.2256.54 302.8
Hordaland38.116.620.09.145.285.352.2127.9625.7
Sogn og Fjordane39.016.718.38.850.6111.240.4110.8669.3
Møre og Romsdal59.824.027.113.653.4166.139.7193.81 037.9
Sør-Trøndelag66.125.227.415.085.419.048.6117.21 963.9
Nord-Trøndelag78.628.730.520.170.486.895.6264.33 762.3
Nordland63.823.525.316.687.4129.2103.8250.4644.1
Troms - Romsa50.721.022.014.294.2129.444.4143.3621.8
Finnmark - Finnmárku64.327.328.312.977.10.067.0348.0490.3
Agricultural area in use
- 49 decares56.126.541.76.024.995.7136.8227.63 312.0
50 - 99 decares24.111.618.75.937.273.554.4125.5581.8
100 - 199 decares30.913.215.210.059.9104.765.3174.01 136.6
200 - 299 decares45.818.119.014.485.5131.770.2197.91 772.4
300 - 499 decares68.925.726.518.9104.7156.573.5254.62 278.8
500 decares or more125.743.543.629.6125.6160.388.3304.04 205.7

Table 2 
Domestic animals

Domestic animals
201620152014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002
Horses29 89831 69433 11734 45236 34036 42436 71235 62534 38732 94631 15430 01929 02928 53129 503
Cattle, total871 475853 327840 000853 655861 924864 139874 529878 134891 170905 515922 976933 698943 208956 916958 661
Cows307 045303 048299 876303 897306 582305 239308 316306 288311 520314 309318 458320 837325 368329 698329 814
Diary cows221 593224 298223 997228 895233 257233 347238 442239 637248 283253 364259 084265 186271 970278 137281 502
Beef cows85 45278 75075 87975 00273 32571 89269 87466 65163 23760 94559 37455 65153 39851 56148 312
Sheep, total2 476 7292 380 4912 287 4102 273 6952 229 7342 300 4712 308 2912 289 8622 250 4712 267 1342 360 0622 423 0412 466 9652 481 0732 459 185
Sheep under 1 year1 522 5081 462 1501 401 3111 362 4841 324 1281 380 0481 385 7721 382 2991 352 5871 372 6511 431 5761 468 3031 500 4571 494 4341 467 495
Sheep 1 year and over954 221918 341886 099911 211905 606920 423922 519907 563897 884894 483928 486954 738966 508986 639991 690
Goats, total68 56167 00764 36164 12865 68367 23267 48568 27369 46771 98772 20773 05171 84372 39374 311
Dairy goats34 86233 70231 51533 06435 15435 47636 65037 95938 85341 16142 36544 53245 09545 69246 786
Pigs, total845 864848 813842 484851 058855 704854 334850 383845 019828 243837 892836 426824 237825 548790 717751 415
Pigs for breeding92 99395 77194 67096 86296 59697 26397 586100 95499 61899 216102 483100 747100 88697 10692 409
Sows for breeding90 96492 31892 65294 78494 04595 13295 01298 09096 89297 21899 74498 69998 65994 73189 301
Boars for breeding2 0293 4532 0182 0782 5512 1312 5742 8642 7261 9982 7392 0482 2272 3753 108
Other pigs752 871753 042747 814754 196759 108757 071752 797744 065728 625738 676733 943723 490724 662693 611659 006
Hens4 296 0324 331 2094 245 6114 168 2804 019 0463 892 8613 952 8573 897 0493 668 4353 542 0943 362 9693 415 0793 528 5053 265 6443 189 925
Chicks bred for laying hens1 560 7911 551 6121 540 7941 473 9881 062 4831 195 664966 7831 444 8471 280 1371 386 6411 318 7841 298 4681 410 7011 205 3641 014 436
Chicks for slaughtering13 450 31714 583 62416 565 06615 974 60714 406 44211 782 41511 854 14813 159 33613 099 62312 606 07510 840 7188 881 7368 039 6318 108 4417 952 168

Table 3 
Agricultural area per holding, by county.

Agricultural area per holding, by county.
201620152014201320122011201020092008200720062005200420032002
The whole country239.2234.7229.4225.8221.7219.0215.8212.7209.8206.7202.0195.4187.3178.7169.1
2016
Østfold334.8327.0321.8313.0307.8301.2297.7293.3288.2285.4280.1276.1266.0257.4244.8
Akershus and Oslo361.2355.9350.7345.8336.6327.1321.5316.8314.6311.3302.4293.5283.1274.0261.9
Hedmark323.4313.9305.3301.1294.0287.1281.8275.8268.4262.7255.9247.5236.1226.9214.0
Oppland220.2214.8209.0205.2202.6200.0198.9196.5194.2192.7188.6185.4178.6171.5164.6
Buskerud231.2225.5223.3221.6219.0218.3215.0214.9210.1204.2196.7188.0179.3169.0158.9
Vestfold286.2277.4274.1268.6261.3257.9253.8247.7245.0240.6232.8225.0219.8212.2199.6
Telemark172.0168.9165.3163.5159.5157.6155.8155.4156.8154.3149.8144.2136.3128.5120.4
Aust-Agder160.4161.8159.5159.4158.3157.4152.8154.7156.6152.6149.7142.4137.3127.4117.4
Vest-Agder169.4168.0164.7162.1159.3162.4159.0161.0162.0158.2158.3150.5143.6133.0121.3
Rogaland235.1230.1223.2220.7216.7215.0210.6206.3203.5199.9195.9188.4181.3177.4171.2
Hordaland128.9128.1126.4125.6125.2126.4125.5124.1121.3120.9120.6114.3108.7101.495.0
Sogn og Fjordane145.1143.6141.4139.0137.3136.8135.5133.7132.7129.3124.7120.9115.8109.9103.5
Møre og Romsdal203.3200.5194.3193.4190.0188.2187.0183.2181.0177.4171.9166.6159.4151.7144.3
Sør-Trøndelag257.5252.4248.0244.7240.0236.6233.2227.6226.0220.9216.8211.5203.3193.9184.0
Nord-Trøndelag280.2273.0265.1258.4253.0249.3245.2240.7237.6233.8231.1224.5217.1208.1198.0
Nordland259.0254.5245.2238.6232.4228.8225.4224.6221.8224.1218.7211.8202.2190.7179.7
Troms - Romsa257.1255.3241.3235.6226.3228.5220.6215.5211.6204.4199.0189.9182.2169.4157.7
Finnmark - Finnmárku292.7289.3286.9285.1281.0270.6255.6264.0251.1251.0244.9232.1228.1218.0202.0

Table 4 
Holdings by size of agricultural area in use and county

Holdings by size of agricultural area in use and county
Holdings, total- 49 decares50 - 99 decares100 - 199 decares200 - 299 decares300 - 499 decares500 decares or more
200261 8909 97513 47619 55510 5636 2092 112
200358 2318 21112 23018 66910 4046 4242 293
200455 5077 04711 24317 75410 3546 6312 478
200553 0036 41110 14116 76410 1866 8172 684
200651 2185 9989 59715 9019 8366 9632 923
200749 9356 1718 87515 1959 5347 0643 096
200848 8256 2138 66014 4819 1987 0313 242
200947 6886 2738 36313 8678 7976 9883 400
201046 6246 2448 11513 4408 4446 8573 524
201145 6126 0607 99212 9298 2446 7703 617
201244 7946 1437 80612 5047 9526 6743 715
201343 7265 9977 56712 0607 6926 5393 871
201443 0225 9767 42711 6797 4046 4904 046
201542 0185 5107 32811 4497 1576 3854 189
201641 0645 3667 14710 9906 9666 2944 301
 
2016
Østfold2 191188260501407401434
Akershus and Oslo2 108187258477331386469
Hedmark3 243348420705519623628
Oppland4 5094188041 438876638335
Buskerud2 185246454627350281227
Vestfold1 419182242391186197221
Telemark1 39826539738113312597
Aust-Agder688168142181917630
Vest-Agder1 08724223627614114052
Rogaland4 2376155911 079805740407
Hordaland3 11783188479135319563
Sogn og Fjordane2 93449875699044619252
Møre og Romsdal2 636341515747476400157
Sør-Trøndelag2 844228416791578523308
Nord-Trøndelag3 094275341770624675409
Nordland2 143217269530427451249
Troms - Romsa91779122251167191107
Finnmark - Finnmárku314384064566056

Table 5 
Total number of holdings and holdings by type of holder.

Total number of holdings and holdings by type of holder.
Holdings, totalNatural personLegal person
TotalGeneral partnership (joint operations)Joint-stock company, institution etc.
1Comprise mainly joint operations with milk production.
2Comprise mainly holdings in horticulture.
200455 50753 3762 1311 813318
200553 00350 4762 5272 184343
200651 21848 4172 8012 429372
200749 93546 9392 9962 582414
200848 82545 6793 1462 667479
200947 68844 6523 0362 533503
201046 62443 7662 8582 379479
201145 61242 9392 6732 164509
201244 79442 3032 4911 994497
201343 72641 3312 3951 902493
201443 02240 7302 2921 795497
201542 01839 7672 2511 704547
201641 06438 9762 0881 537551
 
2016
Østfold2 1912 114775522
Akershus and Oslo2 1082 020883652
Hedmark3 2433 1161279235
Oppland4 5094 27023919940
Buskerud2 1852 087985246
Vestfold1 4191 340793148
Telemark1 3981 346522428
Aust-Agder688659291316
Vest-Agder1 0871 031563422
Rogaland4 2373 97326421054
Hordaland3 1172 97514210240
Sogn og Fjordane2 9342 79613811523
Møre og Romsdal2 6362 48215413321
Sør-Trøndelag2 8442 70613810038
Nord-Trøndelag3 0942 89420017624
Nordland2 1432 00713611125
Troms - Romsa917872453213
Finnmark - Finnmárku31428826224
Agricultural area in use
0 decares11 0108601508664
1 - 4 decares216712443439
5 - 49 decares4 1893 916273144129
50 - 99 decares7 1476 91723015278
100 - 199 decares10 99010 70428621472
200 - 299 decares6 9666 73323318746
300 - 499 decares6 2946 00129324548
500 decares or more4 3013 72158050575

Table 6 
Agricultural area by use. Decares

Agricultural area by use. Decares
2016201520142013201220112010200920082007200620052004200320022001
Agricultural area in use, total9 824 5269 860 3559 867 6799 871 4289 928 6349 989 18710 059 85710 142 87410 244 88310 320 19810 344 60710 354 23610 397 28810 403 85610 466 21710 467 172
Cultivated land8 071 9958 101 6278 111 3458 107 5158 163 2888 223 6378 301 4648 394 8108 493 5108 574 3778 627 6238 662 4628 736 9578 759 4258 831 4748 861 809
 
Open fields and gardens3 326 2073 302 4513 325 9753 350 4903 434 2593 476 1603 535 9853 566 3593 609 2453 668 8373 731 3233 804 4753 845 4683 854 2973 914 4993 996 958
Grain and oil seeds2 886 3962 861 9532 878 4652 895 1962 996 9943 039 5263 070 7023 104 1193 138 3193 181 0563 246 9453 319 0473 351 1953 342 1233 378 0963 389 895
Wheat667 904857 572791 699548 392669 825738 901720 820815 997931 697912 150857 477808 168853 414757 563637 917636 014
Rye......00000::::::::
Triticale45 460104 13060 94730 14414 76152 80567 59571 22181 69476 30260 58369 40072 36844 58024 06627 564
Barley1 371 8491 232 9161 265 0551 593 8711 565 3461 479 7461 461 8001 363 3851 299 0671 406 7491 524 2601 632 9871 490 2491 616 1541 806 0201 768 465
Oats759 724632 550719 765688 166692 189716 049761 143810 310777 747723 853739 486741 557866 627848 462800 163849 081
Mixed grain and dry peas......00000-::-----
Oil seeds41 45934 78540 99934 62354 87352 02559 34443 20648 11462 00265 13966 93568 53775 364109 930108 771
Potato119 724118 355123 452126 340126 681128 963132 399137 485143 212144 658140 460137 344141 857145 758152 264152 387
Roots for feed, crops for green fodder and silage......00000::::::::
Crops for green fodder and silage90 36999 648112 783122 053105 190102 117119 319119 761130 566137 325149 117155 402176 259196 288206 181270 793
Vegetables, field grown82 76376 76875 64570 78271 24868 68371 22072 27176 28876 83969 77468 63564 64064 45162 18663 781
Strawberries15 35816 35216 78515 65415 12714 38513 90714 66015 23316 90417 89417 52417 54318 21118 94917 624
Other crops122 195117 971109 765101 499107 160112 178117 660108 28396 247103 47097 34394 88681 45171 39181 08982 477
Fallow land9 40211 4049 08018 96611 85910 19610 7789 7809 3808 5859 79011 63712 52316 07515 73420 001
Meadows for mowing and pastures6 498 3196 557 9046 541 7046 520 9386 494 3756 513 1396 523 8726 576 5156 635 6386 651 3616 613 2846 549 7616 551 8206 549 5596 551 7186 470 214
Cultivatind meadows4 745 7884 799 1764 785 3704 757 0494 729 0294 747 5894 765 4794 828 4514 884 2654 905 5404 896 3004 857 9874 891 4894 905 1284 916 9754 864 851
Permanent grassland and surface cultivated land1 752 5311 758 7281 756 3341 763 8891 765 3461 765 5501 758 3931 748 0641 751 3731 745 8211 716 9841 691 7741 660 3311 644 4311 634 7431 605 363
Surfacecultivated meadows194 763197 670198 514199 525201 281200 655207 036224 545243 272253 754261 102267 700269 506273 820280 666282 437
Other infield pastureland1 557 7681 561 0581 557 8201 564 3641 564 0651 564 8951 551 3571 523 5191 508 1011 492 0671 455 8821 424 0741 390 8251 370 6111 354 0771 322 926

About the statistics

The statistics give information about the number of agricultural holdings, their size and type of farming and the input of agricultural area in use and number of livestock.

 

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Agricultural holding

A single unit both technically and economically, which has single management and which produces agricultural products. The holding is independent of municipality boundaries. The agricultural holding's headquarter must be located to an agricultural property.

 

Agricultural area in use

Agricultural land that is harvested at least once during a year, including planted area of permanent crops, where no harvest has been produced so far. Includes also arable land included in the crop rotation system with no intention to produce a harvest during the year, but which will be harvested the next year.

 

Type of farming of an agricultural holding

The type of farming of a holding is determined by the contribution ratio of the different crop and livestock enterprises to its total agricultural production. The standard gross margin is applied as the common measurement of the various enterprises (crop and livestock).

 

Standard gross margin of an agricultural holding

The standard gross margin (SGM) is the balance between the standard value of output and the standard value of certain direct costs. SGMs are calculated at regional level per area unit (decare, square metre) and head of livestock for related crops and livestock categories. The SGM for an enterprise within the holding is the SGM per area unit/head of livestock multiplied by the total of the relevant crop/livestock category. The total SGM of the holding is the sum of all enterprises run by the holding.



Type of farming and Standard gross margin are described in Rapport 2003/23

Standard classifications

County where the holding is located, size of holding expressed in decares of utilized agricultural area and type of farming of the holding.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Structure of agriculture
Topic: Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Primary Industry Statistics

Regional level

County. Municipality.

Frequency and timeliness

Annual.

Reference date 31 July.

International reporting

Statistics are reported both to EU and FAO.

Microdata

A data file with anonymous individual data is stored at Statistics Norway.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose is to obtain information about the number of agricultural holdings, their size and type of farming and the input of agricultural area in use and number of livestock.

Separate, complete agricultural censuses were held in 1907, 1918, 1929, 1939, 1949, 1959, 1969 and 1999. In 1979 and 1989 full censuses of agriculture and forestry were held. The results from the full censuses provided important input to planning, clarification and decision-making by public authorities and agricultural administration at central and local level. As from 2000, Statistics Norway has established an integrated system for yearly updating the agricultural population of holdings and holders by matching several administrative and statistical registers.

Users and applications

The main users of the statistics are the Ministry of Agriculture and Food, the Norwegian Agricultural Economics Research Institute, the Agricultural Budget Commission, the Norwegian Farmers Union, the Norwegian Smallholders Union etc.

Equal treatment of users

Not relevant

Coherence with other statistics

Based on application for govermental grants, The Norwegian Agricultural Authority give statistics on livestock and use of agricultural area. Statistics Norway includes holdings which do not apply for governmental grants when working out statistics about structure of agricultural holdings. These holdings constitutes about 3-4 per cent of all holdings, and 1 per cent of agricultural area in use.

Legal authority

Statistical Act §§2-1, 3-2.

EEA reference

Council Regulation no. 571/88 and 2467/96, Commision Regulation no. 2000/115.

Production

Population

The statistics comprises all active farms with production for sale.

Data sources and sampling

As from 2000, the total population of holdings is established by use of the administrative Farm Register combined with various other administrative data sources and statistical registers:

  • Applications for governmental grants
  • Approved carcasses
  • Deliveries of cereals
  • Complete agricultural censuses
  • Sample surveys of agriculture
  • Business registers

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The statistics are based on collocation of data files that have been separately edited when established.

3-4 per cent of the holdings do not apply for governmental grants. For most of these holdings, agricultural area in use and livestock are derived from data on deliveries of cereals and oil seed and delivered animals to the slaughterhouses etc.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Figures are not presented if there is a risk of identifying any unit.

Comparability over time and space

The statistics are essentially comparable with information from the previous complete censuses. Censuses up to 1979 included all cultivation of crops and all livestock, irrespective of holding size. In previous census publications, many tables were limited to comprise holdings operating at least 5 decares of agricultural land. Almost all the agricultural business took place at these holdings, whereas holdings operating less than 5 decares generally represented hobby-like production for own household consumption.

From 1989 to 1999 the number of joint operations with cow/goat milk production increased greatly. These holdings were registered without agricultural area in use. Instead, area used for the production of feed and pasturing was allocated to holdings of those involved in joint operations. If the 1999 Census had included only holdings operating at least 5 decares of agricultural area, a substantial part of cattle rearing would have been excluded as well as some quite substantial horticulture holdings. Most of the tables from the 1999 and later therefore include some holdings operating less than 5 decares of agricultural area. In censuses before 1999 the holdings were limited by municipal boundaries. In 2009, a governmental grant was introduced for holdings keeping at least 25 beehives. From 2008 to 2009 this caused an increase of about 300 holdings with solely beehives.

Agricultural area and crops
Two conditions refer to the definition of agricultural area:
As from the 1990’s it was possible to receive subsidies for unfertilized fenced-in pasture, so-called infield pasturelands. Previously such areas had to be fertilized and were thus referred to as fertilized pasture. In previous censuses (primarily the 1989 Census), fertilized pasture was lumped together with natural meadows and surface-cultivated meadows. The introduction of infield pasturelands has led to the inclusion of some new areas as agricultural area. From 1989 to 1999 the area of surface-cultivated meadows and infield pasturelands increased with a total of 418 000 decares. One important reason for this relatively great increase is the fact that introduction of area-based subsidies made it more profitable for the farmers to include also marginal agricultural land in their applications.

In previous censuses, lawns and ornamental gardens were included in agricultural area. In the 1989 Agricultural Census, lawns and ornamental gardens constituted 46 000 decares. In the 1999 Agricultural Census and later, agricultural area does not include lawns and ornamental gardens at the holdings.

Furthermore, it should be noted that in 1999 and later, crop areas are given in decares without decimals. In previous censuses, all crop areas were given in decares with one decimal. Thus areas less than 1 decare is scarcely included in 1999. This is largely reflected in the figures for potatoes, field-grown vegetables, fruit and berries, and particularly for the number of holdings growing these crops.

Livestock
The livestock figures are as per 31 July, except sheep for which the census date is 1 June, or the day they are released for grazing. In previous censuses, the census day has been 20 June or 1 June. Postponing the date by 1-2 months hardly affects livestock figures. Optimizing the number of animals in relation to the registration date of application for subsidy is probably of more significance.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The most important source of error is that the holders may fill in incorrect information when they apply for governmental grants. In most cases this will be discovered and corrected by the local agricultural authority. Nevertheless, occasional errors that do not influence on the holders grants can be ignored. Furthermore, errors may also originate during the scanning of the forms despite of the fact that controls are executed.

It is difficult to decide whether a holding not applying for governemntal grants is operated on the reference date (31 July) ore not.

Revision

Not relevant

Contact