290240
/en/jord-skog-jakt-og-fiskeri/statistikker/skogav/aar-endelige
290240
statistikk
2017-09-22T08:00:00.000Z
Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
en
skogav, Commercial roundwood removals, timber price, quantity timber cut, felling, forest waste, spruce, pine, broad-leaved trees, firewood, pulp wood, saw logsForestry , Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
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Commercial roundwood removals

Updated

Next update

Key figures

3 %

decrease in timber prices from 2015 to 2016

Commercial roundwood removals
2016Price change, per cent
1000 cubic metresNOK per cubic metre2015 - 20162011 - 2016
Total10 304329-3-9
Spruce
Saw logs4 042434-11
Pulpwood3 131206-2-30
Unsorted saw logs417288-9-13
Pine
Saw logs1 413435-3-2
Pulpwood1 020190-1-34
Unsorted saw logs83242-14-34
Broad-leaved
Saw logs7284-15-37
Pulpwood191200-1-34
Unsorted saw logs..:::

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Average price on timber, by county. NOK per m3

Average price on timber, by county. NOK per m3
20152016
NOK/m³NOK/m³
The whole country339329
Østfold369355
Akershus362349
Oslo370385
Hedmark355346
Oppland332328
Buskerud347332
Vestfold350339
Telemark338320
Aust-Agder337328
Vest-Agder335329
Rogaland298293
Hordaland297285
Sogn og Fjordane311287
Møre og Romsdal303293
Sør-Trøndelag289289
Nord-Trøndelag295291
Nordland269257
Troms - Romsa230252
Finnmark - Finnmárku292294

Table 2 
Commercial roundwood removals, by species of tree. County

Commercial roundwood removals, by species of tree. County
20152016
1 000 m3NOK million1 000 m3NOK million
Total removalsSprucePineBroad-leavedGross valueTotal removalsSprucePineBroad-leavedGross value
The whole country10 1127 4952 4491683 42710 3037 5902 5161973 388
Østfold7525681622227871352517018253
Akershus7205651431226175158415116262
Oslo3330211237351114
Hedmark2 8641 872908841 0152 8231 83888798977
Oppland1 2691 02124264211 3291 0502709436
Buskerud997596390113451 02359440623340
Vestfold363335208127344315209117
Telemark60438921052046133902158196
Aust-Agder35618416841203921931954129
Vest-Agder2561946118626320953186
Rogaland1361181804115213517-45
Hordaland2282161206832230814-92
Sogn og Fjordane11511320361431394-41
Møre og Romsdal2802562318532330417295
Sør-Trøndelag424374473122383330512111
Nord-Trøndelag520497185153503481184146
Nordland171165244617315615245
Troms - Romsa13391362312
Finnmark - Finnmárku11-11-37-7-2

Table 3 
Imports and exports of timber. Cubic metres

Imports and exports of timber. Cubic metres
ImportsEksports
201420152016201420152016
In total446 875378 028416 7973 288 3323 984 8473 520 837
Saw logs, coniferous129 462103 52380 8391 024 8821 381 2681 095 225
Pulpwood, coniferous311 652272 242334 1172 141 2002 490 3122 280 812
Pulpwood, birch116243972108 109109 600137 551
Other5 6452 02086914 1413 6677 249

Table 4 
Fuelwood removals (roundwood). 1 000 m³

Fuelwood removals (roundwood). 1 000 m³1
20122013201420152016
1The wood fuel figures are estimates based on sample surveys on housholds consumption of fuel wood.
Fuelwood in total3 0182 1741 8252 0391 974
Fuelwood broad-leaved1 9921 4351 2051 3461 303
Fuelwood coniferous1 026739621693671

About the statistics

The statistics comprise all commercial roundwood removal except wood fuel, and also show what prices the forest owners obtain for different assortments.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Industrial roundwood

All commercial roundwood removal except wood fuel.

Gross value of industrial wood

Value of the wood at the place of delivery to buyer (road, factory yard etc.).

Assortments

  • Special timber includes poles, veneer logs, saw logs of veneer quality, and other timber of special high quality.
  • First class saw logs refer to saw logs classified as first class according to measurement regulations. From 2012 first class saw logs is a outgoing assortment.
  • Second class saw logs refer to saw logs classified as second class according to measurement regulations.  From 2012 second class saw logs is a outgoing assortment.
  • Other saw logs comprise ordinary top-scaled and mid-scaled saw logs and other logs suitable for sawing, not measured in quality classes.
  • Unsorted saw logs and pulpwood comprise timber measured in tree length, wood sold as stumpage and other unsorted roundwood containing both saw logs and pulpwood. First and second class of saw logs is outgoing. From 2012 the most of saw logs are included in Unsorted saw logs.
  • Pulpwood comprises roundwood generally used in the pulp industries and the fibreboard and particle board industries. Top-scaled timber (timber suitable for sawing) used in these industries is not included.
  • Other roundwood comprises roundwood used for manufacture of cases and casks, pitprops and mining timber, pilings, fence wood, posts etc.
  • Wood fuel refers to roundwood sold for fuel.

Buyer Groups (Not in use from 2015)

  • Sawmills and wood industries comprise sawmills, manufacture of cases and casks, and prefabrication of wooden houses and wooden structures.
  • Pulp industries include the manufacture of mechanical and chemical pulp.
  • Fibre and particle board industries comprise wallboard and particle board production only.
  • Other Norwegian buyers comprise wood preserving industries, the manufacture of wood furniture and fixtures, charcoal, wood flour, wood wool, veneer and flooring, matches, ship and boat-building as well as all other buyers not included in other groups. Until 1998, wood for export was included.
  • Foreign buyers include sawmills, industry or other buyers outside Norway. These buyers were included in "Other buyers" until 1998.

Standard classifications

Tree species and assortment used by commercial roundwood removals

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Commercial roundwood removals
Topic: Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Primary Industry Statistics

Regional level

Preliminary figures are given at county-level and final figures at municipality-level.

Frequency and timeliness

Frequency: Annually until 2007. From 2007 figures are published quarterly.

Actuality: Preliminary figures are published within 4 weeks and final figures within 35 weeks after the end of the registration period.

International reporting

Annually report to Eurostat, UNECE, FAO and ITTO by the Joint Forest Sector Questionaire.

Since 2007 monthly report to a website on Baltic Nordic roundwood prices.

Microdata

Microdata are stored in Statistics Norway.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the statistics is to provide detailed information at municipal level on commercial roundwood removals.

The statistics date back to 1918/19, but annual figures at municipal level are available from the working year 1936/37. At that time, statistics only covered quantity cut distributed by industrial wood and wood fuel of coniferous and broad leaved species.

Since then the following changes have been made:

  • Buyer group was included from the working year 1962/63
  • Gross value was included from the working year 1965/66
  • The division of the assortments has varied over the course of time. The division used today was introduced in the working year 1970/71.
  • Seller group was included from the working year 1980/81
  • From 1996 the statistics follow the calendar year
  • From 2006 the statistics do not include figures on wood fuel
  • From 2006 average roundwood prices per cubic metre are provided

Users and applications

The statistics are used by public authorities, research and educational institutions, professional and industrial bodies, international organisations etc. The results are also used in the Aggregate account of forestry prepared by Statistics Norway.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. Read more about principles for equal treatement of all users on ssb.no.

Coherence with other statistics

Final results are almost equal to preliminary results at county level and country level, but can differ considerably at municipal level.

Some other public institutions publish roundwood removals statistics by account periode based on the Forest Trust Fund. Statistics Norway publishes the statistics by scaling periode.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§2-1 and 3-2

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

The statistics cover all industrial roundwood for sale. The wood registered is net removals excluding rot, unusable tops, etc. The quantity cut is given in cubic metres of solid wood inside bark by assortments, seller groups and buyer groups.

Until 1995/96, the statistics followed the working year (1 August-31 July). Since 1996, the figures have referred to calendar years.

Figures on wood fuel have not been included since 2006.

The figures are published annually.

Data sources and sampling

Until 31 December 1995, quantities cut for sale from private forests and municipal forests were reported by the municipal forest administration, and wood from common forests and State forests by their respective management. The reports were collected by the forest administration in each county and forwarded to Statistics Norway.

Since January 1996, the figures on industrial wood have been provided by the Norwegian Agriculture Agency through the Register of Timber Trade and Diverted Forest Trust Fund. The firm Skog-Data AS manages the register. The data in the register comes from the scaling of the timber sold. As from 2015 data are received from The Directorate of Agreculture.

The figures on wood fuel have not been included since 2006. Before 2006, figures on wood fuel were estimated by the County Department of Agricultural Affairs.

All quantities of roundwood cut for sale during a calendar year are scaled and reported to Skog-Data AS.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Because of the changeover from one data source to another on 1 January 1996, the statistics for the working year 1995/96 are based on both the reports by the municipal forest administration and the Register of Timber Trade and Diverted Forest Trust Fund. Data for removals in the period 1 August to 31 December 1995 were reported on paper forms from the municipal forest administration and the management of common and State forests. Data for removals in the period 1 January to 31 July 1996 were collected electronically from Skog-Data AS. Since 1996, the data have been based on all scaled quantities of roundwood reported to Skog-Data AS. Quantities sold as stumpage are registered when the sales contract is signed.

The data are checked in Statistics Norway with the focus on likely buyer group and likely price level for each assortment. Missing information is collected from the County Department of Agricultural Affairs. Corrections and additional payments that refer to another year are removed, if discovered.

Roundwood quantity and gross margin are summarised per municipality, assortment, buyer and seller group. The average price per assortment is then estimated.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Any statistics based on three respondents or less are not published.

Comparability over time and space

The breaks in the time series are explained in chapter 2.1.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The statistics on industrial wood removals are thought to be quite accurate at county level. Sources of errors are corrections and additional payments registered with insufficient information.

The quantities given in the assortment "Unsorted saw logs and pulpwood" are probably too high. This is due to the fact that some of the roundwood removals are reported on paper forms where assortments are not specified. These removals are all registered as "Unsorted saw logs and pulpwood". Wood sold as stumpage is included in "Unsorted saw logs and pulpwood". Wood sold as stumpage may be harvested another year than it is sold. Since 1996, the gross value of this wood has excluded costs for cutting and hauling. These two circumstances explain the varying average prices for this assortment.

Revision

Not relevant

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