275852
/en/jord-skog-jakt-og-fiskeri/statistikker/jordmil/veksthus
275852
Reduced use of chemical pesticides on greenhouse vegetables
statistikk
2016-09-27T08:00:00.000Z
Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing;Nature and the environment
en
jordmil, Pesticide use, farmland sprayed with pesticides, fungicides, herbicides, pesticides, phytohormones, chemical pesticidesAgriculture , Pollution and climate, Nature and the environment, Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
true
Survey on pesticide usage on protected crops in greenhouses comprising cut flowers, ornamental plants, lettuce, herbs, tomatoes and cucumbers.

Pesticide use

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

92 %

of the tomato area were treated with biological control agents

Use of biological control agents and chemical pesticides in greenhouses
Holdings with greenhouses, totalGreenhouse area, total (1 000 m²)Share of area treated with biological control agentsShare of area treated at least once with chemical pesticides
1Includes flowering pottes plants, bedding plants and decorative plants.
Corrected 28 September 2016.
2015
Cut flowers22542054
Ornamental crops12907153285
Flowering potted plants942955690
Bedding plants1874081582
Decorative plants9113764
Lettuce311376650
Tomatoes784669213
Cucumbers613609653
Herbs36122942

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Use of biological control agents in greenhouses

Use of biological control agents in greenhouses
Holdings with greenhouse, totalShare of holdings using biological control agents (per cent)Greenhouse area, total (1 000 m²)Share of area treated (per cent)Duration of crop (weeks)
1Ornamental crops includes flowering potted plants, bedding plants and decorative plants.
Corrected 28 September 2016.
2015
Cut flowers2236542045
Ornamental crops12904271532:
Flowering potted plants94672955633
Bedding plants187304081519
Decorative plants944113725
Lettuce31581376642
Herbs36861229426
Tomatoes78764669230
Cucumbers61923609633

Table 2 
Use of chemical pesticides in greenhouses

Use of chemical pesticides in greenhouses
Holdings with greenhouses, totalShare of holdings using chemical pesticides (per cent)Greenhouse area, total (1 000 m²)Share of area treated at least once (per cent)
1Ornamental crops includes flowering potted plants, bedding plants and decorative plants.
Corrected 28 September 2016.
2015
Cut flowers22735454
Ornamental crops12907571585
Flowering potted plants948529590
Bedding plants1877140882
Decorative plants9441164
Lettuce315813750
Tomatoes782246613
Cucumbers614336053
Herbs36171222

Table 3 
Accumulated pesticide treated area by main type of chemical pesticides. Per cent

Accumulated pesticide treated area by main type of chemical pesticides. Per cent
Gross treated area (1 000 m²)Fungicides (1 000 m2)Insecticides (1 000 m2)Growth regulators (1 000 m2)
1Ornamental crops includes flowering potted plants, bedding plants and decorative plants.
Corrected 28 September 2016.
2015
Cut flowers1 0513664-
Ornamental crops116 12631167102
Flowering potted plants11 48764054
Bedding plants4 613124741
Decorative plants2713807
Lettuce307-100-
Tomatoes1141783-
Cucumbers1 1698416-
Herbs3-100-

About the statistics

The statistics show the use of pesticides and biological control agents in greenhouses and pesticide use in agriculture.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Agricultural holding

A single unit both technically and economically, which has single management and which produces agricultural products. The holding is independent of municipality boundaries. The agricultural holding's headquarter must be located to an agricultural property.

Plant protection product

Substance whose purpose is to protect against or hamper attack on plants from harmful organisms, like animal pests, fungi and weeds, which cause harm to living plants, parts of plants or seed. Pesticides also include inter alia growth regulators and substances that kill parts of a plant.

The survey does not include pesticides used for staining of seeds or juvenile plants before they are planted out.

Agricultural area in use

Agricultural land that is harvested at least once during a year, including planted area of permanent crops, where no harvest has been produced so far. Includes also arable land included in the crop rotation system with no intention to produce a harvest during the year, but which will be harvested the next year.

Plot

A plot of land is the part of a field (or its entirety) used for a specific crop or a combination of crops.

Spot spraying

Spraying of part of plot, borderlines or against a particularly pest, e.g. nortern dock.

Meadows and pastureland

Includes cultivated and surface-cultivated meadow for mowing and pasturing including infield pasture.

Grain and oil-seeds

Includes barley, oats, spring wheat, winter wheat and oil-seeds. The survey does not include rye and triticale.

Taxes on pesticides

The taxes on pesticides consist of environmental taxes and control taxes.

Treated area

The basic area treated defined as the physical area of the crop treated at least once with a given active substance or group of substances, independently of the number of applications.

Gross treated area

The aggregate area of all repeated applications of any given plant protection product or group of plant protection products.

 

Standard classifications

Agricultural area in use (concerning the survey of pesticide usage on arable crops):
0-99 decares
100-199 decares 
200-299 decares 
300- decares

Potato area: 
1-4 decares 
5-19 decares 
20-49 decares 
50- decares

Onion area: 
1-19 decares 
20- decares

Carrot, strawberry or apple area: 
1-4 decares 
5-19 decares 
20- decares

Meadows and pastureland, barley, oats or spring wheat area: 
1-49 decares 
50-99 decares 
100-199 decares 
200- decares

Winter wheat area: 
1-19 decares 
20-49 decares 
50-99 decares 
100- decares

Oil-seeds area: 
1-49 decares 
50- decares

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Pesticide use
Topic: Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

Responsible division

Division for Primary Industry Statistics

Regional level

Only statistics for the whole country.

Frequency and timeliness

Every second or third year.

International reporting

Eurostat

Microdata

A data file with anonymous individual data is stored at Statistics Norway.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the survey, which is partly financed by the Norwegian Ministry of Agriculture and Food, is to shed light on pesticide use in agriculture.

 The survey results serve as input to national authorities when monitoring and assessing health and environmental hazards of pesticide use.

The first survey of pesticide usage on arable crops was carried out for 2001, whereas the first on greenhouses was carried out for 2008.

Users and applications

Public administration and research institutions within agriculture and the environmental sector as well as professional organizations in agriculture.

Equal treatment of users

Not relevant

Coherence with other statistics

The survey are based on "Guidelines for the Collection of Pesticide Usage Statistics within Agriculture and Horticulture" and A common methodology for the collection of pesticide usage statistics within agriculture and horticulture; issued by Eurostat.

Legal authority

Voluntary survey.

EEA reference

REGULATION (EC) No 1185/2009 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 25 November 2009 concerning statistics on pesticides.

Production

Population

The survey of pesticide use in greenhouse production comprises the following crops: cut flowers, flowering potted plants, bedding plants, decorative plants, lettuce, herbs, tomatoes and cucumbers.

The survey of pesticide usage on arable crops comprises the following crops: potatoes, onions, common cabbage, carrots, strawberries, apples, meadows and pastureland, barley, oats, spring wheat, winter wheat and oil-seeds. These crops comprised about 96 per cent of total agricultural area in use. The basic population for the survey was holdings applying for governmental subsidies as per 31 July. Holdings with mainly organic production or holdings under conversion to organic production were omitted.

Data sources and sampling

Most of the data have been gathered via a questionnaire-based sample study. Area data from a survey concerning yield of crops in horticulture were used as frame for ornamental plants, lettuce, herbs, tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, common cabbage and carrots. For other crops, area data from the application for governmental subsidies were used as frame. Area data from these data sources were also used when presenting results from the survey.

The gross sample for the survey of pesticide usage in greenhouse production included 405 holdings in 2015. It was voluntary to respond the questionnaire. Nevertheless, the survey got a response rate of 84 per cent.

The gross sample for the survey of pesticide usage on arable crops included 4 234 holdings in 2014. It was voluntary to respond the questionnaire. The survey as a whole had a response rate of 59 per cent.

The sample for the survey of pesticide usage on arable crops was drawn in three steps:

  • In step 1, the crops were ranged from the crop with fewest holdings to the crop with most holdings.
  • In step 2 a measure for expected total use of pesticides per holding was estimated. Within each crop this load was proportionally distributed according to agricultural area of the holding (4 classes). The number of units in each sub-sample (crop) were proportionally distributed according to this distribution.
  • In step 3 the holdings within each area class were sorted by number of crops and load before drawing the sample.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data for the survey of pesticide use in greenhouse production was collected electronically. The questionnaire was made available to the respondents in January. Two written reminders were sent. The questionnaires were registered and then edited with aid of a computerized error-detection program.

Data for the survey of pesticide usage on arable crops was collected via a questionnaire distributed by mail to the person who according to the application for production subsidies was holder of the holding. The questionnaire was mailed to the respondents in December. One written reminder was sent.

The questionnaires were registered, optically scanned and then edited with aid of a computerized error-detection program. Data from applications for agricultural production subsidies were used during the control.

Concerning the survey of pesticide usage on arable crops the holdings in the population and in the sample were stratified by agricultural area in use (4 classes) and area of the surveyed crop (2-4 classes). The estimated weights had to give the correct number of holdings by agricultural area in use and by area of the surveyed crop. Furthermore, the weights had to give the correct area of the surveyed crops by the same stratification.

The holdings in the sample and in the population were stratified by utilized agricultural area (4 classes) and area of surveyed crops (2-4 classes). The estimated weights should give the correct number of holdings by utilized agricultural area and by area of the surveyed crops. Furthermore, the estimated weights should give the correct area of the surveyed crops by the same classification.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

All results of a sample survey have a certain sampling error. The sampling error has been assessed by means of the number of observations and the coefficient of variation (VAR). The presentation of results is based on the following guidelines:

 

Max VAR - presentation of figures

Interval of VAR - presentation of figures in brackets

Min. no of observations

The whole country

-5 %

5 - -10 %

100

Subtotals/divisions

-10 %

10 - -20 %

20

Particulars within subtotals/divisions

- 20 %

20 - -30 %

10

Figures with greater VAR and/or based on fewer observations than described above are not presented and are thus indicated as colon (:). However, the guidelines have been derogated in a few cases where the VAR are just over the limits and there are quite many observations.

 

Comparability over time and space

The first survey of pesticide use in greenhouse production was carried out in 2008. The surveys conducted in 2012 and 2015 had different methodology and the results are not directly comparable.

Surveys using the same methodology concerning pesticide usage on arable crops in Norway were carried out in 2001, 2003, 2005, 2008, 2011 and 2014.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Although measurement errors from the respondent may occur, the extent has not been investigated. Errors in connection with processing are expected to occur.

Farmers have to register use of pesticides in a log-book (fields and crops treated, pesticide products, doses and time of spraying). The farmers can use this information when completing the questionnaire.

Revision

Not relevant

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