257007
/en/jord-skog-jakt-og-fiskeri/statistikker/fiskeoppdrett/aar
257007
All-time high for Norwegian salmon
statistikk
2016-10-28T08:00:00.000Z
Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
en
fiskeoppdrett, Aquaculture, fish farming, salmon, rainbow trout, shellfish, char, cod, halibut, fish farm, hatcheries, hatchery-produced fish, operating licences, employeesAquaculture , Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
true
Aquaculture, fish farming, reared salmon. Sales generated NOK 46.9 billion in 2015.

Aquaculture

Updated

Next update

Key figures

6.3 % 

increase in first-hand value of salmon from 2014 to 2015

Aquaculture
Fish for food (tonnes)SharePer centFirst hand valuePer cent
2014 - 2015(NOK million)2014 - 2015
2015
Total1 380 841100.03.646 8645.7
Salmon1 303 34694.43.644 4396.3
Rainbow trout73 0075.35.82 221-3.6
Char2600.0:16:
Cod:::::
Halibut1 2440.1-1.014325.1
Shellfish2 7730.237.529103.2
Other fish species:::::

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Sales of shellfish, by species. Tonnes and NOK 1000

Sales of shellfish, by species. Tonnes and NOK 1000
QuantityFirst hand value
TotalBlue musselsGreat Atlantic scallopsFlat and cupped oystersOther speciesTotalBlue musselsGreat Atlantic scallopsFlat and cupped oystersOther species
20054 9044 885321423 79120 4791501902 972
20063 7493 714413021 69115 292762946 029
20073 2043 165643018 72412 6331654545 472
20082 0532 035431113 8199 9051804673 267
20091 7281 649846812 8567 4693245334 530
20102 0011 9301025918 7468 2383632989 846
20111 9261 74213216925 3657 97263223216 529
20122 0011 9672121110 9507 7285191792 524
20132 3632 328235713 10410 3435404811 739
20142 0161 9831341514 42710 3443003953 388
20152 7732 73121101129 31025 1105015763 124

Table 2 
Stock of live fish for food, by species of fish and county. All fish species. 1 000 pieces

Stock of live fish for food, by species of fish and county. All fish species. 1 000 pieces
2015
1 000 piecesPer cent
Stock per 1 JanuarySuppliesDelivered for saleLossStock per 31 DecemberLoss
The whole country
Total409 903334 378281 52955 767406 98513.7
Salmon382 119312 726262 56251 751380 53213.6
Rainbow trout24 86220 06018 1473 56423 21114.8
Other fish species2 9221 5928204523 24214.7
Rogaland
Total28 97419 85816 5694 27627 98715.0
Salmon28 00319 39216 4464 18826 76115.3
Rainbow trout3788102730.3
Other fish species934458115781 1997.3
Hordaland
Total61 91156 66041 32110 87266 37616.9
Salmon49 89245 94432 5388 97054 32717.2
Rainbow trout12 01410 6008 7831 87111 95915.6
Other fish species51160319065.4
Sogn og Fjordane
Total35 88229 62324 6803 97936 84610.9
Salmon29 69024 20120 2073 10430 58110.3
Rainbow trout::::::
Other fish species::::::
Møre og Romsdal
Total52 53817 38539 3265 66724 93114.6
Salmon48 41014 95236 3195 26121 78315.0
Rainbow trout::::::
Other fish species::::::
Sør-Trøndelag
Total34 88953 41826 2065 38656 71711.8
Salmon34 03553 24326 0275 21556 03711.6
Rainbow trout::::::
Other fish species::::::
Nord-Trøndelag
Total28 85325 79626 3482 39825 9048.8
Salmon28 85325 61926 3482 39225 7338.8
Rainbow trout::::::
Other fish species::::::
Nordland
Total75 21359 56552 7729 58072 42313.0
Salmon72 83057 61451 3589 12569 96012.8
Rainbow trout1 9311 5399763772 11518.7
Other fish species4524124387834819.5
Troms - Romsa
Total54 16641 15933 8125 35456 1599.7
Salmon53 34541 15933 0745 27156 1599.6
Rainbow trout::::::
Other fish species::::::
Finnmark - Finnmárku
Total30 68024 88016 9027 12731 53122.9
Salmon30 68024 88016 9027 12731 53122.9
Rainbow trout000000.0
Other fish species000000.0
Other Counties
Total6 7966 0343 5931 1288 10915.1
Salmon6 3805 7233 3441 0987 66115.6
Rainbow trout611461096927.3
Other fish species355165140243566.7

Table 3 
Number of licenses running, workers and labour, by type of production and county. Salmon and rainbow trout.

Number of licenses running, workers and labour, by type of production and county. Salmon and rainbow trout.
TotalProduction of fish for foodHatcheries and fingerling production
LicencesPersonsMan-hours (1 000)LicencesPersonsMan-hours (1 000)LicencesPersonsMan-hours (1 000)
20051 1433 0554 2979232 1813 1582208741 139
20061 1363 3534 8239092 3883 5792279651 244
20071 1573 7375 0759292 5373 6272281 2001 448
20081 1423 9195 5139222 7144 0482201 2051 465
20091 2044 2385 7349902 9304 2302141 3081 504
20101 2074 9326 4499943 4564 7912131 4761 658
20111 2255 3166 8671 0163 7845 0752091 5321 792
20121 2065 4267 1941 0063 9695 3642001 4571 830
20131 2085 5657 8631 0184 1776 0281901 3881 835
20141 2045 7598 1411 0154 2986 2391891 4611 902
20151 2566 3528 7441 0674 7546 7431891 5982 001
 
2015
Rogaland884565547431041014146144
Hordaland2241 5181 7741751 1051 33949413435
Sogn og Fjordane1085066319237850916128122
Møre og Romsdal15668899812644168630247312
Sør-Trøndelag1226351 05610547580617160250
Nord-Trøndelag994026388428645415116184
Nordland2199871 4281897351 08330252345
Troms - Romsa112675930103608824967106
Finnmark - Finnmárku9740564393::4::
Other Counties31809226::5::

Table 4 
Sales of slaughteres fish for food. First hand value by fish species and county, NOK 1000

Sales of slaughteres fish for food. First hand value by fish species and county, NOK 1000
TotalSalmonRainbow troutCharCodHalibutShellfishOther fish species
200513 750 84712 178 9451 256 25116 140157 26173 40223 79145 057
200617 608 46315 575 5901 578 77633 290261 37771 15121 69166 588
200717 527 79615 496 2701 553 31216 344247 825114 19418 72481 127
200817 461 42915 225 2621 639 13819 081371 696111 95813 81980 475
200922 456 56720 177 9001 754 37319 304359 837115 81312 85616 484
201030 769 41828 511 9901 729 30421 523347 383121 98518 74618 487
201128 951 88926 924 2781 530 09515 667267 373171 58125 36517 530
201230 039 18027 954 6501 695 93816 500209 863132 87110 95018 407
201340 479 66937 921 5242 289 696:119 990106 89613 104:
201444 334 17141 822 5012 305 130:43 683114 02214 427:
201546 864 08344 438 5432 221 32315 777:142 61329 310:
 
2015
Rogaland2 972 1882 915 617:-::271-
Hordaland6 922 5015 803 8831 117 407---1 211-
Sogn og Fjordane3 950 1723 423 238523 044--:408:
Møre og Romsdal6 013 6525 663 209:--::-
Sør-Trøndelag4 604 6804 576 633::--12 443-
Nord-Trøndelag3 517 9493 506 660----11 289-
Nordland9 283 1949 104 950:14 010::842-
Troms - Romsa5 982 8175 849 406:---:-
Finnmark - Finnmárku3 040 2833 040 283------
Other Counties576 647554 6644 966:--141:

Table 5 
Sales of slaughtered fish for food. Quantity, by fish species and county. Tonnes

Sales of slaughtered fish for food. Quantity, by fish species and county. Tonnes1
TotalSalmonRainbow troutCharCodHalibutShellfishOther fish species
1The quantity is masured in round weight. The conversion factor for weight is changed from 2000.
2005661 426586 35758 6583527 4091 1974 9042 549
2006711 979629 76662 49789711 0871 1853 7492 798
2007842 173744 12577 67339411 1042 3083 2043 365
2008848 266737 25485 56646818 0521 5872 0533 286
2009961 469862 30574 30542120 9241 5681 728218
20101 019 810939 53654 67549221 2401 6102 001256
20111 143 9011 064 86858 55427615 2732 7671 926237
20121 321 1281 232 09474 67830910 0331 7402 001273
20131 247 8651 168 32471 552:3 7701 3852 363:
20141 332 4971 258 35668 986:1 3861 2572 016:
20151 380 8411 303 34673 007260:1 2442 773:
 
2015
Rogaland83 58083 055:-::7-
Hordaland199 715164 05835 628---29-
Sogn og Fjordane120 202100 48419 562--:120:
Møre og Romsdal179 692171 091:--::-
Sør-Trøndelag144 231142 527::--1 137-
Nord-Trøndelag110 584109 298----1 286-
Nordland267 660262 252:238::180-
Troms - Romsa168 046163 767:---:-
Finnmark - Finnmárku90 48290 482------
Other Counties16 64916 332101:--2:

About the statistics

The statistics provide an overview of Norwegian aquaculture and comprise data on stock and loss of live fish for food, sales of slaughtered fish and shellfish, numbers of workers, labour input and acquisitions and sales of fixed assets.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Aquaculture

Production of aquatic organisms. Production is any measures taken to enhance living organisms’ weight, size, number, characteristic or quality.

Licence for aquaculture

A permission to farm fish, shellfish or molluscs in accordance to Norwegian legislation (Aquaculture Act). A permission gives the right for a certain type of production of a certain type of species in a certain extent at one or several stated localities.

Operating licence

A licence is considered in operation if there has been production of fish, roe or fry on the licence during the reference year.

Fish for food

Adult fish produced to be consumed. Production of parent fish and fingerling are not included.

Parent fish

Fish that is used to produce roe and milt in artificial fecundation.

FoU-licence, aquaculture

A licence for aquaculture given for the purpose of experiments, research or instructions.

Fingerling production

Production of roe, fry or smolt with a wiev to transferring to other localities.

Smolt

The name of the fish that is ready to enter the sea. At this time it changes in shape and colour and becomes shiny.

shellfish

Group of molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms.

 

Value

Value-added tax is not included in the tables. The value is current value. The value is first-hand value, except of export and import value. The first hand value corresponds to the value of sold slaughtered fish unrefined fresh or frozen. The value of fish further processed in own plants is included.

Quantity

Quantity is quoted as round weight, except of exported and imported quantity, which is quoted as product weight.

Round weight

The weight of the fish before it is gutted. Fish that is delivered gutted is converted into round weight. From the 2000 series the conversion factor is changed. The NS 9417 is used and for salmon gutted with head the conversion factor is 1.125 and for fish gutted and decapitated 1.266. For rainbow trout the conversion factor is 1,135 for gutted with head and 1,266 for gutted and decapitated.

Loss in aquaculture

Loss of fish during production. The loss is given as the number of fish by cause.

Dead fish

Number of fish taken out of the net cages. The dead can be caused by disease, injury and wound without any further specification.

Discarding when slaughtered

The number of fish discarded when slaughtered because of sexual maturity and defects.

Escaping

The number of fish escaped from the fish farms.

Other

The number of fish lost because of predators, theft and other reasons.

Error in counting

The number of fish adjusted in accordance with original supply.

Standard classifications

Not relevant

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Aquaculture
Topic: Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Primary Industry Statistics

Regional level

County figures and figures for entire country.

County figures are published by the following classification:

  • Rogaland
  • Hordaland
  • Sogn og Fjordane
  • Møre og Romsdal
  • Sør-Trøndelag
  • Nord-Trøndelag
  • Nordland
  • Troms
  • Finnmark
  • Remaining counties

Remaining counties include Oppland, Hedmark, Akershus, Oslo, Buskerud, Telemark, Østfold, Vestfold, Aust-Agder og Vest-Agder.

Frequency and timeliness

Preliminary figures: Annually, ca. 6 months after the reference-period (1.1 - 31.12).

Final figures: Annually, ca. 11 months after the reference-period.

International reporting

The Directorate of Fisheries reports to Eurostat, FAO and OECD.

Microdata

The Directorate of Fisheries and Statistics Norway stores the data files.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the statistics is to publish relevant information and statistics on the development in Norwegian aquaculture (until 2006 the statistics was named Fish farming).

Statistics on fish farming have been composed since 1971. In the two first years, the task was carried out by Statistics Norway. Since then data collection has been conducted by the Directorate of Fisheries. Statistics Norway has always been responsible for preparing and publishing the final statistics.

The figures are compareable over time, but the statistics comprise more details today than in 1971, when the data collection was carried out for the first time. From 1989, statistics on shellfish and other fish species than salmon and trout were included.

Users and applications

The main statistic users are public administrations, different organisations, scientists, students, media and the fish farmers themselves. Foreign organisations are also users of the statistics. The statistics are important as a database for analyses of future development. The material is also used in anlyses and economical estimations internally in Statistics Norway.

The data material is used to fulfil Norway's international obligations to report to a number of international organisations as FAO, Eurostat and OECD. The Directorate of Fisheries are responsible for these reports.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. Read more about principles for equal treatment of all users on ssb.no.

 

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics are published annually in "Today's statistics" on SSB's websites and in the Statbank

The Directorate of Fisheries publishes preliminary figures in Aquaculture statistics. They also publishes figures in their own Statbank.

The information from the questionnaires regarding labour input and production are also utilized in The Directorate of Fisheries' survey "Lønnsomhetsundersøkelse for akvakultur, laks og regnbueørret".

Legal authority

The Directorate of Fisheries collect data with legal basis in Act no. 79 of 17 June 2005: Act relating to aquaculture.

Statistics Norway recieves data from the Directorate of Fisheries according to the Statistics Act §§2-1, 2-2, 3-2.

EEA reference

  • Council Regulation (EU) 762/2008 of 2 Septmeber 2008.

Production

Population

The statistics covers the following types of licence to farm fish and/or shellfish:

  • Fish for food, parent fish and FoU (Research and Education). Salmon, rainbow trout and trout
  • Fry/fingerling. Salmon, rainbow trout and trout
  • Fish for food and fry/fingerling combined. Other fish species than salmon, rainbow trout and trout
  • Shellfish (molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms)

Final figures contain information from all the licences running. Preliminary figures contain information from the majority of all the licences and calculated values from a small number of licences that still has not been reported. The statistics emphasize salmon and rainbow trout. The common term "rainbow trout", refers to 99 per cent rainbow trout (Salmo gaineri L). The remaining one per cent belong to the species brown trout (Salmo trutta).

Other species are char/migratory char, cod, halibut, mackerel, eel, saithe (pollock) and turbot. Figures on char, cod and halibut are published solely, while the remaining species are added up and published as other fish species . Farming of these species concerns both commercially farmed fish and feeding of wild caught fish. Molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms are publlished as "shellfish".  Figures on blue mussel, common scallop and oyster are published solely, while the remaining shellfish species are added up and published as other species .

Data sources and sampling

  • The Directorate of Fisheries' annual questionnaires sent to all the holders of a licence to farm fish and/or shellfish
  • The aquaculture register in Brønnøysund
  • Register for biomass control in the Directorate of Fisheries

Complete survey addressing all holders of a licence (per January the year after the reference-year) to farm fish and/or shellfish.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The Directorate of Fisheries annually sends out a questionnaire to the licencees, meaning those listed in the aquaculture register as of January after the reference year. In accordance to Norwegian legislation, the licencees are under obligation to answer the questionnaires.

To relieve the response burden for companies with several licences, they have as from 2001 only been requiered to fill inn one questionnaire for each type of licence. Companies running licences in several counties still have to fill in seperate questionnaires for each county.

The different questionnaires are:

  • Fish for food, parent fish and FoU (Research and Education). Salmon, rainbow trout and trout
  • Fry/fingerling. Salmon, rainbow trout and trout
  • Fish for food. Other fish species than salmon, rainbow trout and trout
  • Fry/fingerling. Other fish species than salmon, rainbow trout and trout
  • Molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms (Shellfish)

The Directorate of fisheries also publishes figures on cleanerfish and algae.

Each questionnaire has it own guidelines for filling in. The deadline for returning the questionnaires is in March, after the reference year, depending on the type of licence.

Statistics Norway is co-operating with the Directorate of Fisheries and comment on the content of the questionnaires. The Directorate of Fisheries are responsible for sending out, collecting and editing the questionnaires.

Up to and including 1992, Statistics Norway carried out quality control and correction of data. Since then the Directorate of Fisheries has taken over this work. In addition, they have the professional responsibility of the bulk of the quality controls.

The Directorate of Fisheries controls the data both manually and electronically. For each type of questionnaire there has been prepared a list, which contains absolute and possible errors. These lists are constructed on the basis of professional skills and evaluations. On some occasions, when doubts arise, the respondents are contacted.

The salmon and rainbow trout stocks per 1 January and 31 December and the supplies of salmon and rainbow trout during the year comes from the Register for biomass control. The stock data are controlleld by the companies themselves.

In Statistics Norway the data are controlled once more previous to the production of tables and the preparation of the publication. The Directorate of Fisheries is consulted if any changes take place.

Data is presented as total numbers, percentage and average.

As from 2010, the method used to calcualte loss of fish during production was changed. The loss was until 2010 given in per cent of the the stock of fish per 1 January + supply during the year. This method lead to an unrealistic low loss per cent. As from 2010, the loss is given in per cent of average stock of fish during the year.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Figures based on less than three units (transfers) are not published if this causes risk for identifying any of the units concerned.

Comparability over time and space

Statistics on sales for food in 1991 were not published because of unreliable data.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Statistical data might contain errors. The data from the farmers are of varying quality. In all likelihood the most important error is that some respondents might have given faulty or wrong information.

The routines of revision imply several controls revealing possible and absolute errors. The possible errors are revealed when the variables are outside intervals constructed on the basis of professional assessment. If such intervals are constructed wrongly or/and with bias in any sense, compared to the reality, it will certainly depreciate the quality of the statistics.

Licences with no stocks at the end of the year, and/or licences that were not registered with the Directorate of Fisheries' Register for biomass control, are assumed not to be running the following year.

When the preliminary figures are due to be published, there are usually data missing from a small number of companies that still have not reported. This is corrected with an estimation based on previous years production for these companies and information in the Register for biomass control. Six months after the end of the reference period, the coverage in the survey is about 95 per cent for both fish for food-production and hatcheries (salmon, rainbow trout and trout). When corrected with estimated figures for those licences not reported, this survey represents all licences running in the period of reference. The Directorate of Fisheries therefore concludes that the data material qualitatively can be presented as preliminary statistics.

Revision

Not relevant

Contact