This is an archived release.
Cancer main cause of reduced life expectancy
There were 41 242 deaths registered in Norway in 2006, comprising 21 621 women and 19 621 men. Cardiovascular diseases and cancer were the cause of 60 per cent of all deaths.
Mortality due to cardiovascular diseases is still decreasing and 70 per cent of these deaths were among people 80 years or older. Cancer as the cause of death shows only a moderate decrease. More than 60 per cent of cancer deaths were among people younger than 80 years of age, meaning cancer is the main cause of reduced life expectancies for both sexes.
Smoking related lung diseases on the rise
In 2006 there were 3 767 deaths due to lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, ICD-10 codes J40-J44), an increase of 22 per cent from 1996. Lung cancer was the cause of death for 792 women and 1 209 men, while 838 deaths among women and 928 deaths among men were due to COPD. About 40 per cent of all deaths due to lung cancer were among people younger than 70 years of age. In comparison, only 17 per cent of all deaths due to COPD occurred in the same age group.
Decrease in mortality caused by ischemic heart diseases
Mortality due to ischemic heart diseases, including heart infarction, angina pectoris and atherosclerotic heart disease, continued to decline in 2006, and was down by nearly 35 per cent from 1996.
Most causes of death vary significantly with people’s age and sex. The use of the standard death rate (per 100 000) improves comparability over time within a country and between countries. Using this standardised death rate confirms the decrease in deaths caused by ischemic heart diseases in Norway. The decline in mortality is greater for men than for women. The decrease in deaths caused by these diseases is higher in Norway than in Sweden and Finland. However the level of mortality due to ischemic heart diseases in Norway is still higher than for countries like Spain, Portugal and especially France.
Heart problems main cause of death among those over 80
The central concept for classifying causes of deaths is the “underlying cause of death” which means that each death has only one underlying cause. The statistics is based on this single diagnosis. More than 50 per cent of all deaths were among people 80 years or older. Death due to cancer was the main reason for deaths in the age group 0-79 years, while death due to cardiovascular diseases make up about 70 per cent of the group 80 years or older.
Among other factors, data quality relies on correct diagnosis, for instance whether there has been carried out an autopsy or not, how changes in classification are dealt with and which method is chosen to process the data. The main source of error is the reliability of the diagnosis filled in the death certificate by the physicians. However, for many deaths among the elderly there is no obvious underlying cause. An ageing population with a very complex clinical picture complicates the identification of the underlying cause of death. This is a problem for the certifier as well for the statistics agency which produces the statistics according to ICD-10’s guidelines for recording and coding. This does not contribute to the clarity of the underlying cause of an ageing population.
Statistics Norway's Division for Health Statistics is the data processor for the Cause of Death Registry, which is owned by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health (FHI). For more information on causes of death, go to the FHI's website.
- Table 1 Deaths by underlying cause of death. The whole country. 1991-2006
- Table 2 Deaths by sex, age and underlying cause of death. The whole country. 2006
- Table 3 Deaths by sex, age and underlying cause of death. The whole country. 2006
- Table 4 Infant deaths by sex, age intervals and underlying cause of death. The whole country. 2006 (New table was published 20 April 2009)
- Table 5 Infant deaths. County. 1991-2006
- Table 6 Sex and age-specific death rates from cardiovascular diseases. Underlying cause of death. 1951-2006. Per 100 000 population
- Table 7 Sex and age-specific death rates from malignant neoplasms. Underlying cause of death. 1951-2006. Per 100 000 population
- Table 8 Suicide and suicide rate per 100 000 population, by sex and age. 1951-2006
- Table 9 Suicide by method. 1976-2006
- Table 10 Deaths by sex and underlying cause of death. County. 2006
- Table 11 Deaths by sex, age and underlying cause of death. The whole country. 2006
- Table 11-I. Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99). 2006
- Table 11-II. Neoplasms (C00-D48). 2006
- Table 11-III. Diseases of the blood and bloodforming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism (D50-D89). 2006
- Table 11-IV. Endoctrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00-E90). 2006
- Table 11-V. Mental and behavioural disorders (F00-F99). 2006
- Table 11-VI. Diseases of the nervous system (G00-G99). 2006
- Table 11-VII. Diseases of the eye and adnexa (H00-H59). 2006
- Table 11-VIII. Diseases of the ear and mastoid prosess (H60-H95). 2006
- Table 11-IX. Diseases of the circulatory system (I00-I99). 2006
- Table 11-X. Diseases of the respiratory system (J00-J99). 2006
- Table 11-XI. Diseases of the digestive system (K00-K93). 2006
- Table 11-XII. Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue (L00-L99). 2006
- Table 11-XIII. Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (M00-M99). 2006
- Table 11-XIV. Diseases of the genitourinary system (N00-N99). 2006
- Table 11-XV. Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00-O99). 2006
- Table 11-XVI. Certain conditions orginating in the perinatal period (P00-P96). 2006
- Table 11-XVII. Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00-Q99). 2006
- Table 11-XVIII. Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified (R00-R99). 2006
- Table 11-XX. External causes of morbidity and mortality (V01-Y89). 2006
- Table 12 Deaths caused by alcohol, narcotics and medicaments, by underlying cause of death. County. 2006
- Table 14 Deaths among children 1-17 years, by sex and underlying cause of death.2006
- Table 15 Deaths by accidents. 2006
- Table 16 Deaths by transport accidents. 2006
- Table 17 Deaths by traffic accidents, by group of road-user. 2006
- Table 18 Deaths from accidents, by place of occurence and activity. 2006
- Table 19 Deaths of underlying cause of death, by place of death. Per cent. 2006 (New table was published 24 September 2008)
- Table 20 Deaths from different causes, by month of deaths. 2006
- Table 21 Sources for coding underlying cause of death. 2006. Per cent
- Table 22 Deaths by sex, age and underlying cause of death. Oslo. 2006