319739
/en/energi-og-industri/statistikker/elektrisitet/aar
319739
statistikk
2017-11-24T08:00:00.000Z
Energy and manufacturing
en
elektrisitet, Electricity, Power stations, electricity generation, electricity consumption, energy consumption, power production, hydro power, thermal power, wind power, power-intensive manufacturing, general supply, pumped-storage Power, grid rentEnergy , Energy and manufacturing
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Electricity

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Key figures

96.3 %

the share of hydro power in electricity production in 2016

Electricity balance (GWh)
2016SharePer cent
2015 - 2016
Production, total148 989100.03.1
Hydro power production143 41796.33.6
Thermal power production3 4562.3-2.5
Wind power production2 1161.4-15.9
 
Imports5 741-22.5
Exports22 1510.5
 
Gross consumption132 5792.1
Pump storage use and other own consumption1 435-37.7
Loss and statistical difference7 6972.2
Net consumption123 447100.02.8
Mining and manufacturing etc.54 76144.42.4
Services etc.26 53921.52.7
Private households and agriculture42 14734.13.5

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Power stations, by type. Maximum output. Number. MW

Power stations, by type. Maximum output. Number. MW
All types of powerHydro powerThermal powerWind power
Power stationsOutput (MW)Power stationsOutput (MW)Power stationsOutput (MW)Power stationsOutput (MW)
20161 12533 8081 06631 817321 10827883
20151 06533 8371 00331 372361 59826867
20141 03833 69797731 240361 59825859
20131 02533 48696831 033341 63523818
201299432 86093730 509361 64621705
201193332 08288329 969341 60116512
201081031 68876629 693301 57014425
200978931 25573929 539331 29317423
200873730 57269129 4132976417395
200772030 07667628 9572877116348

Table 2 
Generation, imports, exports and consumption of electricity. GWh

Generation, imports, exports and consumption of electricity. GWh
Production, totalHydro power productionThermal power productionWind power productionImportsExportsGross consumptionConsumption in the power stationsPump storage consumptionLoss and statistical differenceNet consumption
2000142 816142 289496311 47420 529123 76168267310 051112 355
2001121 608121 0265552710 7607 162125 2066738059 967113 761
2002130 473129 837561755 32915 002120 8006026659 338110 195
2003107 245106 08494321813 4725 587115 1304888637 950105 829
2004110 472109 29192925215 3343 842121 9645697289 335111 332
2005137 811136 4528604993 65315 695125 7696351 0919 995114 048
2006121 400119 7291 0356369 8028 947122 25556751510 073111 100
2007137 164134 7361 5368925 28415 320127 1285581 54310 417114 610
2008142 108139 9811 2149133 41417 291128 2316371 3389 948116 308
2009131 773126 0774 7199775 65014 633122 7906591 1358 629112 367
2010123 630117 1525 59987914 6737 123131 1805605749 490120 556
2011127 631121 5534 7951 28311 25514 329124 5575441 8077 263114 943
2012147 716142 8103 3581 5484 19022 006129 9005601 5369 098118 706
2013133 975128 6993 3951 88110 13515 140128 9706207868 024119 540
2014141 968136 1813 5702 2176 34721 932126 3836929977 637117 057
2015144 511138 4503 5462 5157 41122 038129 8846931 6127 530120 049
2016148 989143 4173 4562 1165 74122 151132 5795638727 697123 447

Table 3 
Electricity generation, by type, county and ownership group. GWh

Electricity generation, by type, county and ownership group. GWh1
Production, total2016
201420152016Hydro power productionThermal power productionWind power productionConsumption in the power stationsPump storage consumption
1The electricity generation in "Sogn og Fjordane" and "Nordland" of 2014 has been corrected on 30 November 2016.
Total141 967144 511148 989143 4173 4562 116563872
 
Østfold5 3745 1664 5344 52950100
Akershus8218537827757060
Oslo133124861274000
Hedmark2 7612 5442 3432 306370140
Oppland7 3527 1756 7166 71600323
Buskerud10 88010 87110 93510 93500430
Vestfold163223230000
Telemark14 38415 54615 48415 473110213
Aust-Agder5 3745 7325 1375 137003070
Vest-Agder11 87511 25211 03810 6771392211344
Rogaland13 07414 35215 04514 7664323637225
Hordaland19 65820 18520 25519 0878952734052
Sogn og Fjordane15 72515 64617 04516 98605844439
Møre og Romsdal6 0196 2406 9786 5071762943027
Sør-Trøndelag4 3264 5264 9594 4971503121820
Nord-Trøndelag2 8603 6752 8992 742201372526
Nordland14 88614 00517 62117 535086583
Troms - Romsa3 3193 0303 2172 94614712470
Finnmark - Finnmárku3 0633 4943 8311 7681 68937450
Svalbard676360060080
 
Central government53 54852 74760 76357 5852 57560396282
 
County/municipality74 21576 18172 74171 1914821 068456548
...County municipal3 9714 7593 8513 8150363326
...Joint municipal59 32560 50357 52856 0654401 024396181
...Municipal10 92010 91911 36211 31242827341
 
Private14 20415 58315 48514 6403994461142

Table 4 
Net consumption of electricity, by type and consumer group. GWh

Net consumption of electricity, by type and consumer group. GWh
Total consumption of electricity2016
20152016Ordinary consumptionFlexible consumption
ALL CONSUMER GROUPS120 049123 447120 1543 294
 
POWER INTENSIVE MANUFACTURING36 05836 75235 996756
Manufacture of pulp, papir and paperboard3 2683 5693 354215
Industrial chemicals7 3927 3006 793507
Iron, steel and ferroalloys4 9785 0835 0830
Non-ferrous metals20 41920 80020 76634
 
MINING AND EXTRACTION7 6067 6717 6710
Mining5173923920
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas together with support activities for this sector7 0897 2797 2790
 
MANUFACTURING EXCLUDING POWER INTENSIVE MANUFACTURING7 7037 8787 231647
Food products, beverages and tobacco2 6972 7522 462290
Other manufacturing5 0065 1264 769357
 
VARIOUS SUPPLY AND REMIDIATION ACTIVITIES2 1122 4601 648814
Electric power generation, transmission and distribution together with distribution of gas thorugh mains55069065437
Steam and air conditioning supply1 0011 158384775
Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remidiation activities5616126102
 
TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE1 7921 8171 79521
Passenger rail transport, freight rail transport, other urban and suburban transport6415895880
Other transport and storage1 0831 1611 14021
Postal and courier activities6867670
 
CONSTRUCTION AND OTHER SERVICES24 06124 72224 072649
Construction1 3091 4191 4117
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles4 4474 5074 47929
Accomodation, food and beverage service activities1 5561 5981 56929
Information and communication7537507482
Financial and insurance activities2812642594
Real estate activities4 1784 4094 299110
Professional, scientific and technical activities7467827766
Administrative and support service activities71471869523
Public administration and defence, compulsory social security4 6094 7554 560195
Streets and road lighting5645295290
Education1 5361 5381 45583
Human health and social work activities1 8481 8921 761131
Arts, entertainment and recreation73378376618
Activities of membership organisations5025255186
Other service activities2852532476
 
PRIVATE HOUSEHOLDS AND AGRICULTURE40 71842 14741 741407
Agriculture, forestry and fishing1 7881 8761 729148
Hot-houses240226111115
Private households36 57237 76737 623144
Cottages and holiday houses2 1182 2782 2780

Table 5 
Total net consumption of electricity, by consumer group and county. GWh

Total net consumption of electricity, by consumer group and county. GWh
Total consumption of electricity2016
20152016Power intensive manufacturingMining and extractionManufacturing excluding power intensive manufacturingVarious supply and remidiation activitiesTransportation and storageConstruction and other servicesPrivate households and agriculture
Total120 051123 44836 7547 6707 8792 4611 81824 72242 148
 
Østfold5 9026 1762 0775543124851 1282 214
Akershus7 8558 155119313392733892 4744 531
Oslo8 8208 9375982576962933 6463 976
Hedmark3 0503 184135398104178901 758
Oppland3 5003 63082844667331 0551 939
Buskerud4 4604 67022010462105911 3082 473
Vestfold3 6123 7611251143162801 0032 049
Telemark5 7495 6582 747440751208631 566
Aust-Agder1 8181 89623351563012508953
Vest-Agder6 4846 5523 43935549460377961 370
Rogaland10 97011 2373 5479817041242401 9903 652
Hordaland13 06513 3592 7832 9269202061142 3184 093
Sogn og Fjordane6 8996 9515 049193242724585924
Møre og Romsdal11 40511 7826 4851 204633147641 1332 116
Sør-Trøndelag5 9206 1231 65213369113681 4522 457
Nord-Trøndelag3 2943 6511 4761228625326661 153
Nordland10 08710 3775 878544701111311 3032 431
Troms - Romsa3 6513 73677010177111371 0191 612
Finnmark - Finnmárku3 4533 56101 992622349565871
 
Svalbard57520171222010

Table 6 
Net consumption of total electricity in households per capita, by county. kWh

Net consumption of total electricity in households per capita, by county. kWh1
Total net consumption of electricity in households per capita
2001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
1Calculated on the basis of the population at the beginning of the year.
Total7 7117 3936 7686 8197 1086 9607 1587 0807 2217 7816 9567 2827 2766 7877 0787 242
 
Østfold7 1356 8526 4136 3966 5796 5646 6036 5427 0007 5716 6866 8676 9446 5036 6776 935
Akershus8 4407 6017 1566 4977 1847 1597 2857 3507 5718 1277 1937 4437 4566 9497 2717 373
Oslo6 8776 7566 2596 2706 9777 0907 2076 8616 6757 2976 5136 7016 3045 9226 2086 034
Hedmark7 3727 7916 1086 2376 3696 3576 4526 4536 8707 5616 7286 9577 2616 9517 2517 587
Oppland7 5777 3126 7646 8256 8246 6686 8896 8857 2177 8186 9647 3697 6477 2427 4837 875
Buskerud6 9997 8596 7486 7156 8896 9117 0967 1827 4278 0447 1637 3737 4606 8997 1077 379
Vestfold8 0457 6377 0337 1447 3747 2097 1697 1577 4418 0706 9587 2497 5117 0367 1787 607
Telemark8 2017 8257 2217 4177 4957 3317 5157 4057 6798 3037 3877 6467 9817 3577 5687 933
Aust-Agder7 6297 0826 4656 6026 7626 7216 7676 8327 0617 7496 8477 0497 2936 8116 9847 305
Vest-Agder7 4266 9816 2036 7086 5126 5737 0366 6676 8227 4576 6376 7946 9016 3876 6206 767
Rogaland7 5097 1946 6556 9087 0086 7016 9956 7946 9667 5566 8317 1647 1516 4976 7656 863
Hordaland7 5617 2606 7306 7977 2176 5897 1327 2297 1847 6927 0107 4387 3446 7627 1657 253
Sogn og Fjordane7 0416 4605 9376 5776 5556 2996 6406 6626 8397 4046 7007 0327 1986 5766 9207 118
Møre og Romsdal7 6977 1426 3846 5846 8746 5457 0096 8876 9177 5056 7977 2537 2566 7767 0527 216
Sør-Trøndelag and Nord-Trøndelag7 0506 8046 2626 4346 5446 3416 5556 2906 3446 8796 1156 5266 6036 2716 4416 737
Nordland9 6438 5508 0828 1858 4628 3088 3828 3318 4878 8748 0728 6188 5348 3578 5278 815
Troms - Romsa9 2468 9868 4518 5968 8658 7158 5698 6768 9279 1928 2308 9048 7338 8028 7718 892
Finnmark - Finnmárku9 9229 7888 9629 1779 3789 5709 3809 92110 05710 2189 25910 2709 5119 7149 90410 157

Table 7 
Prices on electricity and grid rent excluding taxes, by consumer group. Øre/kWh

Prices on electricity and grid rent excluding taxes, by consumer group. Øre/kWh
2016
Total average price excluding taxesPrice on electricityGrid rent, weighted averageGrid rent, ordinary consumptionGrid rent, flexible consumption
ALL CONSUMER GROUPS47.729.718.018.36.6
 
POWER INTENSIVE MANUFACTURING28.026.41.61.61.7
Manufacture of pulp, papir and paperboard29.527.61.92.01.2
Industrial chemicals33.229.33.94.02.4
Iron, steel and ferroalloys28.126.51.61.6..
Non-ferrous metals25.925.10.80.81.0
 
MINING AND EXTRACTION31.726.75.05.0..
Mining44.826.418.418.4..
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas together with support activities for this sector31.127.23.93.9..
 
MANUFACTURING EXCLUDING POWER INTENSIVE MANUFACTURING48.732.016.717.66.7
Food products, beverages and tobacco47.529.318.219.29.6
Other manufacturing49.333.415.916.74.3
 
VARIOUS SUPPLY AND REMIDIATION ACTIVITIES44.728.815.921.35.0
Electric power generation, transmission and distribution together with distribution of gas thorugh mains51.329.122.222.910.9
Steam and air conditioning supply39.029.49.619.64.7
Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remidiation activities48.627.920.720.727.3
 
TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE45.229.016.216.39.8
Passenger rail transport, freight rail transport, other urban and suburban transport36.426.410.010.011.6
Other transport and storage48.729.619.119.39.5
Postal and courier activities51.831.320.520.535.2
 
CONSTRUCTION AND OTHER SERVICES52.529.922.622.911.7
Construction55.630.525.125.117.4
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles51.530.021.521.612.9
Accomodation, food and beverage service activities51.029.621.421.612.2
Information and communication53.131.321.821.819.2
Financial and insurance activities53.030.422.622.717.0
Real estate activities52.830.522.322.611.9
Professional, scientific and technical activities50.429.321.121.112.0
Administrative and support service activities53.029.823.223.610.8
Public administration and defence, compulsory social security51.828.423.423.913.2
Streets and road lighting52.428.723.723.7..
Education52.529.622.923.512.3
Human health and social work activities51.231.220.020.97.5
Arts, entertainment and recreation56.730.726.026.215.6
Activities of membership organisations58.431.227.227.412.2
Other service activities60.332.128.228.513.0
 
PRIVATE HOUSEHOLDS AND AGRICULTURE60.532.228.328.59.4
Agriculture, forestry and fishing54.030.723.324.58.9
Hot-houses41.727.714.019.98.3
Private households59.432.227.227.310.9
Cottages and holiday houses85.533.651.951.9..

Table 8 
Price on electricity, grid rent and taxes, by county. Øre/kWh

Price on electricity, grid rent and taxes, by county. Øre/kWh
2016
Total price on electricity, grid rent and taxesPrice on electricityGrid rentTaxes
The whole country92.832.227.233.4
 
Østfold93.933.924.235.8
Akershus90.232.822.435.0
Oslo93.333.823.835.7
Hedmark98.831.930.136.7
Oppland96.131.428.536.2
Buskerud94.131.526.835.8
Vestfold89.031.422.834.8
Telemark95.630.728.836.1
Aust-Agder97.131.529.236.4
Vest-Agder97.331.329.536.5
Rogaland92.930.826.535.6
Hordaland90.631.623.935.1
Sogn og Fjordane112.931.242.139.6
Møre og Romsdal104.433.632.937.9
Sør-Trøndelag96.533.726.536.3
Nord-Trøndelag108.134.734.838.6
Nordland85.332.036.317.0
Troms - Romsa73.931.627.115.2
Finnmark - Finnmárku63.528.034.51.0

Table 9 
Prices on electricity traded in the wholesale market and concession power. Øre/kWh

Prices on electricity traded in the wholesale market and concession power. Øre/kWh
2001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
A. Bilateral contracts, total14.716.521.918.919.126.424.131.428.132.728.221.224.023.319.824.5
A.1 Contracts up to 1 year duration18.420.529.223.823.636.024.233.930.042.435.023.729.224.119.524.2
A.2 Contracts up to 1-5 year duration13.617.321.018.818.523.731.037.831.639.834.424.228.624.524.124.7
A.3 Contracts with more than 5 year duration10.510.412.412.412.120.615.520.025.126.423.619.421.322.719.024.7
 
B. Market power trade, total19.021.630.823.824.739.524.340.132.545.637.424.230.624.719.525.2
B.1 Elspot market18.821.630.824.924.739.624.340.132.545.937.424.330.524.619.425.2
B.2 The regulation market19.120.830.523.824.338.424.436.230.243.138.523.830.625.220.025.1
 
C. Concession power10.09.78.77.67.56.87.69.69.310.311.110.610.911.911.511.4

Table 10 
Economic main figures of the power sector. NOK million

Economic main figures of the power sector. NOK million
2007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Compensations of employees5 9256 2556 7005 8647 4658 0007 9617 0057 9428 599
Production value52 28364 16657 63370 02962 18356 85563 66358 39157 75467 969
Cost of goods and services consumed12 66814 68814 21715 42415 87015 03316 02717 06717 18518 292
Value added39 61549 47843 41654 60546 31341 82247 63641 32440 56949 677
Gross fixed capital formation11 19512 93610 87811 84014 38916 71819 11619 23420 70824 756
Acquisition of fixed assets11 84513 79711 34812 49615 21017 71120 40820 31522 23525 836
Sale of fixed assets6508614706568219931 2921 0811 5271 080

Table 11 
Income statment for enterprises in electricity supply, by ownership group. NOK million

Income statment for enterprises in electricity supply, by ownership group. NOK million
Total2016
20152016...Joint municipal...County municipal...MunicipalCentral governmentPrivate
Operating income, total104 104123 80967 9773 7588 30029 90913 865
Sales of energy68 22882 62645 1442 5484 62719 84410 463
Sales of transmission27 34832 18218 5631 1183 1008 3391 061
Other operating income8 5289 0024 270925731 7262 341
 
Operating expenses, total81 92394 19753 9082 8566 07918 75612 599
Purchase of energy35 28044 21527 5421 1571 7464 2009 570
Purchase of grid services8 5919 7175 6092501 1042 403351
Other purchases of goods2 4002 4541 26911973879115
Compensation of employees7 9348 5924 2192829252 265900
Depreciation9 49710 4184 8774098103 898423
Other operating expenses18 22118 80210 3926381 4215 1121 239
 
Operating profit22 18029 61214 0699032 22111 1531 266
 
Financial income, total2 4713 228959437309745778
Dividends on shares/partnerships4291 525383398209208328
Interest recieved976766258133638672
Other financial income1 0669373192664150378
 
Financial expenses total4 4654 3341 8503732791 421411
Interest paid3 0212 8121 114213921 203190
Other financial expenses1 4441 522736160187218221
 
Financial items, net-1 995-1 106-8916430-676367
 
Profit on ordinary items before taxes20 18628 50613 1789672 25010 4771 634
 
Taxes8 48312 0065 1723689235 016527
 
Profit before extraordinary items11 70316 5008 0065991 3275 4621 106
 
Extraordinary income, total27494000940
Extraordinary depreciation122000220
Other extraordinary expenses0000000
 
Profit extraordinary items27272000720
 
Taxes on extraordinary items88492102215
 
Annual profit11 88716 5237 9855991 3255 5131 101
 
Dividends2 9407 1431 83406824 470158

Table 12 
Income statement for enterprises in the power industri, by type of utility. NOK million

Income statement for enterprises in the power industri, by type of utility. NOK million
Total2016
20152016Production plantsWholesale plantsDistribution plantsLow integrated plantsHigh integrated plantsGrid companiesElectricity suppliers
Operating income, total104 104123 80950 05210 3427 6871 1766 14722 80325 603
Sales of energy68 22882 62645 30210 2338415132 77215722 807
Sales of transmission27 34832 18217506 4845312 64421 1531 194
Other operating income8 5289 0024 5741083611327311 4931 601
 
Operating expenses, total81 92394 19730 33510 3505 6501 0615 00617 73024 065
Purchase of energy35 28044 21512 20910 0756984111 53511119 175
Purchase of grid services8 5919 7172 50601 7971024844 690138
Other purchases of goods2 4002 4546797603789607974
Compensation of employees7 9348 5922 8791087042001 0092 770921
Depreciation9 49710 4183 829109001147104 482373
Other operating expenses18 22118 8028 2331501 4931961 1785 0692 484
 
Operating profit22 18029 61219 716-92 0361151 1425 0731 538
 
Financial income, total2 4713 2281 7045906618242435173
Dividends on shares/partnerships4291 5251 0113861312471541
Interest recieved976766233202845636460
Other financial income1 0669374601842511395672
 
Financial expenses total4 4654 3342 216330149323201 146141
Interest paid3 0212 8121 413231121825894344
Other financial expenses1 4441 52280330738136220397
 
Financial items, net-1 995-1 106-512260-83-14-78-71132
 
Profit on ordinary items before taxes20 18628 50619 2052511 9531011 0644 3621 570
 
Taxes8 48312 0069 867744822295979387
 
Profit before extraordinary items11 70316 5009 3372441 505797683 3831 183
 
Extraordinary income, total2749400000940
Extraordinary depreciation12200000220
Other extraordinary expenses000000000
 
Profit extraordinary items2727200000720
 
Taxes on extraordinary items884910725322
 
Annual profit11 88716 5239 3362441 498777633 4231 182
 
Dividends2 9407 1434 769081583051 446484

Table 13 
Acquisition and sale of fixed assets, by type of capital. NOK million

Acquisition and sale of fixed assets, by type of capital. NOK million1
2016
AcquisitionSale
1Gross fixed capital formation = acquisition - sale of fixed assets.
Fixed assets, total25 8361 080
 
Water power plants95567
¬ Waterfall rights54
¬ Waterway regulations94963
 
Hydro-electric power stations4 799291
¬ Building construction, hydro-electric power stations2 922224
¬ Permanent mechanical and electrical equipment, hydro-electric power stations1 87766
 
Thermal power plants3611
¬ Building construction, thermal power plants891
¬ Permanent mechanical and electrical equipment, thermal power plants2720
 
Windpower plants2 3561
¬ Building construction, windpower plants8900
¬ Permanent mechanical and electrical equipment, windpower plants1 4661
 
Transmission systems12 878340
¬ Central grid systems5 06651
¬ Regional grid systems2 71373
¬ Local grid systems5 100216
 
District heating418
¬ Production plants101
¬ Distribution systems317
¬ Other, district heating00
 
Other fixed assets, total4 445373
¬ Control centers3711
¬ Street and road lighting00
¬ Motor vehicles and other transport equipment22796
¬ Construction machinery278
¬ Office equipment36554
¬ Offices and premises32064
¬ Dwellings for employees04
¬ Land5232
¬ Other property62213
¬ Construction roads630
¬ Tele1 03544
¬ Fixed assets, other1 69748

About the statistics

The statistics include production, power exchange and consumption. The monthly electricity statistics should be used when the latest data is needed. The annual figures have more detailed information and also include electricity prices, profit and loss accounts and investments.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Electricity monthly

Gross production of electricity

The main rule is that gross production of electricity should be reported to Statnett. Power plants that do not have a measurement on the generator terminals should report the production as close to the generator as possible.

Exports of electric power

Exports of electric power is power produced in Norway that crosses the Norwegian border.

Imports of electric power

Imports of electric power is power produced abroad that crosses the Norwegian border.

Gross consumption of electricity

Gross consumption of electricity is the sum of gross production of electricity and imports less exports of power.

Pump consumption

Pump consumption is power used to run pump stations that elevate water from a lower to higher level.

Own consumption in the power stations

Own consumption contains light and heating in the power stations in addition to engines, compressors and other production equipment.

Calculated net loss

Net loss is calculated using a fixed loss share relative to production based on net loss reported in the annual electricity statistics. The loss share is calculated using a five year average and is 6 per cent in 2016. The net loss partly depends on distance, temperatures and the quality of the grid.

Net consumption of electric power

Net consumption of electric power is gross consumption of electric power less pump consumption, other own consumption and calculated net loss.

Consumption of electric power in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas production

Electricity consumption in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas consists of all land-based electricity consumption and consumption on offshore installations connected to land by power cable.

Total consumption in power-intensive manufacturing

Total consumption in power-intensive manufacturing is the sum of flexible and ordinary consumption in power-intensive manufacturing. Power-intensive manufacturing is defined as pulp and paper production, industrial chemicals, iron, steel and ferro-alloys in addition to primary aluminium and other metals. The contracts for ordinary and flexible power are different. Flexible power can be stopped in the event of limited net capacity.

Consumption without power-intensive manufacturing and extraction

Consumption without power-intensive manufacturing and extraction is net consumption of electric power less total consumption in power-intensive manufacturing and extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas. Households, services and manufacturing other than power-intensive manufacturing account for the majority of this consumption.

Electricity annual

Gross production of electricity refers to the production that is measured on the generators. The net production may also be calculated by subtracting own consumption in the power stations.

Exports of electric power is power produced in Norway that crosses the Norwegian border.

Imports of electric power is power produced abroad that crosses the Norwegian border.

Gross consumption of electricity is the sum of gross production of electricity and imports less exports of power.

Pump consumption is power used to run pump stations that elevate water from a lower to higher level.

Other own consumption contains light and heating in the power stations in addition to engines, compressors and other production equipment.

Ordinary consumption and flexible consumption: The contracts for ordinary and flexible power are different. Flexible power can be stopped in the event of limited net capacity.

Electricity price, i.e. the price that households pay to the electricity suppliers. This part of the power market was deregulated in 1991. Costs relating to electricity certificates, which is a subsidy system for renewable power, are included in the electricity price. According tothe Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE) and the Swedish Energy Agency, the cost of electricity certificates was about 1 øre/kWh in 2012 and 2013.      

Grid rent, i.e. the price that households pay for the physical distribution of electricity. Unlike the deregulated electricity price, the grid rent is regulated. 

Taxes consist of tax on consumption of electricity, value added tax (VAT) and subsidies to Enova. All counties in Norway have the same tax rate for the consumption of electricity, apart from some parts of Troms and the whole of Finnmark, which are exempt. The Enova tax was 1 øre/kWh in 2014 and is the same for all households throughout the country. VAT is added after electricity price, grid rent and other taxes have been added. Nordland, Troms and Finnmark are exempt from VAT.   

Production value is defined as turnover corrected for changes in stock of finished goods, work in progress and goods and services bought for resale.

Cost of goods and services consumed is the value of goods and services consumed as input in the production process; excluding fixed assets (consumption is recorded as consumption of fixed capital).

Value added is the sum of production value minus the cost of goods and services consumed.

The consumer groups in the table with information on electricity consumption in Norwegian municipalities have the following content.

Mining and manufacturing etc: Mining and extraction, power intensive manufacturing, manufacturing excluding power intensive manufacturing and various supply and remidiation activities.

Services etc: Transportation and storage and construction and other services.

Households and agriculture etc: Agriculture, forestry and fishing, hot-houses, private households and cottages and holiday houses

Standard classifications

Electricity monthly

Production and consumption of electricity is measured in Gigawatt-hours (GWh). In StatBank, Megawatt-hours (MWh) is used as a measure. The classification is based on the standard industrial classification 2007 (SIC 2007). A description of which industries are covered by the statistics is given in section 3.1.

Electricity annual

The classification is based on the standard for sector classification 2007 (SN2007). There is a description of which industries the statistics comprise in section 3.1.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Electricity
Topic: Energy and manufacturing

Responsible division

Division for Energy and Environmental Statistics

Regional level

Electricity monthly

Figures for production and consumption are on national level.

Electricity annual

Municipal and county.

 

Frequency and timeliness

Electricity monthly

Monthly publication. The monthly electricity statistics are published about six weeks after the reference month.

Electricity annual

Annual. The statistics are published 12 months after the reference year.

International reporting

Electricity monthly and Electricity annual

Data from both statistics are reported to Eurostat and the International Energy Agency (IEA).

 

The annual electricity statistics are reported to Eurostat and the International Energy Agency (IEA).

Microdata

Electricity monthly

Raw data files are stored in accordance with Statistic Norway’s standard (DataDok).

Electricity annual

Microdata are stored in a Oracle database.

Background

Background and purpose

Electricity monthly

The purpose of the statistics is to map the production and consumption of electricity. The monthly electricity statistics also serve as a basis for analysis and reports. The current statistics date back to 1979.

Electricity annual

The purpose of the statistics is to give an overview over economic key figures of the power market and to follow the development in supply and use of electricity on national level and on county level. The statistics go back to 1937, but have been changed several times since then.

Users and applications

Electricity monthly

External users are the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, IEA and Eurostat.

Internal users of the statistics: the Division for energy and environmental statistics, which uses the data in the energy balance and the energy account; the Division for manufacturing, which uses some of the data in the monthly Index of production. The statistics are also used by the Division for national accounts.

Electricity annual

External users are the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, the Ministry of Finance, Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, Enova, the International Energy Agency (IEA) and Eurostat. The Annual electricity statistics are important input to the Energy balance and energy account. The data material is also used by the Divison for National Accounts (930) and Divison Industrial Production Statistics in Statistics Norway.

Equal treatment of users

Electricity monthly and electricity annual

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar.

For more information, see Principles for equal treatment of users in releasing statistics and analyses

Coherence with other statistics

Electricity monthly

The monthly statistics are used in the revision of the annual electricity statistics. The two statistics correspond well.

Electricity annual

Monthly and annual electricity statistics correspond well.

Tables showing electricity prices in the wholesale market and the end-user market are available in the annual electricity statistics and quarterly electricity price statistics. The quarterly electricity price statistics are based on a sample of about 40 enterprises in the wholesale and end-user market, and are released around two months after the end of the quarter. Annual electricity statistics include all the enterprises in the population, and are released about 12 months after the reference year.   

The quarterly electricity price statistics have the most up-to-date electricity prices and provide information about different types of price contracts (spot price, variable price and fixed price). The annual electricity statistics are more detailed and the data source covers the whole population.

Legal authority

Electricity monthly

The Statistic Act § 2-2, 2-3 and 3-2.

Electricity annual

The Statistic act §2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

Electricity monthly and electricity annual

Data are reported to Eurostat according to Regulation 1099/2008.

 

Data are reported to Eurostat according to Regulation 1099/2008.

Production

Population

Electricity monthly

The population consists of all water, thermal and wind power stations (Standard for sector classification 2007: 35.11). Electricity consumption in extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas includes all land-based electricity consumption and consumption on offshore installations connected to land by power cable (Standard for sector classification 2007: 06.1 and 06.2).

Electricity consumption in power-intensive manufacturing based on the standard for sector classification 2007  includes:

17.1 – Pulp and paper production

20.1 – Production of chemical commodity

24.1 – Production of iron, steel and ferroalloy

24.4 – Production of aluminium and other metals

Electricity annual

The enterprise is the statistical unit.

The Electricity statistics contain all electricity plants that have a license for electricity generation, transmission and distribution in addition to trade of electricity.

The Electricity statistics do not contain:

* Production plants having rated output less than 100 kW

* Power stations which although partly owned by Norwegian interests are located outside Norwegian territory

* Electricity production and consumption on offshore installations not connected to land by power cable

* Main office activities in own enterprises

 

Data sources and sampling

Electricity monthly

Statistics Norway receives production data from Statnett, whereas figures for consumption and production on Svalbard are collected by Statistics Norway. Statistics Norway receives pump storage use and figures for power exchange from Nord Pool Spot AS.

Production of electricity:

Total count of all power plants in Norway.

Consumption:

Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas consists of approximately 8 establishments (approximately a total count).

Power-intensive manufacturing consists of approximately 70-75 establishments (approximately a total count).

Electricity annual

Data collection together with Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate.

Total Count.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Electricity monthly

Each Friday, Statistics Norway receives a weekly file from Statnett giving the daily electricity generation for the preceding week. The consumption data are collected by the Division for energy and environmental statistics and Division for manufacturing statistics every month. In addition, Statistics Norway receives data on thermal power production on Svalbard from Bydrift Longyearbyen.

Statnett controls the total volumes in order to detect incorrect decimal points, comma separator errors etc. for large power plants. Plants that receive electricity certificates and guarantees of origin are subject to a separate control. This is also the case for small power plants with machinery of less than 3 MW. Statistics Norway controls that the total figures of hydro power generation, thermal power generation and wind power generation are plausible. In addition, the data on consumption for every establishment in different industries are edited. Where there are major changes compared with previous figures, the establishment is contacted. Data are also compared with the yearly electricity statistics.

Electricity annual

As of 2000, the electricity utilities have reported their data electronically via the system ERAPP.

  • Income statements and balance sheets are controlled by auditors
  • The annual reports of the enterprises are useful in the revision of data
  • Values that are particularly low or high are double checked by contacting the enterprise
  • The power balance is controlled in detail
  • Power sale to different consumer groups should be in line with the Standard Industrial classification of 2002.

Among other things, maximum and minimum values in addition to percentage changes are calculated

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Electricity monthly

According to § 2-4 of the Statistics Act, collected data are subject to secrecy and must be kept or destroyed in a secure manner. Any use of the data must be in accordance with the rules set out by the Data Inspectorate.

Electricity annual

In some municipalities and counties a few units may account for a large share of the electricity production and consumption. However, these figures are not considered to be particularly detrimental for the relevant enterprises.

Comparability over time and space

Electricity monthly

The statistics are comparable back to 1979. However, prior to 1993 the information is less detailed than in later releases.

Until December 2010, pulp and paper production and extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas were included in consumption without power-intensive manufacturing. As from the release in January 2011 these groups are separated into their own consumption groups. Only total consumption in power-intensive manufacturing , non-priority and priority consumption in power-intensive manufacturing and consumption without power-intensive manufacturing and extraction are affected by the changes. The rest of the groups are not influenced by the change.

From January 2016, the basis for calculating net loss was changed from utilising loss shares of the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate to loss shares calculated from net loss reported in the annual electricity statistics. This affects the series net loss, net consumption of electric power and consumption without power-intensive manufacturing and extraction somewhat. The new way of calculating net loss ensures a closer correspondence between the monthly and the annual electricity statistics. All series in Statbank are updated dating back to January 2010

Time series can be downloaded from table 06901 and 08583 in the StatBank.

Electricity annual

In the electricity statistics of 2008 the sale to different end users is based on a new version of Norwegian industry classification (SIC2007) . The most important changes are:

  • The numbers of end users increase from 27 to 36 categories.
  • Power intensive manufacturing now also includes industry 17.1.
  • For the first time we also calculate a grid rent for power intensive manufacturing. Since power intensive manufacturing has a very low grid rent compared to other end users, total grid rent for all end users is not comparable with former years.
  • We do not publish gross value of production, intermediate consumption and value added at factor prices in the electricity statistics of 2008. Instead of these variables we publish production value, cost of goods and services consumed and value added.

The enterprise is the statistical unit. Prior to 1993 the establishment was the unit, defined as all energy activities located in one distribution area. This change concerns only utilities with activities in several distribution areas and it only affects the total count of electricity utilities.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Electricity monthly

The results of a statistical survey normally contain certain collection and processing errors. Collection errors can occur due to a respondent giving incorrect information because they misunderstand a question, or they may forget to answer a question. Processing errors can occur in the data during the optical reading or during revisions of the sample.

Despite various data controls, errors can still occur. These can include errors that were not possible to detect during the control routines or incorrect evaluations by executive officers in Statistics Norway.

The statistics are based on a full count, and thus there are no sampling errors.

Electricity annual

The results of a statistical survey normally contain certain collection and processing errors. Collection errors can occur due to a respondent giving incorrect information because they misunderstand a question, or they may forget to answer a question. Processing errors can occur in the data during the optical reading or during revisions of the sample.

Despite various data controls, errors can still occur. These can include errors that were not possible to detect during the control routines or incorrect evaluations by executive officers in Statistics Norway.

Revision

Electricity monthly

The figures of electricity generation are not revised after the release of the statistics. Minor revisions may occur for the figures of exports, imports and consumption.

Electricity annual

If no large errors are detected after the release of the statistics, the figures are not revised.   

 

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