Many died young in 2011
In 2011, a total of 41 300 persons died; 21 300 women and 20 000 men. More than 38 700 of these deaths were due to illness. A total of 2 600 persons died as a result of external causes. Cardiovascular diseases are still the most common cause of death in Norway. However, the total number of deaths due to cardiovascular diseases and cancer fell. The number of deaths related to dementia illnesses has been on the increase since 2007.
Death from a cardiovascular disease continues to fall. In 2011, 13 000 persons died as a result of cardiovascular diseases, while 10 800 died of cancer.
High incidence of death among the young in 2011
A total of 323 persons died in the age group 15-24 years. Of these, 91 died due to illness and 232 suffered from external causes. The latter was made up of 161 boys and 71 girls. The figure for deaths due to illness was also higher for boys than girls.
Many of the deaths among the young in 2011 were as a result of the Utøya tragedy. In 2011, accidents and other violent deaths were the cause of around two thirds of all deaths in this age group. Almost 10 per cent of those who suffered a violent death in 2011 were aged between 15 and 24.
The number of suicides among the young in the same age group saw only a slight increase from 2010, from 72 to 78.
More women died of dementia diseases
The number of deaths due to dementia diseases has increased in recent years, with 500 more in 2011 than in 2007. More women than men died from dementia, with 1 850 compared to 650. This is due to a higher share of women in the relevant age groups.
The Division for health statistics in Statistics Norway is responsible for processing the data for the Cause of Death Registry, which is owned by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health .
2011 is the first year where the cause of death statistics have been produced using the IRIS coding system. IRIS is an automated system for coding multiple causes of death and selection of underlying causes of death. Coding is in accordance with the WHO’s rules for coding with ICD-10. IRIS also makes it possible to use a national dictionary. For text entry coding, the dictionary translates text from the certificate into ICD-10 codes. The dictionary can currently set codes on around 50 per cent of deaths.