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2016-02-19T10:00:00.000Z
Population
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Population

Key figure page

Key figures for the population

Information about population size, composition and development is an important basis for policy, planning and decision-making in various areas of society. The age distribution, for example, has an impact on the demand for education and study places, the share of the working population and the need for health and social services. The regional distribution of the population also provides an important framework for counties and municipalities.

Population size and composition change in two ways: when people are born and die, and when they move to and out of the country. When the number of births is higher than the number of deaths, there is an excess of births, and when more people move to the country than leave, we have what is known as net immigration (Net immigration = immigration minus emigration). These factors combined determine the population growth.

Population
Number Previous year 5 years before 10 years before Period
1End of quarter
21. January
Population 5 277 762 5 236 826 5 017 518 4 704 573 2nd quarter 20171
Children under 18 living at home 1 114 268 1 111 776 1 105 279 . 2017
Private households 2 376 971 2 348 797 2 226 046 . 2017
Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents 883 751 848 207 655 170 415 318 20172
Immigrants 724 987 698 550 546 732 341 830 20172
Norwegian-born to immigrant parents 158 764 149 657 108 438 73 488 20172
Population changes
Number Change in % previous year Period
Births 15 102 -4.5 2nd quarter 2017
Deaths 9 707 1.8 2nd quarter 2017
Immigration 12 440 -20.5 2nd quarter 2017
Emigration 7 219 -13.7 2nd quarter 2017
Marriages 22 537 -0.9 2016
Divorces 9 345 0.4 2016
Norwegian naturalisation 13 712 10.3 2016
Adoptions 349 -1.4 2016
Demographic measures and estimates
Unit Value Previous year Five years ago Ten years ago Period
Total fertility rate, women Number of children 1.71 1.73 1.88 1.90 2016
Total fertility rate, men Number of children 1.53 1.56 1.70 1.72 2016
Life expectancy, both sexes Year 82.4 82.3 81.3 80.4 2016
Life expectancy, men Year 80.6 80.4 79.0 78.1 2016
Life expectancy, women Year 84.2 84.2 83.5 82.7 2016
Infant mortality rate, deaths under age 1 Per 1 000 living births 2.2 2.4 2.4 3.2 2016
Share aged 67 and over, as percentage of population Per cent 14.6 14.3 13.1 13.0 2017
Share aged 18 and under, as percentage of population Per cent 21.5 21.6 22.6 23.4 2017
Population growth, as percentage of population at start of year Per cent 0.9 0.9 1.3 0.9 2016
Population changes. Population growth, excess of births and net immigration. 1951-2015
Population changes. Population growth, excess of births and net immigration. 1951-2015
Population growth Excess of births Net immigration
1951 30525 32835 -2316
1952 31933 34126 -2193
1953 33116 34573 -1457
1954 32291 33581 -1290
1955 37512 34453 -1640
1956 32113 34190 -2077
1957 32413 32503 -90
1958 30332 31340 -1105
1959 30023 31244 -1221
1960 24217 29337 -5145
1961 30058 29242 816
1962 28180 27936 244
1963 27059 26440 619
1964 28541 30399 -1858
1965 29087 30960 -1873
1966 31863 31051 -945
1967 32920 30563 2357
1968 33007 29682 1706
1969 30982 28752 2115
1970 21837 25828 -969
1971 29468 26569 6615
1972 30462 24885 4423
1973 24755 21250 3444
1974 24535 20139 4922
1975 19576 16284 4769
1976 18101 13258 4889
1977 16006 11053 5034
1978 14926 11067 3974
1979 12766 9948 2746
1980 13440 9699 4071
1981 14723 8815 5176
1982 15448 9791 5740
1983 11842 7713 4285
1984 11492 7693 3761
1985 13342 6762 6228
1986 16334 8954 7451
1987 22768 9068 13769
1988 22397 12172 10143
1989 12430 14130 -1453
1990 16714 14918 1710
1991 23804 15885 8045
1992 25533 15378 9942
1993 25648 13081 12808
1994 23595 16021 7436
1995 21547 15102 6366
1996 22757 17067 5817
1997 24885 15206 10700
1998 27730 14240 13823
1999 33168 14128 18999
2000 24939 15232 9688
2001 20630 12715 7955
2002 28186 10969 17174
2003 25205 13980 11285
2004 28906 15751 13211
2005 33856 15524 18439
2006 40915 17292 23723
2007 56037 16505 39652
2008 62081 18785 43346
2009 58947 20358 38637
2010 62106 19943 42346
2011 65565 18827 47032
2012 65405 18263 47343
2013 57781 17713 40073
2014 56746 18690 38155
2015 48183 18331 29802
2016 44332 18164 26076
Population changes. Births, deaths, immigration and emigration. 1951-2016
Population changes. Births, deaths, immigration and emigration. 1951-2016
Births Deaths Immigration Emigration
1951 60571 27736 6046 10172
1952 62543 28417 5967 7803
1953 62985 28412 6454 7529
1954 62739 29158 6005 7295
1955 63552 29099 7089 8728
1956 64171 29981 8092 10156
1957 63063 30560 12263 12599
1958 62985 31645 10161 11266
1959 63005 31761 10586 11807
1960 61880 32543 13536 18681
1961 62555 33313 11426 10610
1962 62254 34318 12778 12534
1963 63290 36850 11983 11364
1964 65570 35171 12406 14264
1965 66277 35317 12148 14021
1966 67061 36010 12446 13391
1967 66779 36216 15379 13022
1968 67350 37668 15350 13644
1969 67746 38994 15641 13526
1970 64551 38723 17383 18352
1971 65550 38981 19297 12682
1972 64260 39375 18388 13965
1973 61208 39958 17383 13939
1974 59603 39464 19209 14287
1975 56345 40061 19551 14782
1976 53474 40216 18955 14066
1977 50877 39824 19403 14369
1978 51749 40682 18825 14851
1979 51580 41632 17831 15085
1980 51039 41340 18776 14705
1981 50708 41893 19698 14522
1982 51245 41454 20468 14728
1983 49937 42224 20063 15778
1984 50274 42581 19688 15927
1985 51134 44372 21858 15630
1986 52514 43560 24196 16745
1987 54027 44959 31149 17380
1988 57526 45354 29964 19821
1989 59303 45173 25847 27300
1990 60939 46021 25494 23784
1991 60808 44923 26283 18238
1992 60109 44731 26743 16801
1993 59678 46597 31711 18903
1994 60092 44071 26911 19475
1995 60292 45190 25678 19312
1996 60927 43860 26407 20590
1997 59801 44595 31957 21257
1998 58352 44112 36704 22881
1999 59298 45170 41841 22842
2000 59234 44002 36542 26854
2001 56696 43981 34264 26309
2002 55434 44465 40122 22948
2003 56458 42478 35957 24672
2004 56951 41200 36482 23271
2005 56756 41232 40148 21709
2006 58545 41253 45776 22053
2007 58459 41954 61774 22122
2008 60497 41712 66961 23615
2009 61807 41449 65186 26549
2010 61442 41499 73852 31506
2011 60220 41393 79498 32466
2012 60255 41992 78570 31227
2013 58995 41282 75789 35716
2014 59084 40394 70030 31875
2015 59058 40727 67276 37474
2016 58890 40726 66800 40724
  • Low fertility rate...
    The post-war baby boom lasted until the mid-1960s, and was followed by a decline that bottomed out at the start of the 1980s. Fertility subsequently increased again, stabilising at around 1.9 children per woman. This has now fallen to 1.7 children per woman. Excluding migration, the total fertility rate in any country needs to be around 2.1 in order to prevent the population from declining in the long term.
  • … and falling mortality rate
    The mortality rate saw a general decline throughout the last century, with the exception of the period from 1950 to 1970. During this period, the mortality rate for men increased in most age groups, mainly due to a large number of deaths related to cardiovascular disease. The falling mortality rate is reflected in the increase in life expectancy: a boy born today can expect to live 80.4 years, and a girl 84.2 years. The gender gap in life expectancy continued to increase until the 1980s, when the difference was almost seven years, but more recently this fallen to four years.
  • More are living alone…
    Following World War II, nuclear families were the dominant form of living. The marriage rate was high and the share of one-person households fell slightly. The marriage rate then started to fall at start of the 1970s, while the number of divorces increased. The share of one-person households has now doubled: 38 per cent of households consist of people living alone, and this makes up almost one in five persons. In the population as a whole, approximately equal shares of men and women live alone. However, while single women are in the majority in the elderly population, men are in the majority among the younger age groups. One-person households are most common in city centres and rural areas.
  • … and more have live-in partners
    The decline in the number of marriages in recent years is not only due to the increase in divorces and the number of people living alone; couples are also choosing to live together without getting married. Unmarried cohabitants were introduced to the statistics at the end of the 1970s, but it is only in the last few decades that this form of living has become more popular. Cohabiting couples made up 28 per cent of all couples in 2015, up from 10 per cent in 1990. While cohabiting couples were previously unlikely to have children, the majority of them do have children nowadays. Young people under the age of 30 are now more likely to cohabit than get married.

 

  • High population growth…
    The population of Norway passed the 5 million mark in 2012, which is an increase of over 1.7 million since 1950. Immediately following World War II, the annual population growth was almost 1 per cent, mainly as a result of the high number of births. This growth sank to a third of a per cent in the 1980s, but has since risen to over 1 per cent. Today, the net immigration has a greater bearing on the population growth than the excess of births.
  • ...also in the coming years
    The result of the population projections depends on which assumptions are used. The main alternative, which is a prognosis based on medium fertility, life expectancy and net migration, shows continued growth for the remainder of this century. The population will surpass 6 million in around 2031, and 7 million by just before 2060 according to the medium alternative. A significant part of future growth is likely to be due to net immigration. If immigration, fertility and life expectancy are all low, the population will not pass the 6 million mark, and from 2060 the population of Norway will steadily fall. In the scenario with high fertility, life expectancy and immigration, the population could approach 9 million around 2060.
  • More immigrants
    Immigrants (defined as a person born outside Norway to foreign-born parents, and registered as resident in Norway in the National Population Register. Only the group of immigrants resident in Norway is included in our figures unless otherwise specified. The group of Norwegian-born with immigrant parents is not classified as immigrants.) and Norwegian-born with immigrant parents (persons born in Norway to two foreign-born parents and four foreign-born grandparents) made up 16,3 per cent of the population in Norway as of 1 January 2016, with a total of 848 200 persons. These two groups consist of persons with backgrounds from 223 different countries and autonomous regions. The number of immigrants and Norwegian-born with immigrant parents increased by 43 200 in 2015, which is the lowest percentage growth since 2006. At the start of 2016, there were 698 500 immigrants and 149 700 Norwegian-born with immigrant parents in Norway.
  • Aging population on the way
    Today, just over one in nine people in Norway are aged 70 years or over. This percentage is set to increase. In the medium alternative, roughly every fifth person in Norway will be aged 70 or over by 2060. The share of elderly will see a particular increase when the post-war baby boomers are elderly. Although Norway is aging, the aging population in Norway will be far smaller than in many other countries. This is because Norway has had a less negative fertility development and relatively high immigration compared with other countries in Europe and the west in general.

befpyramide

Figure 1. Population per 1 January. Registered and extrapolated in three alternatives

Figure 2. Population growth in selected countries. 2014

Figure 3. Total fertility rate

Figure 4. Total fertility rate in selected countries. 2014

Figure 5. Changes in population

Figure 6. Life expectancy for newborns, male and female