Decrease in labour force participation
Labour force participation decreased from the 2nd quarter of 2012 to the corresponding quarter in 2013. The decrease happened among both women and men.
|2nd quarter 2013||2nd quarter 2012 - 2nd quarter 2013|
|Absolute numbers||Per cent||Change in absolute numbers||Change in percentage points|
|Both sexes||2 710 000||71.5||17 000||-0.6|
|Males||1 439 000||74.5||12 000||-0.5|
|Females||1 271 000||68.4||5 000||-0.7|
|Both sexes||2 611 000||68.9||7 000||-0.8|
|Males||1 380 000||71.4||9 000||-0.7|
|Females||1 231 000||66.2||-2 000||-1.1|
|Both sexes||99 000||3.6||10 000||0.3|
|Males||59 000||4.1||3 000||0.2|
|Females||40 000||3.1||7 000||0.5|
Since the figures in this article are not seasonally-adjusted, comparisons are with the corresponding quarter in the previous year. The short-term changes in the labour market are presented in a separate article with seasonally-adjusted figures .
The share of labour force participants aged 15-74 years was 71.5 per cent in the 2nd quarter of 2013, down from 72.1 per cent in the same quarter the previous year. The population aged 15-74 years increased by 54 000 persons from the 2nd quarter of 2012 to the same quarter of 2013, while the number of persons in the labour force increased by 16 000 during the same period. Among women, the share of labour force participants went down by 0.7 percentage points to 68.4 per cent in the 2nd quarter of 2013. The labour force rate among men was 74.5 per cent in the 2nd quarter of 2013, down by 0.5 percentage points from the year before.
Stable number in employment
The Labour Force Survey shows an increase in the number of employed persons by 7 000 between the 2nd quarters of 2012 and 2013. The small increase in the number of employed persons in combination with the population growth resulted in a decrease in the employment rate by 0.8 percentage points. The decrease happened among both women and men.
Rise in long-term unemployment
Long-term unemployed are persons who have been unemployed for more than 26 weeks. Among the 99 000 unemployed persons in the 2nd quarter of 2013, 32 per cent were long-term unemployed – up 7 percentage points from the 2nd quarter of 2012. The number of unemployed persons increased by 10 000 during the same period, the growth happened mainly among women.
A total of 73 000 persons were underemployed in the 2nd quarter of 2013, unchanged from the same quarter the previous year. The underemployed are part-time employees who have tried to find more work. The majority of underemployed persons are women. This must be seen in relation to the prevalence of part-time employment among women. The time the underemployed wanted to work extra in the 2nd quarter of 2013 corresponded to 27 000 full-time jobs. Adding the time that the unemployed wanted to work that quarter, the work wanted by these two groups corresponds to 115 000 full-time jobs.
The labour force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons between 15 and 74 years of age. From the 2nd quarter of 2012 to the 2nd quarter of 2013, the employment rose by 7 000 persons and unemployment by 10 000 persons. This gives an increase in the labour force of 16 000 persons (discrepancy due to rounding). In the same period, the population aged 15-74 increased by 54 000 persons. The labour force participation rate decreased.