287393
/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/aku/kvartal
287393
statistikk
2017-07-27T08:00:00.000Z
Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants;Labour market and earnings
en
aku, Labour force survey, LFS, labour market, employees, unemployed, economically active, labour force, labour force status, employees by industry, underemployment, part-time work, hours of work, temporary staffEmployment , Labour market and earnings, Unemployment , Immigration and immigrants, Labour market and earnings
true

Labour force survey

Updated

Next update

Key figures

70.2 %

in the labour force.

Population aged 15-74, by labour force status and sex
2nd quarter 20172nd quarter 2016 - 2nd quarter 2017
Absolute numbersPer centChange in absolute numbersChange in percentage points
Labour force
Both sexes2 782 00070.21 000-0.6
Males1 471 00072.8-12 000-1.1
Females1 311 00067.613 0000.1
 
Employed persons
Both sexes2 658 00067.111 000-0.3
Males1 401 00069.35 000-0.3
Females1 258 00064.97 000-0.1
 
Unemployed
Both sexes123 0004.4-11 000-0.4
Males70 0004.8-17 000-1.0
Females53 0004.06 0000.4

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. 1000

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. 1000
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
Persons, total
Both sexes3 8963 9343 9213 9293 9393 9483 9553 961
Males1 9892 0082 0022 0062 0112 0152 0192 022
Females1 9071 9261 9201 9231 9281 9331 9361 940
 
The labour force
Both sexes2 7722 7792 7782 7812 8042 7562 7532 782
Males1 4701 4751 4741 4831 4841 4591 4611 471
Females1 3021 3041 3041 2981 3191 2961 2911 311
 
Employed persons
Both sexes2 6512 6472 6422 6472 6662 6352 6282 658
Males1 4021 3951 3901 3961 4071 3871 3871 401
Females1 2491 2521 2521 2511 2581 2491 2421 258
 
Unemployed
Both sexes121132135134138120124123
Males6880848777737570
Females5352524761485053
 
Persons outside of the labour force
Both sexes1 1241 1551 1441 1481 1351 1931 2021 180
Males519533528523527556557551
Females605622616625609636645629

Table 2 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. Changes from the same period in the previous year. 1000

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. Changes from the same period in the previous year. 1000
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
Persons, total
Total4638413939353432
Males2519222020171716
Females2119201919181617
 
Labour force, total
In total38732-411-9-251
Males2451564-5-13-12
Females15216-96-5-1313
 
Employed persons
In total14-414-160-12-1411
Males10-7-3-100-13-35
Females4317-503-107
 
Unemployed
In total25111712112-11-11
Males1412181649-9-17
Females11-1-1-46-7-26
 
Persons outside of the labour force
Total831104328455832
Males11461516222928
Females7174281322294

Table 3 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status(LFS) and sex. Per cent

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status(LFS) and sex. Per cent
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
Labour force in per cent of the population
Both sexes71.270.670.870.871.269.869.670.2
Males73.973.473.673.973.872.472.472.8
Females68.367.767.967.568.467.166.767.6
 
Employed persons in per cent of the population
Both sexes68.067.367.467.467.766.766.567.1
Males70.569.569.469.670.068.868.769.3
Females65.565.065.265.065.364.664.164.9
 
Unemployed persons in per cent of the labour force
Both sexes4.44.74.94.84.94.44.54.4
Males4.65.45.75.85.25.05.14.8
Females4.14.04.03.64.63.73.94.0
 
Outside the labour force in per cent of the population
Both sexes28.829.429.229.228.830.230.429.8
Males26.126.626.426.126.227.627.627.2
Females31.732.332.132.531.632.933.332.4

Table 4 
Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
Labour force
15-74 years
Both sexes2 7722 7792 7782 7812 8042 7562 7532 782
Males1 4701 4751 4741 4831 4841 4591 4611 471
Females1 3021 3041 3041 2981 3191 2961 2911 311
 
15-24 years
Both sexes380369368372380355350368
Males195190190193194183183190
Females185179178179187172167178
 
25-66 years
Both sexes2 3422 3612 3612 3582 3732 3532 3532 361
Males1 2421 2531 2531 2581 2581 2451 2451 244
Females1 1001 1081 1081 1001 1151 1081 1081 117
 
Employed
15-74 years
Both sexes2 6512 6472 6422 6472 6662 6352 6282 658
Males1 4021 3951 3901 3961 4071 3871 3871 401
Females1 2491 2521 2521 2511 2581 2491 2421 258
 
15-24 years
Both sexes342328326326340321313324
Males173166165164172163162165
Females169162161162168158152160
 
25-66 years
Both sexes2 2592 2702 2682 2702 2762 2662 2662 281
Males1 1961 1981 1951 2001 2031 1931 1931 199
Females1 0641 0731 0731 0701 0731 0741 0731 082

Table 5 
Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). In per cent of the population

Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). In per cent of the population
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
Persons in the labour force
15-74 years
Both sexes71.270.670.870.871.269.869.670.2
Males73.973.473.673.973.872.472.472.8
Females68.367.767.967.568.467.166.767.6
 
15-24 years
Both sexes56.755.355.155.857.153.152.455.3
Males56.355.154.856.256.352.953.055.3
Females57.255.555.455.457.853.351.955.4
 
25-66 years
Both sexes82.182.082.282.082.381.581.481.7
Males85.185.185.485.485.284.384.284.3
Females78.978.878.978.579.378.678.578.9
 
Employed persons
15-74 years
Both sexes68.067.367.467.467.766.766.567.1
Males70.569.569.469.670.068.868.769.3
Females65.565.065.265.065.364.664.164.9
 
15-24 years
Both sexes51.149.248.848.851.048.146.948.7
Males50.048.147.547.750.147.146.747.9
Females52.250.350.250.052.049.147.249.6
 
25-66 years
Both sexes79.278.979.079.079.078.578.478.9
Males81.981.381.481.581.580.780.781.3
Females76.376.376.576.476.376.276.076.5

Table 6 
Persons aged 15-74, employed by contractual/usual working hours per week and unemployed, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons aged 15-74, employed by contractual/usual working hours per week and unemployed, by age and sex (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
1Short part-time=1-19 working hours. Long part-time=20-36 working hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 hours who classify themselves as full-time employed. Full-time = 37 or more hours, including the exceptions mentioned above.
15-74 years
Both sexes
Total3 8963 9343 9213 9293 9393 9483 9553 961
Employed persons2 6512 6472 6422 6472 6662 6352 6282 658
Short part-time338328350341303318328314
Long part-time335339333342345338338344
Full time1 9701 9711 9501 9582 0071 9701 9541 992
Not reported working hours8996101089
Unemployed persons121132135134138120124123
 
15-19 years
Both sexes
Total326324325325323324323323
Employed persons113109108105116106103106
Short part-time7064726858606468
Long part-time111410112014911
Full time3030252537322926
Not reported working hours11201111
Unemployed persons1820222519161823
 
20-24 years
Both sexes
Total344343343343343344344342
Employed persons229220218221224216211218
Short part-time7071777560737565
Long part-time3837323843343538
Full time11910910610711710698113
Not reported working hours23214322
Unemployed persons2020202221181821
 
25-54 years
Males
Total1 0981 1071 1021 1081 1081 1101 1091 110
Employed persons936935931936939932933938
Short part-time3535383732323535
Long part-time4344444445435149
Full time857854848853861855847853
Not reported working hours22221212
Unemployed persons4249505149454439
 
Females
Total1 0391 0481 0481 0451 0491 0501 0541 055
Employed persons839846848846846846845852
Short part-time8282858377828180
Long part-time160162163165156161165160
Full time594601597597611599596609
Not reported working hours22212332
Unemployed persons3432322739313232
 
55-66 years
Males
Total361367366365368368369366
Employed persons259263264264263260259261
Short part-time1820212021191816
Long part-time1817161716171616
Full time222225226226226224225228
Not reported working hours00001001
Unemployed persons57866786
 
Females
Total355357355357357359358359
Employed persons225226225224226228228231
Short part-time4139374039373835
Long part-time5354575353545055
Full time131133131130133135139141
Not reported working hours01011111
Unemployed persons33233323
 
67-74 years
Both sexes
Total373388382387390394397405
Employed persons5049485150474953
Short part-time2017201916141717
Long part-time1213121312141214
Full time1819161922192022
Not reported working hours00100000
Unemployed persons00000000

Table 7 
Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
Total2 7722 7792 7782 7812 8042 7562 7532 782
15-19 years130129130130135122121129
20-24 years249240238243245233229239
25-29 years295306305303311306303307
30-39 years611611611610612610610610
40-54 years945946946948952938942943
55-66 years492499500497499499498500
67-74 years5049495150485053
 
Males
Total1 4701 4751 4741 4831 4841 4591 4611 471
15-19 years6364636566626063
20-24 years131126127129128122123127
25-29 years156160161160161157158158
30-39 years323326323328326326323325
40-54 years498498497500501494496495
55-66 years264270272270269268268267
67-74 years3331313232313337
 
Females
Total1 3021 3041 3041 2981 3191 2961 2911 311
15-19 years6765666569616166
20-24 years118114112114117111106112
25-29 years138146144143149149145149
30-39 years287285288282286284287286
40-54 years447448449448451444446448
55-66 years228229228227229231230233
67-74 years1718181918161716

Table 8 
Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). As per cent of all in each group

Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). As per cent of all in each group
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
15-74 years71.270.670.870.871.269.869.670.2
15-19 years40.039.839.839.941.837.737.439.9
20-24 years72.669.969.570.971.467.766.669.9
25-29 years82.383.783.683.384.783.382.383.0
30-39 years88.387.687.987.587.787.286.986.8
40-54 years86.986.686.786.887.185.886.286.3
55-66 years68.768.969.268.868.868.768.568.9
67-74 years13.412.712.813.112.812.112.513.1
 
Males
15-74 years73.973.473.673.973.872.472.472.8
15-19 years37.538.137.538.639.437.035.737.8
20-24 years74.371.171.273.072.367.869.271.7
25-29 years85.885.686.986.586.183.183.983.6
30-39 years90.890.690.690.690.690.889.789.7
40-54 years89.188.888.989.089.388.088.588.5
55-66 years73.073.674.274.073.372.872.572.9
67-74 years18.216.616.316.817.016.217.018.2
 
Females
15-74 years68.367.767.967.568.467.166.767.6
15-19 years42.741.642.441.344.338.439.142.2
20-24 years70.868.667.668.670.567.663.867.9
25-29 years78.681.880.380.183.383.580.782.5
30-39 years85.784.385.184.184.583.483.983.8
40-54 years84.684.384.584.584.883.583.884.0
55-66 years64.364.164.163.664.364.564.364.9
67-74 years8.99.09.39.58.98.18.27.9

Table 9 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and contractual/usual working hours per week (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and contractual/usual working hours per week (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
1Part-time = 1-36 hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 working hours who classify themselves as full-time employed. Full-time = 37 hours and over and the cases mentioned above.
Both sexes
Total2 6512 6472 6422 6472 6662 6352 6282 658
Part-time, total672668684683649656666658
Short part-time. 1-9 hours139134152141116126129126
Short part-time. 10-19 hours199194198200187192199189
Long part-time. 20-29 hours174176177176172180178183
Long part-time. 30-36 hours161163157166173158160161
Full time, total1 9701 9711 9501 9582 0071 9701 9541 992
Full time. 32-36 hours172177178183173173167182
Full-time. 37-44 hours1 5991 5961 5811 5791 6281 5951 5981 618
Full-time. 45 hours and more194194185192201196184187
Average contractual/usual working hours34.234.334.034.234.734.434.334.4
 
Males
Total1 4021 3951 3901 3961 4071 3871 3871 401
Part-time, total207206212211204198209206
Short part-time. 1-9 hours5351585244485047
Short part-time. 10-19 hours6767706965626765
Long part-time. 20-29 hours4848464949505251
Long part-time. 30-36 hours3940374046384143
Full time, total1 1911 1861 1741 1831 2001 1851 1751 191
Full time. 32-36 hours8483898777788083
Full-time. 37-44 hours955950939946962954947961
Full-time. 45 hours and more148149143146157148145143
Average contractual/usual working hours36.536.636.336.536.936.736.536.6
 
Females
Total1 2491 2521 2521 2511 2581 2491 2421 258
Part-time, total465462472473445458456452
Short part-time. 1-9 hours8583948972788079
Short part-time. 10-19 hours132127128131122129132124
Long part-time. 20-29 hours126128131127123130126132
Long part-time. 30-36 hours122123119125128120119118
Full time, total779786775776807784779801
Full time. 32-36 hours8894909696958799
Full-time. 37-44 hours644645642633666641651658
Full-time. 45 hours and more4645424743473944
Average contractual/usual working hours31.731.831.531.632.231.931.731.9

Table 10 
Population aged 15-74, by main activity, part-time employment and age (LFS). 1 000

Population aged 15-74, by main activity, part-time employment and age (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
1
2The term employed here includes full-time employed persons, as well as part-time workers who consider the employment as their main activity.
15-74 years
Persons
Total3 8963 9343 9213 9293 9393 9483 9553 961
Part-time employees672668684683649656666658
Employed2
Total2 3922 3982 3792 3912 4252 3952 3892 413
Part-time employees422427430433418426435422
Attended school, studied
Total504502511509475514525516
Part-time employees160152156160142151156158
Homeworking
Total4745465544373638
Part-time employees67787434
Early retired/disabled
Total385387384391383388382380
Part-time employees2424252228232023
Retired
Total336360352351362374377380
Part-time employees1816171517151417
Other activities/Unspecified
Total232242248231251240246235
Part-time employees4342494437373835
 
15-19 years
Persons
Total326324325325323324323323
Part-time employees8278817978747379
Employed2
Total3838353245413835
Part-time employees9910781099
Attended school, studied
Total270266270272256266269272
Part-time employees6661626462585763
Other activities/Unspecified
Total1719192122161616
Part-time employees78988667
 
20-24 years
Persons
Total344343343343343344344342
Part-time employees108108109113103107110103
Employed2
Total152144138142154140135148
Part-time employees3434313537353736
Attended school, studied
Total144149152151138157161148
Part-time employees6463636757646562
Homeworking
Total32222122
Part-time employees00000000
Other activities/Unspecified
Total4549524750464543
Part-time employees101014108875
 
25-54 years
Persons
Total2 1372 1552 1502 1532 1572 1602 1632 165
Part-time employees320322330329311319332324
Employed2
Total1 7091 7181 7111 7171 7291 7161 7131 721
Part-time employees258263266267257262270259
Attended school, studied
Total8885878479899294
Part-time employees2927302822293333
Homeworking
Total3231323730252527
Part-time employees44565223
Early retired/disabled
Total153162161166154167166167
Part-time employees10101110119910
Other activities/Unspecified
Total155158158148166162169157
Part-time employees2017181815171918
 
55-66 years
Persons
Total716724722722724726727725
Part-time employees130130131131129127121122
Employed2
Total463465466466464465467472
Part-time employees110107108110105105102103
Homeworking
Total1111111411998
Part-time employees22222210
Early retired/disabled
Total204195196197197190186187
Part-time employees1314151116131112
Retired
Total1525211925353530
Part-time employees12122233
Other activities/Unspecified
Total2427272628272728
Part-time employees45564454
 
67-74 years
Persons
Total373388382387390394397405
Part-time employees3230323128292931
Employed2
Total3132303433333637
Part-time employees1314141512141615
Homeworking
Total01111101
Part-time employees00000000
Retired
Total321334331331336339341350
Part-time employees1614151414121114
Other activities/Unspecified
Total2121202021211918
Part-time employees32232221

Table 11 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by major industry division (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by major industry division (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
1
Total2 6512 6472 6422 6472 6662 6352 6282 658
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing5355515560555454
05-09 Mining and quarrying6857645953525154
10-33 Manufacturing226217216221220212212211
35-39 Power and water supply, sew./remed.act.2830292830333531
41-43 Construction206206205202209209210214
45-47 Domestic trade, car repair shops358360361353366359363360
49-53 Transportation and storage144139140140142133125136
55-56 Accomm. and food service act.7772737274687477
58-63 Information and communication999710094969910099
64-66 Financial and insurance act.5347474746464748
68-75 Real estate, profess., scient. and tech.act.183182184183181180180177
77-82 Adm. and support service act.118117111120123112112119
84 Public administration and defence173182175177185189189190
85 Education227227226231220230225219
86-88 Human health and social work act.521538538539536541535548
90-99 Other service act.112114114117116108110115
Unspecified68779996

Table 12 
Average number of man-weeks worked (37.5 hours), by industry division (LFS). 1 000

Average number of man-weeks worked (37.5 hours), by industry division (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
1The time series is not adjusted for alternating holidays.
00-99 Total2 0042 0182 0642 1001 7992 1102 1732 017
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing5758526161575456
05-09 Mining and quarrying5747545038444543
10-33 Manufacturing183182185195163186191178
35-39 Electricity, water supply, sewerage, waste management2325252523293025
41-43 Construction171171165179156182191182
45 Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles4042454435464941
46 Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles9189939380919685
47 Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles123127124126123135131123
49-53 Transportation and storage121117119118112118111110
55-56 Acommodation and food service activities5250515149465253
58-63 Information and communication8382878170889385
64-66 Financial and insurance activities4339424131424142
68-75 Real estate, professional, scientific and technical activities148149159161121154169143
77-82 Administrative and support service activities8788849586858786
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security140151153153130168170153
85 Education158155161168119175178152
86-88 Human health and social work activities345362377367322383393375
90-99 Other service activities7678818471748480

Table 13 
Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). Per cent

Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). Per cent
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work83.383.886.988.672.287.689.686.6
Temporarily absent, total16.716.213.111.427.812.410.413.4
Illness3.43.34.03.12.73.43.73.1
Holiday8.28.13.83.620.64.42.45.3
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1.71.51.81.41.41.41.21.6
Laid off0.10.10.20.20.00.10.10.0
Other reason/ unspecified3.33.13.33.23.03.13.13.3
 
Males
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work85.085.888.590.874.789.291.188.6
Temporarily absent, total15.014.211.59.225.310.88.911.4
Illness2.92.63.52.22.22.73.02.5
Holiday7.98.03.93.319.74.92.35.3
Taking time off/ working time arrangement2.01.61.91.61.51.51.51.6
Laid off0.20.20.30.20.10.20.10.0
Other reason/ unspecified2.01.81.91.71.81.61.91.9
 
Females
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work81.481.685.286.069.585.887.984.4
Temporarily absent, total18.618.414.814.030.514.212.115.6
Illness4.04.04.64.03.34.34.43.8
Holiday8.58.33.73.921.73.92.55.3
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1.41.31.71.21.21.30.81.5
Laid off0.00.10.00.10.00.10.00.0
Other reason/ unspecified4.74.74.84.84.44.74.44.9

Table 14 
Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
In total2 6512 6472 6422 6472 6662 6352 6282 658
At work2 2082 2182 2962 3441 9262 3072 3542 302
Temporarily absent, total443429346303740328274356
Illness91871068272909684
Holiday2172151009554911763140
Taking time off/ working time arrangement4540483836363142
Laid off34541421
Other reason/ unspecified8783888480818189
 
Males
In total1 4021 3951 3901 3961 4071 3871 3871 401
At work1 1911 1961 2301 2681 0521 2371 2641 241
Temporarily absent, total211199160128355150123160
Illness4037483131374236
Holiday1111115446277683274
Taking time off/ working time arrangement2823262322202123
Laid off33531321
Other reason/ unspecified2825272426222727
 
Females
In total1 2491 2521 2521 2511 2581 2491 2421 258
At work1 0171 0221 0661 0768741 0721 0921 062
Temporarily absent, total232230186175384177150196
Illness5151575042535448
Holiday1061044649273493167
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1717211515161019
Laid off01111101
Other reason/ unspecified5858616055585562

Table 15 
Employed persons aged 15-74, and average number of man-weeks worked (a 37.5 hours) per week, by sex and status. 1 000. Actual working hours, by sex and status. Hours per week

Employed persons aged 15-74, and average number of man-weeks worked (a 37.5 hours) per week, by sex and status. 1 000. Actual working hours, by sex and status. Hours per week
Annual Average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
Employed persons total
Both sexes
Total2 6512 6472 6422 6472 6662 6352 6282 658
Salaried employees2 4652 4642 4532 4642 4802 4582 4532 483
Self-employed181179184179179173173172
Family workers55537423
Males
Total1 4021 3951 3901 3961 4071 3871 3871 401
Salaried employees1 2731 2681 2601 2681 2781 2661 2681 280
Self-employed125124127127125119117119
Family workers32214111
Females
Total1 2491 2521 2521 2511 2581 2491 2421 258
Salaried employees1 1911 1961 1931 1961 2011 1921 1851 203
Self-employed5554575354545553
Family workers22323212
 
Employed persons at work
Both sexes
Total2 2082 2182 2962 3441 9262 3082 3552 302
Salaried employees2 0472 0572 1282 1751 7762 1482 1942 144
Self-employed156158164166144156158155
Family workers54436423
Males
Total1 1911 1961 2301 2681 0521 2361 2631 241
Salaried employees1 0791 0841 1131 1509461 1281 1551 131
Self-employed110110115117103107107108
Family workers22213111
Females
Total1 0171 0221 0661 0768741 0711 0921 062
Salaried employees9689731 0151 0258301 0201 0401 013
Self-employed4747494941495148
Family workers22223212
 
Man-weeks worked
Both sexes
Total2 0032 0172 0642 0991 7982 1092 1722 017
Salaried employees1 8391 8541 8981 9271 6431 9482 0091 860
Self-employed161162164171152159162155
Family workers22112212
Males
Total1 1671 1741 1911 2271 0541 2231 2531 165
Salaried employees1 0451 0521 0691 0989361 1061 1361 052
Self-employed120121122129117117117112
Family workers11101101
Females
Total836843872872743885919852
Salaried employees794802829829707841873808
Self-employed4141424235434543
Family workers11111101
 
Actual working hours per week
Both sexes
Total34.034.133.733.635.034.334.632.9
Salaried employees33.733.833.533.234.734.034.332.6
Self-employed38.638.537.538.739.538.438.637.4
Family workers16.915.714.317.415.516.49.818.8
Males
Total36.836.836.336.337.637.137.235.2
Salaried employees36.436.436.035.837.236.836.934.9
Self-employed41.041.139.741.442.641.041.039.0
Family workers18.515.813.17.717.823.17.619.2
Females
Total30.831.030.730.431.931.031.630.1
Salaried employees30.830.930.630.332.031.031.530.0
Self-employed32.932.332.232.332.032.833.333.7
Family workers15.215.615.923.412.713.112.018.4

Table 16 
Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). 1000

Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). 1000
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
Total196214205218232201189212
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing33234212
05-39 Mining etc., manufacture, power and water supply121191113111311
41-43 Construction91091011998
45-47 Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles2224242031211824
49-53 Transportation and storage86566558
55-56 Accommodation and food service activities910910129811
58-63 Information and communication44534444
64-66 Financial and insurance activities11110111
68-82 Real estate, scientific, technical, administrative and support service activities2122202422201923
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security1114121315151416
85 Education2530293126343029
86-88 Human health and social work activities5765656769605563
90-99 Other service activities111312151681011

Table 17 
Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). In per cent of all employees

Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). In per cent of all employees
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
Total7.98.78.38.89.48.27.78.5
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing13.210.68.911.613.97.42.89.1
05-39 Mining etc., manufacture, power and water supply3.83.83.13.74.43.84.54.0
41-43 Construction4.95.45.35.66.04.74.84.0
45-47 Domestic trade, car repair shop6.67.07.16.08.76.05.36.8
49-53 Transportation and storage6.14.54.24.74.94.14.36.6
55-56 Accomommodation and food service activities12.014.613.714.217.013.411.314.9
58-63 Information and communication4.54.34.93.54.34.54.14.4
64-66 Financial and insurance activities2.41.92.02.71.01.82.41.5
68-82 Real estate, scientific, technical, administrative and support service activities8.08.17.79.08.17.67.28.4
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security6.47.56.87.28.17.97.48.2
85 Education11.213.713.313.912.215.213.913.3
86-88 Human health and social work activities11.412.612.512.913.411.510.712.0
90-99 Other service activities12.714.212.916.517.010.111.611.8

Table 18 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and age (LFS). 1 000 and per cent

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and age (LFS). 1 000 and per cent
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
Unemployed
Both sexes
In total121132135134138120124123
15-24 years3841424741343744
25-54 years7581837889767671
55-74 years810119910119
Males
In total6880848777737570
15-24 years2224252922202225
25-54 years4249505149454439
55-74 years57866796
Females
In total5352524761485053
15-24 years1617171719141518
25-54 years3432322739313232
55-74 years33333323
 
Unemployed as per cent of the labour force
Both sexes
In total4.44.74.94.84.94.44.54.4
15-24 years10.011.011.412.510.69.510.511.9
25-54 years4.14.44.44.24.74.14.13.8
55-74 years1.51.82.01.71.71.92.11.6
Males
In total4.65.45.75.85.25.05.14.8
15-24 years11.112.613.315.111.111.011.813.3
25-54 years4.35.05.15.25.04.64.54.0
55-74 years1.62.32.72.12.12.53.02.0
Females
In total4.14.04.03.64.63.73.94.0
15-24 years8.89.39.49.810.17.99.010.4
25-54 years3.83.73.73.14.43.63.73.6
55-74 years1.41.11.11.11.21.21.01.1

Table 19 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by duration of job search (LFS). 1 000 and per cent

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by duration of job search (LFS). 1 000 and per cent
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
Total121132135134138120124123
1-4 weeks2526252731202823
5-13 weeks2827302529252326
14-26 weeks2222252419201922
27-39 weeks579410656
40-52 weeks1724232626201819
53 weeks and over1315151613161913
 
Total100100100100100100100100
1-4 weeks2120192022172319
5-13 weeks2320221921211921
14-26 weeks1817191814171518
27-39 weeks45737545
40-52 weeks1418171919171515
53 weeks and over111111129131511
 
Average duration (weeks)27.930.329.232.228.431.831.829.3

Table 20 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by main activity (LFS). 1 000

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by main activity (LFS). 1 000
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
Total121132135134138120124123
Home working22332213
Attended school, studied2730333529252839
Unemployed8288908892848472
Other activities/Unspecified1011109158119

Table 21 
Unemployed and underemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and desired working hours per week. Number of man-weeks (of 37,5 hours) supplied (LFS). 1 000

Unemployed and underemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and desired working hours per week. Number of man-weeks (of 37,5 hours) supplied (LFS). 1 000
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
Unemployed persons
Total121132135134138120124123
1-19 hours2021222120202417
20-36 hours2429263236222034
37 hours or more7782878183788172
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3232323232323232
Number of man-weeks desired105113116115118104106105
Underemployed persons
Total7174796973736655
1-19 hours75763243
20-36 hours2727292625292322
37 hours or more3742433745423830
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3334333435343434
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks2628292627282420
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total131141145141145132130125
 
Males
Unemployed persons
Total6880848777737570
1-19 hours710815712114
20-36 hours10141612218920
37 hours or more5156606050535446
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3433343333333333
Number of man-weeks desired6271757769646662
Underemployed persons
Total2125312324212216
1-19 hours21221121
20-36 hours67975765
37 hours or more1317201518141510
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3435343436343433
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks911131110897
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total7182888879727569
 
Women
Unemployed persons
Total5352524761485053
1-19 hours13101561381213
20-36 hours1515112015141114
37 hours or more2527272233252625
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3030293030313030
Number of man-weeks desired4342403850404042
Underemployed persons
Total5049494649524439
1-19 hours53543132
20-36 hours2121202020221717
37 hours or more2425232327282420
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3333323334343434
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks1617171617191513
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total5959575467595555

Table 22 
Employed persons 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS). 1000

Employed persons 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS). 1000
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
Total2 6512 6472 6422 6472 6662 6352 6282 658
Østfold137134135134133134132133
Akershus305312311309314313309314
Oslo365367371367364367369370
Hedmark9593919194959595
Oppland9395969595949396
Buskerud138138137140140137138136
Vestfold119119116119121118120120
Telemark8281808282818082
Aust-Agder5454555455525253
Vest-Agder8787868788878888
Rogaland246243246245243236234240
Hordaland268266265266269264259267
Sogn og Fjordane5757575757575758
Møre og Romsdal134132132132132133132132
Sør-Trøndelag164164163163164164164166
Nord-Trøndelag6768666670686969
Nordland117117115119121113115116
Troms - Romsa8786868687868587
Finnmark - Finnmárku3737373637373637
 
Males
Total1 4021 3951 3901 3961 4071 3871 3871 401
Østfold7371707071717271
Akershus158163160162164164163165
Oslo190191194190189190189190
Hedmark5148484748505150
Oppland4949514949474851
Buskerud7372727573707172
Vestfold6362616263636462
Telemark4444434545434344
Aust-Agder3029302930282727
Vest-Agder4545444445474647
Rogaland130132133135132128125129
Hordaland143139140138142137137139
Sogn og Fjordane3131303131323031
Møre og Romsdal7271707171727170
Sør-Trøndelag8686858688878888
Nord-Trøndelag3637373739363738
Nordland6260586062596061
Troms - Romsa4646464646454646
Finnmark - Finnmárku2019191819191920
 
Females
Total1 2491 2521 2521 2511 2581 2491 2421 258
Østfold6463656462626061
Akershus146149151147150149146148
Oslo175176177176175177179180
Hedmark4344434446454445
Oppland4546454646474545
Buskerud6566646567686765
Vestfold5656565757555658
Telemark3937373737383639
Aust-Agder2525252525242525
Vest-Agder4242424343414242
Rogaland115111113110112109109111
Hordaland125126124127127127122128
Sogn og Fjordane2626262725252627
Møre og Romsdal6261626161616162
Sør-Trøndelag7777797776777679
Nord-Trøndelag3130292931323230
Nordland5557565959555654
Troms - Romsa4041404042414040
Finnmark - Finnmárku1818181818171818

Table 23 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS), as per cent of all persons in each group

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS), as per cent of all persons in each group
Annual average1st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
Total68.067.367.467.467.766.766.567.1
Østfold63.161.262.061.560.560.759.960.0
Akershus69.870.270.569.870.670.168.969.6
Oslo71.871.072.171.270.370.670.971.1
Hedmark64.763.161.862.264.064.564.564.2
Oppland65.966.867.567.166.766.065.367.1
Buskerud66.866.165.566.966.765.465.764.8
Vestfold65.364.363.464.765.463.664.664.4
Telemark63.562.361.262.962.862.261.163.0
Aust-Agder62.962.263.361.863.560.260.160.7
Vest-Agder64.764.163.464.064.764.164.464.6
Rogaland70.769.370.470.069.567.566.968.4
Hordaland69.868.668.568.669.367.966.768.7
Sogn og Fjordane70.870.570.671.170.469.970.172.4
Møre og Romsdal68.667.066.967.066.967.266.866.9
Sør-Trøndelag69.468.568.768.468.768.268.268.8
Nord-Trøndelag66.667.065.465.669.567.467.567.6
Nordland64.464.463.265.566.562.363.463.5
Troms - Romsa69.568.868.768.469.868.267.668.6
Finnmark - Finnmárku64.663.363.662.164.563.162.564.3
 
Males
Total70.569.569.469.670.068.868.769.3
Østfold66.863.763.563.563.864.064.363.5
Akershus71.872.571.972.572.972.872.072.4
Oslo73.973.274.773.272.672.672.372.3
Hedmark69.265.164.463.864.867.668.067.0
Oppland67.667.870.068.467.465.265.769.8
Buskerud69.568.068.270.568.065.266.366.9
Vestfold68.967.065.667.068.167.368.465.9
Telemark66.566.465.367.767.964.965.666.1
Aust-Agder67.366.068.065.767.762.861.561.8
Vest-Agder65.965.163.664.365.567.165.867.0
Rogaland72.672.973.774.572.870.669.471.4
Hordaland72.369.970.569.471.068.668.669.7
Sogn og Fjordane74.173.872.273.275.074.972.374.7
Møre og Romsdal70.669.268.269.669.369.969.468.0
Sør-Trøndelag71.270.369.370.071.870.270.870.5
Nord-Trøndelag69.972.371.272.475.769.870.573.5
Nordland66.663.962.764.066.362.763.565.4
Troms - Romsa71.970.571.670.770.769.170.171.1
Finnmark - Finnmárku64.462.161.860.063.263.561.163.9
 
Females
Total65.565.065.265.065.364.664.164.9
Østfold59.358.660.559.557.257.455.356.4
Akershus67.767.969.267.068.367.365.866.7
Oslo69.768.869.569.168.068.669.569.7
Hedmark60.061.059.160.663.161.260.961.4
Oppland64.165.864.965.865.966.864.964.2
Buskerud64.064.262.863.165.365.765.062.5
Vestfold61.761.561.162.462.659.960.863.0
Telemark60.458.057.157.857.559.556.559.9
Aust-Agder58.358.258.457.859.257.458.759.6
Vest-Agder63.562.963.163.863.861.063.062.1
Rogaland68.765.566.965.165.964.164.365.1
Hordaland67.267.266.467.867.467.164.867.7
Sogn og Fjordane67.266.968.868.865.564.567.769.8
Møre og Romsdal66.464.665.664.264.364.463.965.6
Sør-Trøndelag67.566.668.166.765.466.265.367.0
Nord-Trøndelag63.061.559.458.563.164.864.461.4
Nordland62.164.963.767.266.661.963.361.4
Troms - Romsa67.066.965.566.068.867.265.065.8
Finnmark - Finnmárku64.864.765.664.566.062.764.164.8

Table 24 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. Per cent

Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. Per cent
20152016
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
1. Managers7.79.35.97.99.36.3
2. Professionals26.821.033.327.020.833.8
3. Technicians and associate professionals17.018.815.116.918.914.7
4. Clerical support workers5.94.17.95.84.47.4
5. Service and sales workers19.912.228.620.312.429.1
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers1.92.80.91.92.70.9
7. Craft and related trades workers9.316.61.19.316.71.0
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers6.210.31.65.89.61.5
0,9. Other occupations5.35.05.65.15.05.2

Table 25 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. 1 000
20152016
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
In total2 6511 4021 2492 6471 3951 252
1. Managers2031307321013079
2. Professionals710295415714290424
3. Technicians and associate professionals452263189448264184
4. Clerical support workers15758991546292
5. Service and sales workers528171357537173364
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers503911493812
7. Craft and related trades workers2462321424623313
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1641442015413419
0,9. Other occupations14070701357065

Table 26 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation, sector and sex. Annual average. 1000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation, sector and sex. Annual average. 1000
2016
All sectorsPrivate sector and public enterprisesPublic sector
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
In total2 6471 3951 2521 7881 129659848260588
1. Managers2101307916011051492129
2. Professionals714290424312179132401111291
3. Technicians and associate professionals4482641843392191201074463
4. Clerical support workers1546292133577620416
5. Service and sales workers53717336432312519821147164
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers493812483711111
7. Craft and related trades workers2462331324022812541
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1541341914913019441
0,9. Other occupations1357065844341492624

Table 27 
Employed persons ages 15-74, by occupation and major industry division. Annual average. 1000

Employed persons ages 15-74, by occupation and major industry division. Annual average. 1000
2016
In total1. Managers2. Professionals3. Technicians and associate professionals4. Clerical support workers5. Service and sales workers6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers7. Craft and related trades workers8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers0,9. Other occupations
00-99 All industries2 64721071444815453749246154135
01-02 Agriculture and forestry410011135121
03 Fishing14102009100
05-09 Oil and gas extraction, mining and quarrying57416142108111
10-33 Manufacturing217262046133054497
35-39 Electricity, gas, water supply30458310415
41-43 Construction20614625930119209
45-47 Domestic trade3604817563316213536
49-53 Transport and storage139862326903575
55-56 Accommodation and food service activities7291364200111
58-63 Information and communication97106016430202
64-66 Financial and insurance activities475733100000
68-82 Real estate, tech.adm service2991693782534313433
84 Public administration and defence18222704471002125
85 Education2271217385240005
86-88 Human health and social work activities5381920966921501117
90-99 Other service activities1141130248290236

Table 28 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex, occupation and contractual/usual work time. Annual average

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex, occupation and contractual/usual work time. Annual average
2016
TotalPart-timePercent Part-timeFull-timePercent Full-timeAverage working hours per week
Both sexes
In total2 64766825.21 97174.534.3
1. Managers210115.319894.639.2
2. Professionals71413819.457480.435.8
3. Technicians and associate professionals4487416.437483.435.6
4. Clerical support workers1544831.010668.632.3
5. Service and sales workers53729755.323744.027.8
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers491224.53774.741.3
7. Craft and related trades workers246176.922892.937.6
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1541811.613688.337.9
0,9. Other occupations1355338.98260.430.4
 
Males
In total1 39520614.81 18685.036.6
1. Managers13064.412495.440.0
2. Professionals2903110.725989.237.5
3. Technicians and associate professionals2642610.023789.837.0
4. Clerical support workers621523.54776.133.3
5. Service and sales workers1737643.79755.829.9
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers38820.13079.243.9
7. Craft and related trades workers233146.121893.737.7
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1341410.112089.738.3
0,9. Other occupations701724.55275.034.0
 
Females
In total1 25246236.978662.731.8
1. Managers7956.97493.138.1
2. Professionals42410725.431574.434.6
3. Technicians and associate professionals1844725.713774.233.6
4. Clerical support workers923336.15963.631.5
5. Service and sales workers36422160.814038.426.8
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers12538.7760.333.1
7. Craft and related trades workers13321.71078.034.9
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers19421.91578.134.9
0,9. Other occupations653554.32944.826.6

About the statistics

The purpose of the Labour Force Survey is to provide information on the development in employment and unemployment, and on the relationship to the labour market for different groups. The statistics are published quarterly, normally 4 weeks after the end of the quarter.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Concepts and definitions are in accordance with recommendations given by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and EU/Eurostat.

According to the international recommendations persons above a specified age should be classified by their attachment to the labour market in a specified, short period, either a day or a week. In the Norwegian LFS the reference period is one week, and the sample of persons are classified in relation to their situation in that reference week.

Employed persons are persons aged 15-74 who performed work for pay or profit for at least one hour in the reference week, or who were temporarily absent from work because of illness, holidays etc. Conscripts are classified as employed persons. Persons engaged by government measures to promote employment are also included if they receive wages. Persons laid off 100 per cent with a continuous duration of until three months are defined as employed, temporarily absent.

Unemployed persons are persons who were not employed in the reference week, but who had been seeking work during the preceding four weeks, and were available for work in the reference week or within the next two weeks (in 1996-2005 one should be available within two weeks following the time of interview, and until 1996 one should be able to start working in the reference week). Persons laid off 100 per cent are defined as unemployed after three continuous months of leave.

Persons in the labour force are either employed or unemployed. The remaining group of persons is labelled not in the labour force .

Man-hours worked include all actual working hours, i.e. including overtime and excluding absence from work. Persons absent from work are not included in the calculation of actual working hours per week (in average) .

Contractual/usual working hours refer to the weekly number of working hours determined by the working contract. Absence from work because of illness, holidays etc. is not subtracted, and overtime is not included. Employees, whose contractual working hours vary from week to week, give information on both the actual reference week as well as the average of their contractual working hours per week (in the tables published the average numbers are normally used). For employees without contract on working hours, for self-employed and for unpaid family workers, data on their usual weekly working hours are used (as an average of their actual working hours during the last 4 weeks).

Full-time/part-time distinction is based on the contractual/usual working hours. Part-time: 1-36 hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 hours who classify themselves as full-time employed.

Full-time: 37 hours and over, and the cases mentioned above. For persons with more jobs, the working hours in the main and the second job are summarized.

Overtime

Overtime is defined as working hours which exceed the contractual working hours for full-time employees, conducted during a specified reference week. The overtime may be compensated by payment or by time off, or be without any compensation. Up to 2006 these questions were included in the survey only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter. 

A major revision of the LFS in 2006 led to a significant break in the time-series for overtime, i.e. lower estimates than published earlier. This was mostly due to changes in the questionnaire concerning working time.

Statistics on overtime include employees working full-time only. For persons with more jobs, the working hours in the main and the second job are summarized in order to classify them as either part- or full-time workers, as in LFS statistics generally.

For those with more jobs, overtime hours in the main job only are included. By calculating the overtime hours as a share of the total number of man-hours worked among full-time employees, the working hours in the second job are, however, included in the denominator. Persons temporarily absent from work are included in the denominator while calculating the share of employees working overtime, mainly to avoid seasonal variations.

Employees who just had an occasional job in the reference week, and on-call workers, are not asked about overtime, but they are included in the denominator if they were full-time employed in the reference week.

As from 2007 imputation is used concerning the overtime variables in case of proxy interviews and partial non-response.

Involuntary part-time employment comprises part-time employed persons seeking longer contractual/usual working hours by registering at the Employment Offices, advertising, contacting present employer etc., and who were able to start with increased working hours within a month.

Permanence of the job

The employees are asked whether they have a permanent job (a work contract of unlimited duration) or a temporary job (a work contract of limited duration). If the person has more than one job, only the main job is classified by permanence.

There are two kinds of working arrangements outside ordinary hours (Monday to Friday from 6 am to 6 pm).

  • Shift work is usually understood as working time outside normally working hours. What counts in the survey as shift work is based on the evaluation of the respondent. For respondents who have not answered the question on shift work, the value is imputed based on the answers they have given with regard to evening, night, Saturday and Sunday work.
  • Work outside ordinary hours, not shift work. This refers to work on evenings, nights, Saturdays and Sundays which is not shift work. Evening work is defined as work between 6 pm and 10 pm. Night work is between 10 pm and 6 am. Respondents who report that they work on one or more of these working time schedules outside ordinary hours are also asked about the frequency of this kind of work during a four week period. This is done for each of the working time schedule separately. Based on this, the work outside regularly hours is divided into the categories "regularly" or "sometimes". For evening and night work, the respondent must have this kind of work on at least half of their working days in the four week period to be defined as having regularly evening work and/or regularly night work. For work on weekends, they must work 2-4 Saturdays and/or 2-4 Sundays during the four week period to be defined as having regularly Saturday and/or Sunday work. The respondents who have these kinds of working schedules, but more seldom than indicated above, are defined as sometimes having this kind of work.

Working hour arrangements outside ordinary daytime are based on the contract for the employees, and on usual working time pattern for the self-employed. Up to 2006 these questions were included in the survey only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter, but only for ¼ of the sample, and the results are published once a year: Labour force survey. Patterns of working time.

Course participation refers to job related courses which the respondent was paid to attend. Only courses received during a period of four weeks are included. Up to 2006 these questions were asked only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter to the whole sample. Labour force survey. Education and training.

As from 2006 the definition of age was changed from completed years at the end of the year to completed years at the time of the reference week.

The persons are classified by marital status as unmarried, married and previously married according to information given by the respondents. Previously married includes widows, widowers, separated and divorced persons. In the tables married women include cohabitants.

Immigrants are defined as persons born abroad by foreign-born parents who have emigrated toNorway. In statistics based on the Labour Force Survey (LFS) they are divided in two groups by country of birth:

1) Immigrants from EU/EFTA-countries,North-America,AustraliaandNew Zealand. 

2) Immigrants from Eastern Europe except EU, Asia, Africa, Latin America and Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.

Standard classifications

The industrial classification is in accordance with the Standard Industrial Classification (NOS D 383), which is based on the EU-standard of NACE Rev. 2.

The occupational classification is based on the International Standard Classification of Occupations 2008 (ISCO-08). The Norwegian standard has been named STYRK-08 (Notater 17/2011). 

The educational classification is in accordance with the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NOS C617).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Labour force survey
Topic: Labour market and earnings

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Labour Market Statistics

Regional level

County and the whole country.

Frequency and timeliness

Quarterly and annual, but monthly publishing of some key figures seasonally adjusted (averages of the last 3 months). Quarterly figures are normally published 5 weeks after the end of the quarter.

International reporting

The quarterly data files are sent to Eurostat. Tables are sent each month/quarter/year to Eurostat, OECD, ILO and IMF, as well as to the Nordic Yearbook.

Microdata

The basic material (survey results from the interviewers) as well as the statistical files (on the basis of revision and estimation procedures) are stored.

Background

Background and purpose

The main purpose of the survey is to provide data on employment and unemployment, and data on the labour force participation in different sections of the population. The Norwegian LFS started in 1972. For information about the history of the survey, and about breaks in the time-series, please cf. Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

Users and applications

The surveys give information to the Labour Market Authorities and other users about the situation on the labour market, and provide data for labour force research and forecasts, as well as for international organizations and mass media.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar.

For more information, see Principles for equal treatment of users in releasing statistics and analyses

Coherence with other statistics

The results from the LFS are used in the National Accounts Statistics.

For statistics at regional levels (counties and municipalities), the Registerbased Employment Statistics are recommended. These statistics also give figures on employees who are immigrants.

Statistics Norway also produces statistics on selected industries based on data from the establishments, containing figures on employment, compensation of employees, value of production and capital formation etc. These statistics contain more detailed information about each industry than it is possible to give from the LFS and the National Accounts Statistics.

Statistics on unemployed persons at the Employment Offices and government measures to promote employment are compiled by the Directorate of Labour on the basis of registers of unemployed persons and applicants for work.

The figures on unemployment based on the LFS differ from the figures on unemployed persons registered at the Employment Offices. The LFS-figures also include unemployed persons not registered at the Employment Offices, some of the participants in government measures to promote employment and some of the disabled persons. On the other hand, some of the registered unemployed are not classified as unemployed in the LFS, on the basis of the information given on seeking and availability for work. As from 2006 persons on lay-off (until 3 months) are no longer classified as unemployed, but as employed persons (temporarily absent from work) in the LFS, while they still are classified as unemployed in the registerbased statistics. However, if the period of lay-off exceeds 3 months, they are classified as unemployed in the LFS as well.

The Population and Housing Censuses (each 10th year) give statistics on employment during the last 12 months, in addition to the situation in a specified reference week. As from 2001 onwards employment data based on administrative registers are used. Statistics on labour conflicts and working days lost are compiled by Statistics Norway on the basis of information supplied mostly by the labour and employers's organizations. The Surveys of Level of Living (by Statistics Norway) give information on physical working environment as well as organizational working conditions.

The main source to describe the situation for the immigrants on the labour market is the registerbased statistics on employment and unemployment. By using data from the LFS as a supplement we will achieve still more information regarding this group, for example on actual and desired working hours, temporary employment and patterns of working time. Moreover the LFS has more data than the registers on job seeking and desire for work.

The main problem using the LFS for statistics on immigrants is the size of the sample and the statistical uncertainty. The group of immigrants inNorwayis rather heterogeneous regarding their situation on the labour market, and therefore it is required to divide among at least two groups in the presentation of statistics. A further dividing by other variables will require long time-series in order to draw any conclusions.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-2 and 2-3.

EEA reference

Council Regulation (EC) nos 577/98, 1991/2002 and 2257/2003, and Commission Regulation nos 1575/2000, 1897/2000, 2104/2002, 430/2005 and 377/2008.

Production

Population

The total population aged 15-74 is covered by the LFS. Up to 2006 the group was 16-74, and age defined as completed years at the end of the year. As from 2006 age is defined as completed years at the time of the reference week. Observation unit: person.

Data sources and sampling

The main source for the LFS is quarterly, representative sample surveys based on interview by telephone.

Inhabitants in all municipalities are randomly selected, on the basis of a register of family units. The sample consists of about 12 000 family units (24 000 persons) each quarter. Each family member aged 15-74 participates in the survey, answering questions about their situation during a specified reference week. As from 1996 each family participates in the survey 8 times during a period of 8 quarters (before 1996: 4 times during 6 quarters). Up to 1996 a two stage sampling procedure was applied. For more information, please cf. Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Interview by telephone. Information from previous interviews are used while asking about any changes in the situation, instead of the same, comprehensive data collection every time. For the coding of industry, information from some registers is also used. Demographic data are collected from the Central Population Register, and data on education are based on a register of individual data collected by Statistics Norway from the educational institutions (but questions are also asked to get more updated information).

The respondent is usually the same person as the observation unit (but proxy interviews are done if it is not possible to get in contact with the observation unit; 14-15 per cent of the interviews are done by asking near family members). Data are collected weekly, i.e. the LFS is a continuous survey (all weeks are covered). Up to 1st quarter 1996 (from 2nd quarter 1988) the survey was based on one reference week each month, and in previous years on one week each quarter. Participation in the survey is compulsory, but compulsory fines are not used.

As the data collection is made by use of computer-assisted interviews, some procedures for electronic control of the registration of answers are included in the questionnaire, for example concerning the number of working hours during the reference week. In some cases the interviewers become a "warning" by recording an answer, in other cases maximum or minimum values have been set beforehand.

Person is the unit for analysis.

The absolute figures from the LFS are presented as estimated figures for the total population aged 15-74. The accurate number of persons in the population being represented by one person in the sample, the inflation factor, varies, with 170 on an average for quarterly figures. The estimation is done by a poststratification method using information from the Central Population Register, the Register of Employees and the Tax Register. Seasonally adjusted data are calculated by using the X12ARIMA method. For more information see Seasonal adjustment of LFS.

Seasonal adjustment

Quarterly figures from LFS are not seasonally adjusted

Confidentiality

Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

Most of the time-series from the LFS are comparable over time. Breaks in the series up to 2001 are described in the publication Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

The concepts in LFS are defined in accordance with international recommendations, cf item 4.1, to ensure comparability among the countries.

As from 2006 the LFS was revised, mainly to be in accordance with the EU-requirements based on new ILO recommendations. Some definitions and parts of the questionnaire were changed, and some new variables were added. As from 2006 age is defined as completed years at the time of the reference week, instead of completed years at the end of the year, as earlier. Moreover the lower age limit to be covered by the survey was lowered from 16 to 15, in accordance with the surveys in other countries.

These changes from 2006 led to breaks in the time-series for the LFS estimates. The revised survey gives some lower estimates for unemployment (1 000 persons as an annual average for 2006) and some higher estimates for employment (8 000 in 2006). A break in the time series also occured for the estimates of actual working hours per week and man-hours worked. For more information, please cf. http://www.ssb.no/aku_en/. Quarterly data for 2006 are published according to both the revised and the unrevised LFS, in order to improve the comparability for the figures between 2006 and 2005. The breaks in the time-series were most significant for figures divided by age groups.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

In all surveys errors may occur in connection with both the collection and the processing of data. The use of proxy interviews (asking near family members instead of the observation unit) often increase the problems of measurement. As an average the employment is underestimated because of proxy interviews.

The non-response rate was approximately 10-12 per cent in the years 1972-1991, and for the next six years just 6-8 per cent. From 1998 onwards the non-response has increased gradually, up to approximately 20 per cent in 2012.

 Correction for total non-response is done in the estimating procedure. Partial non-response is adjusted for some variables.

Variance

The estimates from the LFS are based on a sample of family units. Somewhat different results might have been obtained if a different sample or if a complete census had been taken using the same questionnaires, interviewers, processing, etc. as those actually used in the LFS. The uncertainty introduced by sampling is called the sampling error or standard deviation of the estimates.

Standard deviation of the estimates and coefficient of variations are published in StatBank Norway for the variables employed, part-time employed, average actual hours of work per week and unemployed by age, gender and region, both for level and change estimates. The quarterly figures of s are published in the StatBank table 09937 and the annual figures in StatBank table 09938 .

If the reader wants an indication of the size of the standard deviation for quarterly figures and annual averages for other variables or group divisions, see the table below. These indications are only guiding, and can not be interpreted as precise calculations for any variable. Changes between two surveys will usually have the same absolute uncertainty as the two figures which are compared.

 

Indication of the standard deviation for other variables than in StatBank table 09937 and 09938

 
 

Quarterly figures

 

Annual averages

 

Absolute figures

As per cent of estimated value

Absolute figures

As per cent of estimated value

 
           

5 000

800

16,0

500

10,0

 

7 000

900

12,9

600

8,6

 

10 000

1 100

11,0

700

7,0

 

20 000

1 600

8,0

1 100

5,5

 

30 000

1 900

6,3

1 300

4,3

 

40 000

2 200

5,5

1 500

3,8

 

50 000

2 500

5,0

1 700

3,4

 

60 000

2 700

4,5

1 800

3,0

 

70 000

2 900

4,1

1 900

2,7

 

100 000

3 500

3,5

2 300

2,3

 

200 000

4 800

2,4

3 200

1,6

 

300 000

5 800

1,9

3 900

1,3

 

400 000

6 600

1,7

4 400

1,1

 

500 000

7 200

1,4

4 800

1,0

 

1 000 000

9 100

0,9

6 100

0,6

 

1 700 000

9 600

0,6

6 400

0,4

 

2 000 000

9 100

0,5

6 100

0,3

 

Revision

Not relevant

Contact

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