287391
/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/aku/kvartal
287391
statistikk
2017-04-27T08:00:00.000Z
Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants;Labour market and earnings
en
aku, Labour force survey, LFS, labour market, employees, unemployed, economically active, labour force, labour force status, employees by industry, underemployment, part-time work, hours of work, temporary staffEmployment , Labour market and earnings, Unemployment , Immigration and immigrants, Labour market and earnings
true

Labour force survey

Updated

Next update

Key figures

69.6 %

of the population are part of the labour force Q1 2017

Population aged 15-74, by labour force status and sex
1st quarter 20171st quarter 2016 - 1st quarter 2017
Absolute numbersPer centChange in absolute numbersChange in percentage points
Labour force
Both sexes2 753 00069.6-25 000-1.2
Males1 461 00072.4-13 000-1.2
Females1 291 00066.7-13 000-1.2
 
Employed persons
Both sexes2 628 00066.5-14 000-0.9
Males1 387 00068.7-3 000-0.7
Females1 242 00064.1-10 000-1.1
 
Unemployed
Both sexes124 0004.5-11 000-0.4
Males75 0005.1-9 000-0.6
Females50 0003.9-2 000-0.1

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. 1000

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. 1000
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
Persons, total
Both sexes3 8963 9343 9133 9213 9293 9393 9483 955
Males1 9892 0081 9982 0022 0062 0112 0152 019
Females1 9071 9261 9151 9201 9231 9281 9331 936
 
The labour force
Both sexes2 7722 7792 7652 7782 7812 8042 7562 753
Males1 4701 4751 4641 4741 4831 4841 4591 461
Females1 3021 3041 3011 3041 2981 3191 2961 291
 
Employed persons
Both sexes2 6512 6472 6472 6422 6472 6662 6352 628
Males1 4021 3951 4001 3901 3961 4071 3871 387
Females1 2491 2521 2461 2521 2511 2581 2491 242
 
Unemployed
Both sexes121132118135134138120124
Males6880648487777375
Females5352555247614850
 
Persons outside of the labour force
Both sexes1 1241 1551 1481 1441 1481 1351 1931 202
Males519533534528523527556557
Females605622614616625609636645

Table 2 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. Changes from the same period in the previous year. 1000

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. Changes from the same period in the previous year. 1000
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
Persons, total
Total4638424139393534
Males2519232220201717
Females2119202019191816
 
Labour force, total
In total3872032-411-9-25
Males245151564-5-13
Females152516-96-5-13
 
Employed persons
In total14-4-314-160-12-14
Males10-79-3-100-13-3
Females43-1217-503-10
 
Unemployed
In total2511231712112-11
Males14126181649-9
Females11-117-1-46-7-2
 
Persons outside of the labour force
Total831221043284558
Males1148615162229
Females71714428132229

Table 3 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status(LFS) and sex. Per cent

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status(LFS) and sex. Per cent
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
Labour force in per cent of the population
Both sexes71.270.670.770.870.871.269.869.6
Males73.973.473.373.673.973.872.472.4
Females68.367.767.967.967.568.467.166.7
 
Employed persons in per cent of the population
Both sexes68.067.367.667.467.467.766.766.5
Males70.569.570.169.469.670.068.868.7
Females65.565.065.165.265.065.364.664.1
 
Unemployed persons in per cent of the labour force
Both sexes4.44.74.34.94.84.94.44.5
Males4.65.44.35.75.85.25.05.1
Females4.14.04.24.03.64.63.73.9
 
Outside the labour force in per cent of the population
Both sexes28.829.429.329.229.228.830.230.4
Males26.126.626.726.426.126.227.627.6
Females31.732.332.132.132.531.632.933.3

Table 4 
Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
Labour force
15-74 years
Both sexes2 7722 7792 7652 7782 7812 8042 7562 753
Males1 4701 4751 4641 4741 4831 4841 4591 461
Females1 3021 3041 3011 3041 2981 3191 2961 291
 
15-24 years
Both sexes380369364368372380355350
Males195190188190193194183183
Females185179176178179187172167
 
25-66 years
Both sexes2 3422 3612 3492 3612 3582 3732 3532 353
Males1 2421 2531 2431 2531 2581 2581 2451 245
Females1 1001 1081 1061 1081 1001 1151 1081 108
 
Employed
15-74 years
Both sexes2 6512 6472 6472 6422 6472 6662 6352 628
Males1 4021 3951 4001 3901 3961 4071 3871 387
Females1 2491 2521 2461 2521 2511 2581 2491 242
 
15-24 years
Both sexes342328332326326340321313
Males173166171165164172163162
Females169162161161162168158152
 
25-66 years
Both sexes2 2592 2702 2632 2682 2702 2762 2662 266
Males1 1961 1981 1961 1951 2001 2031 1931 193
Females1 0641 0731 0671 0731 0701 0731 0741 073

Table 5 
Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). In per cent of the population

Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). In per cent of the population
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
Persons in the labour force
15-74 years
Both sexes71.270.670.770.870.871.269.869.6
Males73.973.473.373.673.973.872.472.4
Females68.367.767.967.967.568.467.166.7
 
15-24 years
Both sexes56.755.354.455.155.857.153.152.4
Males56.355.154.554.856.256.352.953.0
Females57.255.554.355.455.457.853.351.9
 
25-66 years
Both sexes82.182.081.982.282.082.381.581.4
Males85.185.184.885.485.485.284.384.2
Females78.978.878.978.978.579.378.678.5
 
Employed persons
15-74 years
Both sexes68.067.367.667.467.467.766.766.5
Males70.569.570.169.469.670.068.868.7
Females65.565.065.165.265.065.364.664.1
 
15-24 years
Both sexes51.149.249.648.848.851.048.146.9
Males50.048.149.647.547.750.147.146.7
Females52.250.349.650.250.052.049.147.2
 
25-66 years
Both sexes79.278.978.979.079.079.078.578.4
Males81.981.381.681.481.581.580.780.7
Females76.376.376.176.576.476.376.276.0

Table 6 
Persons aged 15-74, employed by contractual/usual working hours per week and unemployed, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons aged 15-74, employed by contractual/usual working hours per week and unemployed, by age and sex (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
1Short part-time=1-19 working hours. Long part-time=20-36 working hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 hours who classify themselves as full-time employed. Full-time = 37 or more hours, including the exceptions mentioned above.
15-74 years
Both sexes
Total3 8963 9343 9133 9213 9293 9393 9483 955
Employed persons2 6512 6472 6472 6422 6472 6662 6352 628
Short part-time338328347350341303318328
Long part-time335339336333342345338338
Full time1 9701 9711 9561 9501 9582 0071 9701 954
Not reported working hours8989610108
Unemployed persons121132118135134138120124
 
15-19 years
Both sexes
Total326324326325325323324323
Employed persons113109111108105116106103
Short part-time7064737268586064
Long part-time111412101120149
Full time3030262525373229
Not reported working hours11120111
Unemployed persons1820152225191618
 
20-24 years
Both sexes
Total344343343343343343344344
Employed persons229220220218221224216211
Short part-time7071757775607375
Long part-time3837343238433435
Full time11910910910610711710698
Not reported working hours23321432
Unemployed persons2020172022211818
 
25-54 years
Males
Total1 0981 1071 1021 1021 1081 1081 1101 109
Employed persons936935937931936939932933
Short part-time3535373837323235
Long part-time4344424444454351
Full time857854856848853861855847
Not reported working hours22222121
Unemployed persons4249415051494544
 
Females
Total1 0391 0481 0451 0481 0451 0491 0501 054
Employed persons839846842848846846846845
Short part-time8282848583778281
Long part-time160162163163165156161165
Full time594601594597597611599596
Not reported working hours22221233
Unemployed persons3432363227393132
 
55-66 years
Males
Total361367364366365368368369
Employed persons259263260264264263260259
Short part-time1820192120211918
Long part-time1817171617161716
Full time222225223226226226224225
Not reported working hours00000100
Unemployed persons57686678
 
Females
Total355357356355357357359358
Employed persons225226224225224226228228
Short part-time4139393740393738
Long part-time5354565753535450
Full time131133130131130133135139
Not reported working hours01001111
Unemployed persons33323332
 
67-74 years
Both sexes
Total373388377382387390394397
Employed persons5049524851504749
Short part-time2017212019161417
Long part-time1213131213121412
Full time1819181619221920
Not reported working hours00010000
Unemployed persons00000000

Table 7 
Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
Total2 7722 7792 7652 7782 7812 8042 7562 753
15-19 years130129126130130135122121
20-24 years249240238238243245233229
25-29 years295306295305303311306303
30-39 years611611609611610612610610
40-54 years945946952946948952938942
55-66 years492499494500497499499498
67-74 years5049524951504850
 
Males
Total1 4701 4751 4641 4741 4831 4841 4591 461
15-19 years6364636365666260
20-24 years131126124127129128122123
25-29 years156160158161160161157158
30-39 years323326319323328326326323
40-54 years498498500497500501494496
55-66 years264270266272270269268268
67-74 years3331333132323133
 
Females
Total1 3021 3041 3011 3041 2981 3191 2961 291
15-19 years6765636665696161
20-24 years118114113112114117111106
25-29 years138146137144143149149145
30-39 years287285290288282286284287
40-54 years447448451449448451444446
55-66 years228229228228227229231230
67-74 years1718191819181617

Table 8 
Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). As per cent of all in each group

Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). As per cent of all in each group
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
15-74 years71.270.670.770.870.871.269.869.6
15-19 years40.039.838.739.839.941.837.737.4
20-24 years72.669.969.269.570.971.467.766.6
25-29 years82.383.781.383.683.384.783.382.3
30-39 years88.387.687.887.987.587.787.286.9
40-54 years86.986.687.386.786.887.185.886.2
55-66 years68.768.968.569.268.868.868.768.5
67-74 years13.412.713.812.813.112.812.112.5
 
Males
15-74 years73.973.473.373.673.973.872.472.4
15-19 years37.538.137.537.538.639.437.035.7
20-24 years74.371.170.771.273.072.367.869.2
25-29 years85.885.685.286.986.586.183.183.9
30-39 years90.890.689.590.690.690.690.889.7
40-54 years89.188.889.388.989.089.388.088.5
55-66 years73.073.673.174.274.073.372.872.5
67-74 years18.216.617.616.316.817.016.217.0
 
Females
15-74 years68.367.767.967.967.568.467.166.7
15-19 years42.741.640.142.441.344.338.439.1
20-24 years70.868.667.767.668.670.567.663.8
25-29 years78.681.877.280.380.183.383.580.7
30-39 years85.784.386.185.184.184.583.483.9
40-54 years84.684.385.184.584.584.883.583.8
55-66 years64.364.163.964.163.664.364.564.3
67-74 years8.99.010.09.39.58.98.18.2

Table 9 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and contractual/usual working hours per week (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and contractual/usual working hours per week (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
1Part-time = 1-36 hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 working hours who classify themselves as full-time employed. Full-time = 37 hours and over and the cases mentioned above.
Both sexes
Total2 6512 6472 6472 6422 6472 6662 6352 628
Part-time, total672668683684683649656666
Short part-time. 1-9 hours139134142152141116126129
Short part-time. 10-19 hours199194205198200187192199
Long part-time. 20-29 hours174176174177176172180178
Long part-time. 30-36 hours161163162157166173158160
Full time, total1 9701 9711 9561 9501 9582 0071 9701 954
Full time. 32-36 hours172177173178183173173167
Full-time. 37-44 hours1 5991 5961 5891 5811 5791 6281 5951 598
Full-time. 45 hours and more194194189185192201196184
Average contractual/usual working hours34.234.334.134.034.234.734.434.3
 
Males
Total1 4021 3951 4001 3901 3961 4071 3871 387
Part-time, total207206214212211204198209
Short part-time. 1-9 hours5351585852444850
Short part-time. 10-19 hours6767707069656267
Long part-time. 20-29 hours4848474649495052
Long part-time. 30-36 hours3940393740463841
Full time, total1 1911 1861 1821 1741 1831 2001 1851 175
Full time. 32-36 hours8483838987777880
Full-time. 37-44 hours955950954939946962954947
Full-time. 45 hours and more148149143143146157148145
Average contractual/usual working hours36.536.636.336.336.536.936.736.5
 
Females
Total1 2491 2521 2461 2521 2511 2581 2491 242
Part-time, total465462468472473445458456
Short part-time. 1-9 hours8583839489727880
Short part-time. 10-19 hours132127135128131122129132
Long part-time. 20-29 hours126128127131127123130126
Long part-time. 30-36 hours122123124119125128120119
Full time, total779786773775776807784779
Full time. 32-36 hours8894909096969587
Full-time. 37-44 hours644645635642633666641651
Full-time. 45 hours and more4645464247434739
Average contractual/usual working hours31.731.831.631.531.632.231.931.7

Table 10 
Population aged 15-74, by main activity, part-time employment and age (LFS). 1 000

Population aged 15-74, by main activity, part-time employment and age (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
1
2The term employed here includes full-time employed persons, as well as part-time workers who consider the employment as their main activity.
15-74 years
Persons
Total3 8963 9343 9133 9213 9293 9393 9483 955
Part-time employees672668683684683649656666
Employed2
Total2 3922 3982 3862 3792 3912 4252 3952 389
Part-time employees422427431430433418426435
Attended school, studied
Total504502519511509475514525
Part-time employees160152158156160142151156
Homeworking
Total4745454655443736
Part-time employees67778743
Early retired/disabled
Total385387381384391383388382
Part-time employees2424202522282320
Retired
Total336360341352351362374377
Part-time employees1816181715171514
Other activities/Unspecified
Total232242240248231251240246
Part-time employees4342484944373738
 
15-19 years
Persons
Total326324326325325323324323
Part-time employees8278848179787473
Employed2
Total3838373532454138
Part-time employees99111078109
Attended school, studied
Total270266268270272256266269
Part-time employees6661636264625857
Other activities/Unspecified
Total1719201921221616
Part-time employees781198866
 
20-24 years
Persons
Total344343343343343343344344
Part-time employees108108108109113103107110
Employed2
Total152144140138142154140135
Part-time employees3434313135373537
Attended school, studied
Total144149159152151138157161
Part-time employees6463676367576465
Homeworking
Total32222212
Part-time employees00000000
Other activities/Unspecified
Total4549425247504645
Part-time employees1010111410887
 
25-54 years
Persons
Total2 1372 1552 1472 1502 1532 1572 1602 163
Part-time employees320322326330329311319332
Employed2
Total1 7091 7181 7121 7111 7171 7291 7161 713
Part-time employees258263263266267257262270
Attended school, studied
Total8885908784798992
Part-time employees2927283028222933
Homeworking
Total3231293237302525
Part-time employees44456522
Early retired/disabled
Total153162155161166154167166
Part-time employees10101011101199
Other activities/Unspecified
Total155158161158148166162169
Part-time employees2017211818151719
 
55-66 years
Persons
Total716724720722722724726727
Part-time employees130130130131131129127121
Employed2
Total463465464466466464465467
Part-time employees110107111108110105105102
Homeworking
Total11111411141199
Part-time employees22322221
Early retired/disabled
Total204195202196197197190186
Part-time employees1314111511161311
Retired
Total1525162119253535
Part-time employees12112223
Other activities/Unspecified
Total2427242726282830
Part-time employees45456445
 
67-74 years
Persons
Total373388377382387390394397
Part-time employees3230343231282929
Employed2
Total3132333034333336
Part-time employees1314151415121416
Homeworking
Total01111110
Part-time employees00000000
Retired
Total321334325331331336339341
Part-time employees1614171514141211
Other activities/Unspecified
Total2121192020212119
Part-time employees32223222

Table 11 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by major industry division (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by major industry division (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
1
Total2 6512 6472 6472 6422 6472 6662 6352 628
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing5355555155605554
05-09 Mining and quarrying6857656459535251
10-33 Manufacturing226217225216221220212212
35-39 Power and water supply, sew./remed.act.2830282928303335
41-43 Construction206206205205202209209210
45-47 Domestic trade, car repair shops358360350361353366359363
49-53 Transportation and storage144139146140140142133125
55-56 Accomm. and food service act.7772777372746874
58-63 Information and communication9997103100949699100
64-66 Financial and insurance act.5347524747464647
68-75 Real estate, profess., scient. and tech.act.183182188184183181180180
77-82 Adm. and support service act.118117116111120123112112
84 Public administration and defence173182172175177185189189
85 Education227227223226231220230225
86-88 Human health and social work act.521538525538539536541535
90-99 Other service act.112114112114117116108110
Unspecified68677999

Table 12 
Average number of man-weeks worked (37.5 hours), by industry division (LFS). 1 000

Average number of man-weeks worked (37.5 hours), by industry division (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
1The time series is not adjusted for alternating holidays.
00-99 Total2 0042 0182 0302 0642 1001 7992 1102 173
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing5758555261615754
05-09 Mining and quarrying5747535450384445
10-33 Manufacturing183182190185195163186191
35-39 Electricity, water supply, sewerage, waste management2325252525232930
41-43 Construction171171172165179156182191
45 Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles4042424544354649
46 Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles9189889393809196
47 Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles123127124124126123135131
49-53 Transportation and storage121117124119118112118111
55-56 Acommodation and food service activities5250555151494652
58-63 Information and communication8382878781708893
64-66 Financial and insurance activities4339424241314241
68-75 Real estate, professional, scientific and technical activities148149153159161121154169
77-82 Administrative and support service activities8788868495868587
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security140151140153153130168170
85 Education158155160161168119175178
86-88 Human health and social work activities345362350377367322383393
90-99 Other service activities7678808184717484

Table 13 
Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). Per cent

Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). Per cent
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work83.383.885.486.988.672.287.689.6
Temporarily absent, total16.716.214.613.111.427.812.410.4
Illness3.43.33.54.03.12.73.43.7
Holiday8.28.15.53.83.620.64.42.4
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1.71.52.01.81.41.41.41.2
Laid off0.10.10.20.20.20.00.10.1
Other reason/ unspecified3.33.13.33.33.23.03.13.1
 
Males
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work85.085.886.788.590.874.789.291.1
Temporarily absent, total15.014.213.311.59.225.310.88.9
Illness2.92.63.13.52.22.22.73.0
Holiday7.98.05.63.93.319.74.92.3
Taking time off/ working time arrangement2.01.62.21.91.61.51.51.5
Laid off0.20.20.40.30.20.10.20.1
Other reason/ unspecified2.01.82.01.91.71.81.61.9
 
Females
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work81.481.683.985.286.069.585.887.9
Temporarily absent, total18.618.416.114.814.030.514.212.1
Illness4.04.04.04.64.03.34.34.4
Holiday8.58.35.43.73.921.73.92.5
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1.41.31.81.71.21.21.30.8
Laid off0.00.10.00.00.10.00.10.0
Other reason/ unspecified4.74.74.84.84.84.44.74.4

Table 14 
Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
In total2 6512 6472 6472 6422 6472 6662 6352 628
At work2 2082 2182 2612 2962 3441 9262 3072 354
Temporarily absent, total443429386346303740328274
Illness91879310682729096
Holiday2172151451009554911763
Taking time off/ working time arrangement4540544838363631
Laid off34654142
Other reason/ unspecified8783888884808181
 
Males
In total1 4021 3951 4001 3901 3961 4071 3871 387
At work1 1911 1961 2141 2301 2681 0521 2371 264
Temporarily absent, total211199186160128355150123
Illness4037434831313742
Holiday1111117854462776832
Taking time off/ working time arrangement2823312623222021
Laid off33653132
Other reason/ unspecified2825282724262227
 
Females
In total1 2491 2521 2461 2521 2511 2581 2491 242
At work1 0171 0221 0461 0661 0768741 0721 092
Temporarily absent, total232230200186175384177150
Illness5151505750425354
Holiday1061046746492734931
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1717232115151610
Laid off01011110
Other reason/ unspecified5858606160555855

Table 15 
Employed persons aged 15-74, and average number of man-weeks worked (a 37.5 hours) per week, by sex and status. 1 000. Actual working hours, by sex and status. Hours per week

Employed persons aged 15-74, and average number of man-weeks worked (a 37.5 hours) per week, by sex and status. 1 000. Actual working hours, by sex and status. Hours per week
Annual Average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
Employed persons total
Both sexes
Total2 6512 6472 6472 6422 6472 6662 6352 628
Salaried employees2 4652 4642 4572 4532 4642 4802 4582 453
Self-employed181179184184179179173173
Family workers55553742
Males
Total1 4021 3951 4001 3901 3961 4071 3871 387
Salaried employees1 2731 2681 2681 2601 2681 2781 2661 268
Self-employed125124128127127125119117
Family workers32421411
Females
Total1 2491 2521 2461 2521 2511 2581 2491 242
Salaried employees1 1911 1961 1891 1931 1961 2011 1921 185
Self-employed5554565753545455
Family workers22132321
 
Employed persons at work
Both sexes
Total2 2082 2182 2612 2962 3441 9262 3082 355
Salaried employees2 0472 0572 0922 1282 1751 7762 1482 194
Self-employed156158164164166144156158
Family workers54443642
Males
Total1 1911 1961 2151 2301 2681 0521 2361 263
Salaried employees1 0791 0841 0971 1131 1509461 1281 155
Self-employed110110115115117103107107
Family workers22321311
Females
Total1 0171 0221 0461 0661 0768741 0711 092
Salaried employees9689739961 0151 0258301 0201 040
Self-employed4747494949414951
Family workers22122321
 
Man-weeks worked
Both sexes
Total2 0032 0172 0302 0642 0991 7982 1092 172
Salaried employees1 8391 8541 8611 8981 9271 6431 9482 009
Self-employed161162168164171152159162
Family workers22111221
Males
Total1 1671 1741 1791 1911 2271 0541 2231 253
Salaried employees1 0451 0521 0541 0691 0989361 1061 136
Self-employed120121124122129117117117
Family workers11110110
Females
Total836843851872872743885919
Salaried employees794802807829829707841873
Self-employed4141444242354345
Family workers11011110
 
Actual working hours per week
Both sexes
Total34.034.133.733.733.635.034.334.6
Salaried employees33.733.833.433.533.234.734.034.3
Self-employed38.638.538.437.538.739.538.438.6
Family workers16.915.710.714.317.415.516.49.8
Males
Total36.836.836.436.336.337.637.137.2
Salaried employees36.436.436.136.035.837.236.836.9
Self-employed41.041.140.639.741.442.641.041.0
Family workers18.515.811.613.17.717.823.17.6
Females
Total30.831.030.530.730.431.931.031.6
Salaried employees30.830.930.430.630.332.031.031.5
Self-employed32.932.333.432.232.332.032.833.3
Family workers15.215.68.215.923.412.713.112.0

Table 16 
Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). 1000

Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). 1000
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
Total196214200205218232201189
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing33223421
05-39 Mining etc., manufacture, power and water supply121113911131113
41-43 Construction910109101199
45-47 Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles2224232420312118
49-53 Transportation and storage86856655
55-56 Accommodation and food service activities91099101298
58-63 Information and communication44453444
64-66 Financial and insurance activities11111011
68-82 Real estate, scientific, technical, administrative and support service activities2122242024222019
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security1114121213151514
85 Education2530232931263430
86-88 Human health and social work activities5765586567696055
90-99 Other service activities111310121516810

Table 17 
Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). In per cent of all employees

Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). In per cent of all employees
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
Total7.98.78.18.38.89.48.27.7
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing13.210.69.78.911.613.97.42.8
05-39 Mining etc., manufacture, power and water supply3.83.84.03.13.74.43.84.5
41-43 Construction4.95.45.55.35.66.04.74.8
45-47 Domestic trade, car repair shop6.67.06.97.16.08.76.05.3
49-53 Transportation and storage6.14.55.64.24.74.94.14.3
55-56 Accomommodation and food service activities12.014.612.913.714.217.013.411.3
58-63 Information and communication4.54.34.44.93.54.34.54.1
64-66 Financial and insurance activities2.41.92.42.02.71.01.82.4
68-82 Real estate, scientific, technical, administrative and support service activities8.08.18.97.79.08.17.67.2
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security6.47.57.06.87.28.17.97.4
85 Education11.213.710.813.313.912.215.213.9
86-88 Human health and social work activities11.412.611.512.512.913.411.510.7
90-99 Other service activities12.714.211.712.916.517.010.111.6

Table 18 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and age (LFS). 1 000 and per cent

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and age (LFS). 1 000 and per cent
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
Unemployed
Both sexes
In total121132118135134138120124
15-24 years3841324247413437
25-54 years7581778378897676
55-74 years8101011991011
Males
In total6880648487777375
15-24 years2224172529222022
25-54 years4249415051494544
55-74 years57686679
Females
In total5352555247614850
15-24 years1617151717191415
25-54 years3432363227393132
55-74 years33333332
 
Unemployed as per cent of the labour force
Both sexes
In total4.44.74.34.94.84.94.44.5
15-24 years10.011.08.811.412.510.69.510.5
25-54 years4.14.44.14.44.24.74.14.1
55-74 years1.51.81.72.01.71.71.92.1
Males
In total4.65.44.35.75.85.25.05.1
15-24 years11.112.68.913.315.111.111.011.8
25-54 years4.35.04.25.15.25.04.64.5
55-74 years1.62.32.12.72.12.12.53.0
Females
In total4.14.04.24.03.64.63.73.9
15-24 years8.89.38.69.49.810.17.99.0
25-54 years3.83.74.13.73.14.43.63.7
55-74 years1.41.11.31.11.11.21.21.0

Table 19 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by duration of job search (LFS). 1 000 and per cent

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by duration of job search (LFS). 1 000 and per cent
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
Total121132118135134138120124
1-4 weeks2526212527312028
5-13 weeks2827293025292523
14-26 weeks2222212524192019
27-39 weeks575941065
40-52 weeks1724182326262018
53 weeks and over1315151516131619
 
Total100100100100100100100100
1-4 weeks2120181920221723
5-13 weeks2320252219212119
14-26 weeks1817181918141715
27-39 weeks45473754
40-52 weeks1418151719191715
53 weeks and over111113111291315
 
Average duration (weeks)27.930.330.529.232.228.431.831.8

Table 20 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by main activity (LFS). 1 000

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by main activity (LFS). 1 000
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
Total121132118135134138120124
Home working22233221
Attended school, studied2730233335292528
Unemployed8288869088928484
Other activities/Unspecified1011810915811

Table 21 
Unemployed and underemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and desired working hours per week. Number of man-weeks (of 37,5 hours) supplied (LFS). 1 000

Unemployed and underemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and desired working hours per week. Number of man-weeks (of 37,5 hours) supplied (LFS). 1 000
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
Unemployed persons
Total121132118135134138120124
1-19 hours2021202221202024
20-36 hours2429232632362220
37 hours or more7782758781837881
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3232333232323232
Number of man-weeks desired105113103116115118104106
Underemployed persons
Total7174707969737366
1-19 hours75776324
20-36 hours2727242926252923
37 hours or more3742394337454238
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3334333334353434
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks2628262926272824
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total131141129145141145132130
 
Males
Unemployed persons
Total6880648487777375
1-19 hours710781571211
20-36 hours1014716122189
37 hours or more5156506060505354
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3433353433333333
Number of man-weeks desired6271597577696466
Underemployed persons
Total2125233123242122
1-19 hours21222112
20-36 hours67497576
37 hours or more1317162015181415
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3435353434363434
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks9111013111089
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total7182698888797275
 
Women
Unemployed persons
Total5352555247614850
1-19 hours13101315613812
20-36 hours1515161120151411
37 hours or more2527262722332526
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3030302930303130
Number of man-weeks desired4342444038504040
Underemployed persons
Total5049474946495244
1-19 hours53554313
20-36 hours2121202020202217
37 hours or more2425232323272824
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3333323233343434
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks1617161716171915
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total5959605754675955

Table 22 
Employed persons 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS). 1000

Employed persons 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS). 1000
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
Total2 6512 6472 6472 6422 6472 6662 6352 628
Østfold137134137135134133134132
Akershus305312306311309314313309
Oslo365367369371367364367369
Hedmark9593929191949595
Oppland9395939695959493
Buskerud138138138137140140137138
Vestfold119119119116119121118120
Telemark8281828082828180
Aust-Agder5454535554555252
Vest-Agder8787888687888788
Rogaland246243246246245243236234
Hordaland268266267265266269264259
Sogn og Fjordane5757585757575757
Møre og Romsdal134132133132132132133132
Sør-Trøndelag164164161163163164164164
Nord-Trøndelag6768666666706869
Nordland117117116115119121113115
Troms - Romsa8786858686878685
Finnmark - Finnmárku3737373736373736
 
Males
Total1 4021 3951 4001 3901 3961 4071 3871 387
Østfold7371747070717172
Akershus158163158160162164164163
Oslo190191192194190189190189
Hedmark5148514847485051
Oppland4949505149494748
Buskerud7372737275737071
Vestfold6362636162636364
Telemark4444444345454343
Aust-Agder3029293029302827
Vest-Agder4545444444454746
Rogaland130132131133135132128125
Hordaland143139141140138142137137
Sogn og Fjordane3131323031313230
Møre og Romsdal7271717071717271
Sør-Trøndelag8686868586888788
Nord-Trøndelag3637353737393637
Nordland6260615860625960
Troms - Romsa4646464646464546
Finnmark - Finnmárku2019191918191919
 
Females
Total1 2491 2521 2461 2521 2511 2581 2491 242
Østfold6463636564626260
Akershus146149148151147150149146
Oslo175176177177176175177179
Hedmark4344414344464544
Oppland4546444546464745
Buskerud6566656465676867
Vestfold5656565657575556
Telemark3937383737373836
Aust-Agder2525242525252425
Vest-Agder4242444243434142
Rogaland115111115113110112109109
Hordaland125126125124127127127122
Sogn og Fjordane2626272627252526
Møre og Romsdal6261626261616161
Sør-Trøndelag7777757977767776
Nord-Trøndelag3130302929313232
Nordland5557545659595556
Troms - Romsa4041394040424140
Finnmark - Finnmárku1818181818181718

Table 23 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS), as per cent of all persons in each group

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS), as per cent of all persons in each group
Annual average4th quarter 20151st quarter 20162nd quarter 20163rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 2017
20152016
Both sexes
Total68.067.367.667.467.467.766.766.5
Østfold63.161.263.062.061.560.560.759.9
Akershus69.870.269.770.569.870.670.168.9
Oslo71.871.072.172.171.270.370.670.9
Hedmark64.763.162.761.862.264.064.564.5
Oppland65.966.865.867.567.166.766.065.3
Buskerud66.866.166.665.566.966.765.465.7
Vestfold65.364.365.063.464.765.463.664.6
Telemark63.562.363.161.262.962.862.261.1
Aust-Agder62.962.261.963.361.863.560.260.1
Vest-Agder64.764.164.963.464.064.764.164.4
Rogaland70.769.370.570.470.069.567.566.9
Hordaland69.868.669.268.568.669.367.966.7
Sogn og Fjordane70.870.572.870.671.170.469.970.1
Møre og Romsdal68.667.067.766.967.066.967.266.8
Sør-Trøndelag69.468.567.868.768.468.768.268.2
Nord-Trøndelag66.667.065.165.465.669.567.467.5
Nordland64.464.463.863.265.566.562.363.4
Troms - Romsa69.568.868.268.768.469.868.267.6
Finnmark - Finnmárku64.663.363.763.662.164.563.162.5
 
Males
Total70.569.570.169.469.670.068.868.7
Østfold66.863.767.063.563.563.864.064.3
Akershus71.872.571.271.972.572.972.872.0
Oslo73.973.274.274.773.272.672.672.3
Hedmark69.265.168.364.463.864.867.668.0
Oppland67.667.869.070.068.467.465.265.7
Buskerud69.568.069.168.270.568.065.266.3
Vestfold68.967.068.565.667.068.167.368.4
Telemark66.566.466.665.367.767.964.965.6
Aust-Agder67.366.066.368.065.767.762.861.5
Vest-Agder65.965.163.963.664.365.567.165.8
Rogaland72.672.972.773.774.572.870.669.4
Hordaland72.369.971.370.569.471.068.668.6
Sogn og Fjordane74.173.875.972.273.275.074.972.3
Møre og Romsdal70.669.269.268.269.669.369.969.4
Sør-Trøndelag71.270.370.569.370.071.870.270.8
Nord-Trøndelag69.972.368.671.272.475.769.870.5
Nordland66.663.965.862.764.066.362.763.5
Troms - Romsa71.970.571.571.670.770.769.170.1
Finnmark - Finnmárku64.462.162.861.860.063.263.561.1
 
Females
Total65.565.065.165.265.065.364.664.1
Østfold59.358.659.060.559.557.257.455.3
Akershus67.767.968.269.267.068.367.365.8
Oslo69.768.869.969.569.168.068.669.5
Hedmark60.061.057.059.160.663.161.260.9
Oppland64.165.862.664.965.865.966.864.9
Buskerud64.064.264.062.863.165.365.765.0
Vestfold61.761.561.561.162.462.659.960.8
Telemark60.458.059.457.157.857.559.556.5
Aust-Agder58.358.257.258.457.859.257.458.7
Vest-Agder63.562.965.863.163.863.861.063.0
Rogaland68.765.568.166.965.165.964.164.3
Hordaland67.267.267.066.467.867.467.164.8
Sogn og Fjordane67.266.969.368.868.865.564.567.7
Møre og Romsdal66.464.666.065.664.264.364.463.9
Sør-Trøndelag67.566.665.068.166.765.466.265.3
Nord-Trøndelag63.061.561.559.458.563.164.864.4
Nordland62.164.961.763.767.266.661.963.3
Troms - Romsa67.066.964.865.566.068.867.265.0
Finnmark - Finnmárku64.864.764.665.664.566.062.764.1

Table 24 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. Per cent

Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. Per cent
20152016
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
1. Managers7.79.35.97.99.36.3
2. Professionals26.821.033.327.020.833.8
3. Technicians and associate professionals17.018.815.116.918.914.7
4. Clerical support workers5.94.17.95.84.47.4
5. Service and sales workers19.912.228.620.312.429.1
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers1.92.80.91.92.70.9
7. Craft and related trades workers9.316.61.19.316.71.0
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers6.210.31.65.89.61.5
0,9. Other occupations5.35.05.65.15.05.2

Table 25 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. 1 000
20152016
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
In total2 6511 4021 2492 6471 3951 252
1. Managers2031307321013079
2. Professionals710295415714290424
3. Technicians and associate professionals452263189448264184
4. Clerical support workers15758991546292
5. Service and sales workers528171357537173364
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers503911493812
7. Craft and related trades workers2462321424623313
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1641442015413419
0,9. Other occupations14070701357065

Table 26 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation, sector and sex. Annual average. 1000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation, sector and sex. Annual average. 1000
2016
All sectorsPrivate sector and public enterprisesPublic sector
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
In total2 6471 3951 2521 7881 129659848260588
1. Managers2101307916011051492129
2. Professionals714290424312179132401111291
3. Technicians and associate professionals4482641843392191201074463
4. Clerical support workers1546292133577620416
5. Service and sales workers53717336432312519821147164
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers493812483711111
7. Craft and related trades workers2462331324022812541
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1541341914913019441
0,9. Other occupations1357065844341492624

Table 27 
Employed persons ages 15-74, by occupation and major industry division. Annual average. 1000

Employed persons ages 15-74, by occupation and major industry division. Annual average. 1000
2016
In total1. Managers2. Professionals3. Technicians and associate professionals4. Clerical support workers5. Service and sales workers6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers7. Craft and related trades workers8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers0,9. Other occupations
00-99 All industries2 64721071444815453749246154135
01-02 Agriculture and forestry410011135121
03 Fishing14102009100
05-09 Oil and gas extraction, mining and quarrying57416142108111
10-33 Manufacturing217262046133054497
35-39 Electricity, gas, water supply30458310415
41-43 Construction20614625930119209
45-47 Domestic trade3604817563316213536
49-53 Transport and storage139862326903575
55-56 Accommodation and food service activities7291364200111
58-63 Information and communication97106016430202
64-66 Financial and insurance activities475733100000
68-82 Real estate, tech.adm service2991693782534313433
84 Public administration and defence18222704471002125
85 Education2271217385240005
86-88 Human health and social work activities5381920966921501117
90-99 Other service activities1141130248290236

Table 28 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex, occupation and contractual/usual work time. Annual average

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex, occupation and contractual/usual work time. Annual average
2016
TotalPart-timePercent Part-timeFull-timePercent Full-timeAverage working hours per week
Both sexes
In total2 64766825.21 97174.534.3
1. Managers210115.319894.639.2
2. Professionals71413819.457480.435.8
3. Technicians and associate professionals4487416.437483.435.6
4. Clerical support workers1544831.010668.632.3
5. Service and sales workers53729755.323744.027.8
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers491224.53774.741.3
7. Craft and related trades workers246176.922892.937.6
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1541811.613688.337.9
0,9. Other occupations1355338.98260.430.4
 
Males
In total1 39520614.81 18685.036.6
1. Managers13064.412495.440.0
2. Professionals2903110.725989.237.5
3. Technicians and associate professionals2642610.023789.837.0
4. Clerical support workers621523.54776.133.3
5. Service and sales workers1737643.79755.829.9
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers38820.13079.243.9
7. Craft and related trades workers233146.121893.737.7
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1341410.112089.738.3
0,9. Other occupations701724.55275.034.0
 
Females
In total1 25246236.978662.731.8
1. Managers7956.97493.138.1
2. Professionals42410725.431574.434.6
3. Technicians and associate professionals1844725.713774.233.6
4. Clerical support workers923336.15963.631.5
5. Service and sales workers36422160.814038.426.8
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers12538.7760.333.1
7. Craft and related trades workers13321.71078.034.9
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers19421.91578.134.9
0,9. Other occupations653554.32944.826.6

About the statistics

The purpose of the Labour Force Survey is to provide information on the development in employment and unemployment, and on the relationship to the labour market for different groups. The statistics are published quarterly, normally 4 weeks after the end of the quarter.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Concepts and definitions are in accordance with recommendations given by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and EU/Eurostat.

According to the international recommendations persons above a specified age should be classified by their attachment to the labour market in a specified, short period, either a day or a week. In the Norwegian LFS the reference period is one week, and the sample of persons are classified in relation to their situation in that reference week.

Employed persons are persons aged 15-74 who performed work for pay or profit for at least one hour in the reference week, or who were temporarily absent from work because of illness, holidays etc. Conscripts are classified as employed persons. Persons engaged by government measures to promote employment are also included if they receive wages. Persons laid off 100 per cent with a continuous duration of until three months are defined as employed, temporarily absent.

Unemployed persons are persons who were not employed in the reference week, but who had been seeking work during the preceding four weeks, and were available for work in the reference week or within the next two weeks (in 1996-2005 one should be available within two weeks following the time of interview, and until 1996 one should be able to start working in the reference week). Persons laid off 100 per cent are defined as unemployed after three continuous months of leave.

Persons in the labour force are either employed or unemployed. The remaining group of persons is labelled not in the labour force .

Man-hours worked include all actual working hours, i.e. including overtime and excluding absence from work. Persons absent from work are not included in the calculation of actual working hours per week (in average) .

Contractual/usual working hours refer to the weekly number of working hours determined by the working contract. Absence from work because of illness, holidays etc. is not subtracted, and overtime is not included. Employees, whose contractual working hours vary from week to week, give information on both the actual reference week as well as the average of their contractual working hours per week (in the tables published the average numbers are normally used). For employees without contract on working hours, for self-employed and for unpaid family workers, data on their usual weekly working hours are used (as an average of their actual working hours during the last 4 weeks).

Full-time/part-time distinction is based on the contractual/usual working hours. Part-time: 1-36 hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 hours who classify themselves as full-time employed.

Full-time: 37 hours and over, and the cases mentioned above. For persons with more jobs, the working hours in the main and the second job are summarized.

Overtime

Overtime is defined as working hours which exceed the contractual working hours for full-time employees, conducted during a specified reference week. The overtime may be compensated by payment or by time off, or be without any compensation. Up to 2006 these questions were included in the survey only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter. 

A major revision of the LFS in 2006 led to a significant break in the time-series for overtime, i.e. lower estimates than published earlier. This was mostly due to changes in the questionnaire concerning working time.

Statistics on overtime include employees working full-time only. For persons with more jobs, the working hours in the main and the second job are summarized in order to classify them as either part- or full-time workers, as in LFS statistics generally.

For those with more jobs, overtime hours in the main job only are included. By calculating the overtime hours as a share of the total number of man-hours worked among full-time employees, the working hours in the second job are, however, included in the denominator. Persons temporarily absent from work are included in the denominator while calculating the share of employees working overtime, mainly to avoid seasonal variations.

Employees who just had an occasional job in the reference week, and on-call workers, are not asked about overtime, but they are included in the denominator if they were full-time employed in the reference week.

As from 2007 imputation is used concerning the overtime variables in case of proxy interviews and partial non-response.

Involuntary part-time employment comprises part-time employed persons seeking longer contractual/usual working hours by registering at the Employment Offices, advertising, contacting present employer etc., and who were able to start with increased working hours within a month.

Permanence of the job

The employees are asked whether they have a permanent job (a work contract of unlimited duration) or a temporary job (a work contract of limited duration). If the person has more than one job, only the main job is classified by permanence.

There are two kinds of working arrangements outside ordinary hours (Monday to Friday from 6 am to 6 pm).

  • Shift work is usually understood as working time outside normally working hours. What counts in the survey as shift work is based on the evaluation of the respondent. For respondents who have not answered the question on shift work, the value is imputed based on the answers they have given with regard to evening, night, Saturday and Sunday work.
  • Work outside ordinary hours, not shift work. This refers to work on evenings, nights, Saturdays and Sundays which is not shift work. Evening work is defined as work between 6 pm and 10 pm. Night work is between 10 pm and 6 am. Respondents who report that they work on one or more of these working time schedules outside ordinary hours are also asked about the frequency of this kind of work during a four week period. This is done for each of the working time schedule separately. Based on this, the work outside regularly hours is divided into the categories "regularly" or "sometimes". For evening and night work, the respondent must have this kind of work on at least half of their working days in the four week period to be defined as having regularly evening work and/or regularly night work. For work on weekends, they must work 2-4 Saturdays and/or 2-4 Sundays during the four week period to be defined as having regularly Saturday and/or Sunday work. The respondents who have these kinds of working schedules, but more seldom than indicated above, are defined as sometimes having this kind of work.

Working hour arrangements outside ordinary daytime are based on the contract for the employees, and on usual working time pattern for the self-employed. Up to 2006 these questions were included in the survey only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter, but only for ¼ of the sample, and the results are published once a year: Labour force survey. Patterns of working time.

Course participation refers to job related courses which the respondent was paid to attend. Only courses received during a period of four weeks are included. Up to 2006 these questions were asked only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter to the whole sample. Labour force survey. Education and training.

As from 2006 the definition of age was changed from completed years at the end of the year to completed years at the time of the reference week.

The persons are classified by marital status as unmarried, married and previously married according to information given by the respondents. Previously married includes widows, widowers, separated and divorced persons. In the tables married women include cohabitants.

Immigrants are defined as persons born abroad by foreign-born parents who have emigrated toNorway. In statistics based on the Labour Force Survey (LFS) they are divided in two groups by country of birth:

1) Immigrants from EU/EFTA-countries,North-America,AustraliaandNew Zealand. 

2) Immigrants from Eastern Europe except EU, Asia, Africa, Latin America and Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.

Standard classifications

The industrial classification is in accordance with the Standard Industrial Classification (NOS D 383), which is based on the EU-standard of NACE Rev. 2.

The occupational classification is based on the International Standard Classification of Occupations 2008 (ISCO-08). The Norwegian standard has been named STYRK-08 (Notater 17/2011). 

The educational classification is in accordance with the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NOS C617).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Labour force survey
Topic: Labour market and earnings

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Labour Market Statistics

Regional level

County and the whole country.

Frequency and timeliness

Quarterly and annual, but monthly publishing of some key figures seasonally adjusted (averages of the last 3 months). Quarterly figures are normally published 5 weeks after the end of the quarter.

International reporting

The quarterly data files are sent to Eurostat. Tables are sent each month/quarter/year to Eurostat, OECD, ILO and IMF, as well as to the Nordic Yearbook.

Microdata

The basic material (survey results from the interviewers) as well as the statistical files (on the basis of revision and estimation procedures) are stored.

Background

Background and purpose

The main purpose of the survey is to provide data on employment and unemployment, and data on the labour force participation in different sections of the population. The Norwegian LFS started in 1972. For information about the history of the survey, and about breaks in the time-series, please cf. Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

Users and applications

The surveys give information to the Labour Market Authorities and other users about the situation on the labour market, and provide data for labour force research and forecasts, as well as for international organizations and mass media.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar.

For more information, see Principles for equal treatment of users in releasing statistics and analyses

Coherence with other statistics

The results from the LFS are used in the National Accounts Statistics.

For statistics at regional levels (counties and municipalities), the Registerbased Employment Statistics are recommended. These statistics also give figures on employees who are immigrants.

Statistics Norway also produces statistics on selected industries based on data from the establishments, containing figures on employment, compensation of employees, value of production and capital formation etc. These statistics contain more detailed information about each industry than it is possible to give from the LFS and the National Accounts Statistics.

Statistics on unemployed persons at the Employment Offices and government measures to promote employment are compiled by the Directorate of Labour on the basis of registers of unemployed persons and applicants for work.

The figures on unemployment based on the LFS differ from the figures on unemployed persons registered at the Employment Offices. The LFS-figures also include unemployed persons not registered at the Employment Offices, some of the participants in government measures to promote employment and some of the disabled persons. On the other hand, some of the registered unemployed are not classified as unemployed in the LFS, on the basis of the information given on seeking and availability for work. As from 2006 persons on lay-off (until 3 months) are no longer classified as unemployed, but as employed persons (temporarily absent from work) in the LFS, while they still are classified as unemployed in the registerbased statistics. However, if the period of lay-off exceeds 3 months, they are classified as unemployed in the LFS as well.

The Population and Housing Censuses (each 10th year) give statistics on employment during the last 12 months, in addition to the situation in a specified reference week. As from 2001 onwards employment data based on administrative registers are used. Statistics on labour conflicts and working days lost are compiled by Statistics Norway on the basis of information supplied mostly by the labour and employers's organizations. The Surveys of Level of Living (by Statistics Norway) give information on physical working environment as well as organizational working conditions.

The main source to describe the situation for the immigrants on the labour market is the registerbased statistics on employment and unemployment. By using data from the LFS as a supplement we will achieve still more information regarding this group, for example on actual and desired working hours, temporary employment and patterns of working time. Moreover the LFS has more data than the registers on job seeking and desire for work.

The main problem using the LFS for statistics on immigrants is the size of the sample and the statistical uncertainty. The group of immigrants inNorwayis rather heterogeneous regarding their situation on the labour market, and therefore it is required to divide among at least two groups in the presentation of statistics. A further dividing by other variables will require long time-series in order to draw any conclusions.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-2 and 2-3.

EEA reference

Council Regulation (EC) nos 577/98, 1991/2002 and 2257/2003, and Commission Regulation nos 1575/2000, 1897/2000, 2104/2002, 430/2005 and 377/2008.

Production

Population

The total population aged 15-74 is covered by the LFS. Up to 2006 the group was 16-74, and age defined as completed years at the end of the year. As from 2006 age is defined as completed years at the time of the reference week. Observation unit: person.

Data sources and sampling

The main source for the LFS is quarterly, representative sample surveys based on interview by telephone.

Inhabitants in all municipalities are randomly selected, on the basis of a register of family units. The sample consists of about 12 000 family units (24 000 persons) each quarter. Each family member aged 15-74 participates in the survey, answering questions about their situation during a specified reference week. As from 1996 each family participates in the survey 8 times during a period of 8 quarters (before 1996: 4 times during 6 quarters). Up to 1996 a two stage sampling procedure was applied. For more information, please cf. Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Interview by telephone. Information from previous interviews are used while asking about any changes in the situation, instead of the same, comprehensive data collection every time. For the coding of industry, information from some registers is also used. Demographic data are collected from the Central Population Register, and data on education are based on a register of individual data collected by Statistics Norway from the educational institutions (but questions are also asked to get more updated information).

The respondent is usually the same person as the observation unit (but proxy interviews are done if it is not possible to get in contact with the observation unit; 14-15 per cent of the interviews are done by asking near family members). Data are collected weekly, i.e. the LFS is a continuous survey (all weeks are covered). Up to 1st quarter 1996 (from 2nd quarter 1988) the survey was based on one reference week each month, and in previous years on one week each quarter. Participation in the survey is compulsory, but compulsory fines are not used.

As the data collection is made by use of computer-assisted interviews, some procedures for electronic control of the registration of answers are included in the questionnaire, for example concerning the number of working hours during the reference week. In some cases the interviewers become a "warning" by recording an answer, in other cases maximum or minimum values have been set beforehand.

Person is the unit for analysis.

The absolute figures from the LFS are presented as estimated figures for the total population aged 15-74. The accurate number of persons in the population being represented by one person in the sample, the inflation factor, varies, with 170 on an average for quarterly figures. The estimation is done by a poststratification method using information from the Central Population Register, the Register of Employees and the Tax Register. Seasonally adjusted data are calculated by using the X12ARIMA method. For more information see Seasonal adjustment of LFS.

Seasonal adjustment

Quarterly figures from LFS are not seasonally adjusted

Confidentiality

Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

Most of the time-series from the LFS are comparable over time. Breaks in the series up to 2001 are described in the publication Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

The concepts in LFS are defined in accordance with international recommendations, cf item 4.1, to ensure comparability among the countries.

As from 2006 the LFS was revised, mainly to be in accordance with the EU-requirements based on new ILO recommendations. Some definitions and parts of the questionnaire were changed, and some new variables were added. As from 2006 age is defined as completed years at the time of the reference week, instead of completed years at the end of the year, as earlier. Moreover the lower age limit to be covered by the survey was lowered from 16 to 15, in accordance with the surveys in other countries.

These changes from 2006 led to breaks in the time-series for the LFS estimates. The revised survey gives some lower estimates for unemployment (1 000 persons as an annual average for 2006) and some higher estimates for employment (8 000 in 2006). A break in the time series also occured for the estimates of actual working hours per week and man-hours worked. For more information, please cf. http://www.ssb.no/aku_en/. Quarterly data for 2006 are published according to both the revised and the unrevised LFS, in order to improve the comparability for the figures between 2006 and 2005. The breaks in the time-series were most significant for figures divided by age groups.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

In all surveys errors may occur in connection with both the collection and the processing of data. The use of proxy interviews (asking near family members instead of the observation unit) often increase the problems of measurement. As an average the employment is underestimated because of proxy interviews.

The non-response rate was approximately 10-12 per cent in the years 1972-1991, and for the next six years just 6-8 per cent. From 1998 onwards the non-response has increased gradually, up to approximately 20 per cent in 2012.

 Correction for total non-response is done in the estimating procedure. Partial non-response is adjusted for some variables.

Variance

The estimates from the LFS are based on a sample of family units. Somewhat different results might have been obtained if a different sample or if a complete census had been taken using the same questionnaires, interviewers, processing, etc. as those actually used in the LFS. The uncertainty introduced by sampling is called the sampling error or standard deviation of the estimates.

Standard deviation of the estimates and coefficient of variations are published in StatBank Norway for the variables employed, part-time employed, average actual hours of work per week and unemployed by age, gender and region, both for level and change estimates. The quarterly figures of s are published in the StatBank table 09937 and the annual figures in StatBank table 09938 .

If the reader wants an indication of the size of the standard deviation for quarterly figures and annual averages for other variables or group divisions, see the table below. These indications are only guiding, and can not be interpreted as precise calculations for any variable. Changes between two surveys will usually have the same absolute uncertainty as the two figures which are compared.

 

Indication of the standard deviation for other variables than in StatBank table 09937 and 09938

 
 

Quarterly figures

 

Annual averages

 

Absolute figures

As per cent of estimated value

Absolute figures

As per cent of estimated value

 
           

5 000

800

16,0

500

10,0

 

7 000

900

12,9

600

8,6

 

10 000

1 100

11,0

700

7,0

 

20 000

1 600

8,0

1 100

5,5

 

30 000

1 900

6,3

1 300

4,3

 

40 000

2 200

5,5

1 500

3,8

 

50 000

2 500

5,0

1 700

3,4

 

60 000

2 700

4,5

1 800

3,0

 

70 000

2 900

4,1

1 900

2,7

 

100 000

3 500

3,5

2 300

2,3

 

200 000

4 800

2,4

3 200

1,6

 

300 000

5 800

1,9

3 900

1,3

 

400 000

6 600

1,7

4 400

1,1

 

500 000

7 200

1,4

4 800

1,0

 

1 000 000

9 100

0,9

6 100

0,6

 

1 700 000

9 600

0,6

6 400

0,4

 

2 000 000

9 100

0,5

6 100

0,3

 

Revision

Not relevant

Contact

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